Wednesday, February 28Food Security Matters

Redcap Chicken: Characteristics, History, Behavior, and Temperament

Welcome to our blog post where we delve into the fascinating world of Redcap chicken! If you’re a poultry enthusiast or simply curious about different chicken breeds, then you’ve come to the right place. The Redcap chicken is a captivating and distinctive breed that has caught the attention of many with its unique characteristics and rich history. From their striking appearance to their endearing behavior, there’s so much to learn and appreciate about these feathered friends.

Redcap Chicken History and Origin

Redcap chickens, also known as Derbyshire Redcaps, are a breed of domestic chicken with distinctive red crests or “caps” on their heads. They have a rich history and are considered a traditional British poultry breed. Here’s some information about their history and origin:

Derbyshire Redcap chickens


Redcap chickens originated in the county of Derbyshire in England. They are believed to have been developed in the Derbyshire region during the 19th century. The breed’s exact origins are not well-documented, but they are thought to have been developed through selective breeding of local landrace chickens and possibly influenced by other breeds like Old English Game and Spanish chickens.


Redcap chickens are known for their unique appearance, with their most distinctive feature being the large, upright, and bright red comb or crest on their heads. The rest of their body can come in various colors, including black, white, or cuckoo (black and white barred). They have a medium-sized, well-feathered body and are generally good layers of medium to large-sized white eggs.

Historical Significance

Redcap chickens were historically raised for their utility as egg layers and also for their meat. They were well-suited for smallholdings and backyard flocks due to their ability to forage and their adaptability to various environments. These chickens were particularly valued for their ability to lay consistently even during the colder months, which made them valuable for egg production in the British climate.

Decline and Conservation

In the mid-20th century, with the rise of commercial poultry farming and the focus on specific high-yielding breeds, many traditional and local breeds, including Redcap chickens, faced a decline in popularity and were at risk of extinction. Efforts to conserve and promote these breeds began as people recognized the value of maintaining genetic diversity in poultry populations.

Conservation Efforts

Various poultry conservation organizations and enthusiasts have been working to preserve and promote Redcap chickens and other traditional breeds. By breeding and promoting these breeds, they aim to maintain genetic diversity, support sustainable agriculture practices, and preserve historical and cultural heritage.

While Redcap chickens may not be as common as some modern commercial breeds, they hold a special place in the history of British poultry farming and continue to be celebrated by poultry enthusiasts and heritage breed preservationists.

Physical Characteristics

Redcap chickens have distinct physical characteristics that make them stand out among other breeds. One of the most notable features is their striking appearance, with a prominent red comb and wattles. The head of a Redcap chicken is adorned with a large single comb that stands upright, giving it an elegant and regal look.


Redcap chickens are known for their striking appearance, primarily characterized by the large, bright red comb or crest on their heads. The comb is often described as being rose-shaped or globe-shaped, and it stands upright. Their overall appearance can vary slightly depending on the specific color variety.


The most distinctive feature of Redcap chickens is the red crest on their heads. The crest is often likened to a cap or crown, and it stands upright, giving the breed its name. The comb is usually well-developed and can vary in size and shape. The wattles and earlobes are usually red as well.

Redcap roster with unique comb

Plumage and Feathers

Redcap chickens come in different color varieties, including black, white, and cuckoo. The plumage of these chickens is generally neat and well-feathered. In the black and cuckoo varieties, the feathers are solid-colored, while in the white variety, the plumage is predominantly white.

Size and Weight

Redcap chickens are of medium size. They have a well-proportioned body with a moderate build. As for their weight, adult Redcap chickens typically weigh around 5-6 pounds (2.3-2.7 kg) for males and slightly less for females, making them a relatively lightweight breed.


The legs of Redcap chickens are usually of medium length and are strong enough to support their body. The color of their legs can vary based on the color variety. For instance, black and cuckoo Redcaps often have black or dark-colored legs, while white Redcaps have lighter-colored legs.

Overall, the Redcap breed’s most distinguishing feature is its vivid red crest or comb on the head, which sets it apart from many other chicken breeds. The combination of their unique appearance, historical significance, and utility as egg layers contributes to their continued recognition and conservation efforts among poultry enthusiasts.

Redcap Chicken Behavior and Temperament

Redcap chickens are known for their active and alert behavior, as well as their relatively friendly and curious temperament. However, as with any breed, individual variations can occur based on genetics, socialization, and handling. Here are some general behavioral traits and temperamental characteristics often associated with Redcap chickens:

Active and Alert

Redcaps are known for their high activity levels and alertness. They tend to be quite active foragers, constantly exploring their surroundings in search of food and interesting things to investigate.


These chickens are often curious and can be quite interactive with their environment. They may readily approach new objects, people, or changes in their surroundings, displaying a sense of curiosity and exploration.

Social Behavior

Redcaps generally get along well with other chickens and are capable of forming strong social bonds within their flock. They often exhibit typical chicken social behaviors, such as establishing a pecking order and engaging in social interactions like dust bathing and preening together.


While Redcaps can be friendly, their alert and active nature might make them a bit more prone to flightiness compared to some other calmer breeds. Sudden movements or loud noises might startle them, causing them to take flight or seek cover.


With proper handling and socialization, Redcaps can become relatively tame and comfortable around humans. Chickens that are raised with regular gentle interactions from a young age are more likely to become accustomed to human presence and handling.

Egg Production

Redcaps are known for their good egg-laying abilities. They tend to be consistent layers, providing a steady supply of medium to large white eggs throughout the year, including during colder months.

It’s important to note that individual variations can exist within any breed, and a chicken’s behavior and temperament can also be influenced by factors such as their upbringing, environment, and human interaction. If you’re considering raising Redcap chickens, providing them with a well-designed coop and run, regular socialization, proper nutrition, and a safe environment will contribute to their overall well-being and positive behavioral traits.

