Tuesday, February 27Food Security Matters

Bawang: 10 Health Benefits of Garlic, and Side Effects

Garlic, with its pungent aroma and distinctive flavor, has been cherished for centuries not only for its culinary uses but also for its incredible health benefits. Known as the “stinking rose,” garlic has been a staple ingredient in various cuisines around the world, and its medicinal properties have been recognized in ancient civilizations as well as modern scientific research. The health benefits of garlic are vast, making it a powerful ally in promoting overall well-being.

Garlic is packed with essential nutrients and bioactive compounds that contribute to its numerous health advantages. Its most notable compound, allicin, is responsible for garlic’s distinctive smell and many of its medicinal properties. Allicin has been shown to have potent antimicrobial and antioxidant effects, helping to strengthen the immune system and combat harmful bacteria and viruses. Additionally, garlic has been linked to reducing high blood pressure and improving cardiovascular health. Studies suggest that regular consumption of garlic may help lower cholesterol levels, prevent blood clots, and decrease the risk of heart disease.

What is Garlic

What exactly is garlic? Well, its scientific name is Allium sativum, but it’s more commonly known as bawang in Tagalog. This aromatic bulb comes from the onion family and has been cultivated for thousands of years.

If you’ve ever come across a head of garlic, you might have noticed its distinct appearance – a cluster of individual cloves enclosed within papery white or purple skin. Each clove is packed with flavor and nutrients that make this small ingredient mighty!

Garlic belongs to the plant type called perennial herbs, which means it lives for more than two years. It grows best in well-drained soil and thrives in sunny conditions. With its long green leaves emerging from the ground, garlic plants can reach up to 2 feet tall.

When it comes to top-producing countries, China takes the lead by producing over 80% of the world’s garlic supply! Other major producers include India, South Korea, Russia, Egypt, and Spain. These countries recognize not only the culinary value but also the health benefits that garlic brings to our plates.

Garlic as Superfood

Garlic is not just an ordinary spice or flavor enhancer. It is considered a superfood that packs a powerful punch of nutrients and health benefits.

Nutritional facts reveal that garlic is low in calories but high in vitamins C and B6, manganese, selenium, and fiber. It also contains small amounts of other nutrients like calcium, potassium, iron, and vitamin A.


But what makes garlic truly remarkable are its active compounds like allicin. Allicin is responsible for many of the health benefits associated with garlic consumption. It has potent antioxidant properties that help protect our cells from damage caused by free radicals.

Studies have shown that regular intake of garlic can lower blood pressure levels and reduce cholesterol levels. This can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Garlic’s impressive anti-inflammatory properties may also help combat chronic diseases such as arthritis and certain types of cancer.

Furthermore, garlic has been found to boost the immune system by stimulating the production of white blood cells which fight against infections.

In addition to these benefits, garlic has antimicrobial properties that make it effective against common pathogens like bacteria and fungi.

The nutritional composition of garlic (Allium sativum) per 100 grams is approximately as follows:

  • Calories: 149 kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 33 grams
    • Dietary Fiber: 2.1 grams
  • Protein: 6.4 grams
  • Fat: 0.5 grams
  • Vitamin C: 31.2 milligrams
  • Vitamin B6: 1.235 milligrams
  • Calcium: 181 milligrams
  • Iron: 1.7 milligrams
  • Potassium: 401 milligrams

Garlic is low in calories and fat while providing a good source of carbohydrates and dietary fiber. It is also a modest source of protein. Garlic is known for its rich content of organosulfur compounds, such as allicin, which are responsible for its distinct aroma and potential health benefits.

Garlic contains essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin B6, calcium, iron, and potassium. Vitamin C acts as an antioxidant and supports immune function, while vitamin B6 contributes to energy metabolism. Calcium and iron are essential for bone health and red blood cell production, respectively. Potassium plays a crucial role in maintaining proper heart function and fluid balance.

It’s worth noting that these values are approximate and can vary based on factors such as the variety of garlic and cultivation conditions.

10 Health Benefits of Garlic

1. Boosts Immune System: Garlic contains compounds like allicin and sulfur which have natural antimicrobial properties that help strengthen the immune system.

2. Reduces Blood Pressure: Studies have shown that regular consumption of garlic can help lower blood pressure levels, reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke.

3. Improves Heart Health: Garlic has been found to reduce cholesterol levels and prevent plaque buildup in arteries, promoting optimal heart health.

4. Fights Inflammation: The anti-inflammatory properties of garlic make it beneficial for reducing inflammation in the body and alleviating symptoms of conditions like arthritis.