Uses and Purpose

Redcap chickens have historically been valued for their utility in both egg production and meat, making them a dual-purpose breed. Here are the primary uses and purposes of Redcap chickens:

1. Egg Production

Redcap chickens are known for their consistent egg-laying abilities. They are capable of laying a good number of medium to large-sized white eggs throughout the year, including during colder months. Their reliable egg production made them a valuable asset to smallholdings and backyard flocks, especially in regions with colder climates where some other breeds might slow down their egg production during the winter.

2. Meat Production

While Redcaps are primarily known for their egg-laying capabilities, they can also be used for meat production. Their meat quality is decent, although they are not as heavily developed for meat as some other specialized meat breeds. In traditional settings, these chickens would often be raised for both meat and eggs, providing a source of protein and sustenance for rural households.

3. Heritage Conservation

In modern times, one of the purposes of Redcap chickens, like many other heritage and traditional breeds, is conservation. These breeds carry historical and genetic significance, and efforts are made by poultry enthusiasts and conservation organizations to preserve their genetic diversity and cultural heritage. By raising and maintaining Redcap chickens, individuals, and organizations contribute to the preservation of traditional poultry breeds that might otherwise be at risk of disappearing.

4. Education and Exhibition

Redcap chickens are also sometimes kept for educational purposes and as exhibition birds. Their unique appearance, particularly the bright red crest, makes them visually appealing and interesting to both poultry enthusiasts and the general public. These birds can be showcased at poultry shows and exhibitions to educate people about different chicken breeds and the importance of genetic diversity in livestock.

5. Backyard Flocks

In more recent years, as interest in raising backyard chickens for eggs and hobby farming has grown, Redcap chickens might be kept for their dual-purpose characteristics and historical significance. Their active and curious nature can also make them entertaining and engaging additions to a backyard flock.

Overall, Redcap chickens have been valued for their contribution to egg and meat production, their historical significance, and their potential role in sustainable agriculture practices. While they may not be as specialized as some modern breeds, they offer a combination of attributes that make them appealing to a variety of poultry enthusiasts and small-scale farmers.

Redcap Hen Egg Production and Broodiness

Redcap hens are known for their good egg-laying capabilities. They are considered reliable layers, and their egg production can be quite consistent under the right conditions. Here are some details about Redcap hen egg production and their behavior regarding broodiness:

Egg Production

Redcap hens are known to lay a moderate number of eggs throughout the year. Their egg production can vary depending on factors such as their genetics, diet, health, and environmental conditions. On average, a healthy Redcap hen can lay around 150 to 200 more eggs per year.

Their egg size is typically medium to large, and the eggs are usually white. The consistent egg-laying ability of Redcap hens, even during colder months, has been one of the reasons why they were historically valued for their utility in providing eggs for households.


Broodiness refers to a hen’s natural inclination to incubate eggs and care for chicks. Some chicken breeds, including heritage breeds like Redcaps, retain a higher tendency towards broodiness compared to more modern commercial breeds that have been selectively bred to minimize this behavior.

Redcap hens can exhibit broody behavior, but the extent of broodiness can vary among individuals and lines. Some Redcap hens might go broody more frequently than others, while others may hardly ever show broodiness. Factors that can influence broodiness include genetics, age, environmental conditions, and the presence of fertilized eggs.

If you want to encourage broodiness in your Redcap hens for hatching eggs, providing a comfortable and secluded nesting area with suitable eggs can trigger broody behavior. However, if you’re focused on egg production and want to discourage broodiness, regularly collecting eggs, providing proper lighting, and ensuring good ventilation can help minimize the likelihood of hens becoming broodied.

It’s important to note that broody hens will stop laying eggs during the brooding period, which can last several weeks until the chicks hatch. If you’re interested in both egg production and hatching chicks, you can manage your flock accordingly by selecting hens with a higher tendency for broodiness when you’re ready to hatch eggs.

Is Redcap Chicken Rare?

Yes, Redcap chickens, also known as Derbyshire Redcaps, are considered a rare and heritage breed. Like many traditional poultry breeds, Redcaps have faced a decline in population and popularity over the years due to the rise of commercial poultry farming and the dominance of highly specialized modern breeds. This decline in numbers has led to their classification as a rare breed.

Efforts have been made by poultry enthusiasts, conservation organizations, and breeders to preserve and promote Redcap chickens and other heritage breeds. These efforts include breeding programs, educational initiatives, and participation in poultry shows and exhibitions to raise awareness about the value of maintaining genetic diversity in poultry populations.

While the exact numbers of Redcap chickens in existence can vary, their rarity adds to their appeal for those interested in supporting and preserving traditional breeds. By raising and breeding Redcaps, individuals and groups contribute to the conservation of genetic diversity and help prevent the loss of valuable traits that these breeds bring to the world of poultry farming.

The Bottom Line

The Redcap chicken is a stunning and unique breed that has captured the hearts of poultry enthusiasts worldwide. With its distinctive red cap and elegant appearance, this bird stands out in any flock.

Originating from England, the Redcap chicken has a rich history dating back centuries. Despite being rare today, it still holds an important place in preserving our agricultural heritage.

With their bold and confident nature, these chickens are known for their lively behavior and friendly temperament. They are highly active birds that thrive when given space to roam freely.

While they may not be prolific layers like some other breeds, Redcap hens still produce a respectable number of white eggs each year. Additionally, their broodiness makes them excellent mothers if you’re interested in breeding or expanding your flock naturally.

Whether you’re looking for a striking addition to your backyard flock or want to delve into the world of heritage poultry breeds, the Redcap chicken is worth considering.

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