5. Supports Digestive Health: Garlic stimulates digestion by promoting the production of digestive enzymes, aiding in better nutrient absorption, and relieving stomach issues such as bloating and gas.

6. Anti-Cancer Properties: Several studies suggest that garlic may have cancer-fighting abilities due to its antioxidant properties which help protect against oxidative damage caused by free radicals.

7. Regulates Blood Sugar Levels: Garlic helps regulate blood sugar levels by increasing insulin sensitivity, making it beneficial for individuals with diabetes or those at risk of developing it.

8. Enhances Brain Function: Research indicates that certain compounds present in garlic may improve memory retention and cognitive function while protecting against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s.

9. Supports Bone Health: The high content of nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and selenium in garlic contributes to maintaining strong bones and preventing osteoporosis.

10. Aids Weight Loss Efforts: Garlic can aid weight loss efforts by boosting metabolism, suppressing appetite cravings, and promoting fat-burning processes within the body.

Side Effects and Disadvantages

Garlic is undeniably a powerhouse of health benefits, but like any other food or supplement, it’s important to be aware of the potential side effects and disadvantages. While garlic is generally safe for most people when consumed in moderation, there are a few things to keep in mind.

1. Digestive Issues: Some individuals may experience digestive discomforts such as heartburn, bloating, or gas after consuming garlic. This is especially true if you have a sensitive stomach or suffer from gastrointestinal conditions like acid reflux or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

2. Bad Breath and Body Odor: Garlic’s strong aroma doesn’t just stay on your breath – it can also permeate your skin pores, leading to an unpleasant body odor that some find off-putting.

3. Allergies: Although rare, some individuals may be allergic to garlic. Symptoms can range from mild skin rashes and itching to more severe reactions like difficulty breathing or swelling of the face and throat.

4. Blood Thinning: Garlic has natural blood-thinning properties which can be beneficial for cardiovascular health; however, if you already take blood-thinning medications like warfarin or aspirin, consuming excessive amounts of garlic could increase the risk of bleeding.

5. Interactions with Medications: If you’re taking certain medications like anticoagulants, immune system suppressants, birth control pills, or HIV/AIDS drugs, check with your healthcare provider before adding large amounts of garlic to your diet as it may interact with these medications.

It’s essential to remember that while these side effects exist for some individuals under specific circumstances; they do not apply universally. As always consult with a healthcare professional before making any significant changes to your diet or lifestyle.

5 Popular Garlic Recipes

  1. Garlic Butter Shrimp: Sauté shrimp in a pan with melted butter, minced garlic, and a dash of lemon juice. Serve over rice or pasta for a quick and flavorful meal.
  2. Roasted Garlic Hummus: Blend chickpeas, roasted garlic cloves, tahini, lemon juice, and olive oil until smooth. Season with salt and pepper. Enjoy with pita bread or vegetable sticks for a healthy and tasty snack.
  3. Garlic and Herb Roasted Potatoes: Toss cubed potatoes with minced garlic, olive oil, fresh herbs like rosemary and thyme, salt, and pepper. Roast in the oven until crispy and golden. Perfect as a side dish or a satisfying vegetarian main.
  4. Garlic Bread: Slice a baguette lengthwise and spread a mixture of butter, minced garlic, parsley, and grated Parmesan cheese over the cut sides. Toast in the oven until the bread is crusty and the cheese is melted.
  5. Garlic and Lemon Chicken: Marinate chicken breasts in a mixture of minced garlic, lemon juice, olive oil, salt, and pepper. Grill or bake until cooked through. Serve with roasted vegetables or a fresh salad for a zesty and wholesome meal.


From boosting our immune system to improving heart health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases, garlic has proven itself to be a superfood that deserves a place on our plates.

With its rich nutritional profile and numerous medicinal properties, it’s no wonder that garlic has been used for centuries in traditional medicine. Packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, this humble bulb offers an array of health benefits that can positively impact our overall well-being.

However, like any other food or supplement, it’s important to consume garlic in moderation and consult with your healthcare provider if you have any underlying medical conditions or are taking medications. While garlic is generally safe for most people when consumed in culinary amounts, excessive consumption may lead to unwanted side effects.

Note: This article also addresses the following local issues:

  • Benepisyo ng bawang
  • Bitamina ng bawang
  • Side effect ng bawang
  • Epekto ng pagkain ng bawang
  • Masamang epekto ng bawang sa katawan
  • Pag inom ng bawang sa umaga at gabi
  • Ano ang benepisyo ng bawang sa katawan
  • Tamang pagkain ng bawang
  • Bawang uses and benefits
  • Paano gamitin ang bawang para sa high blood

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