Wednesday, February 21Food Security Matters

Jersey Giant Chicken Breed Profile and Characteristics

Are you looking for a chicken breed that will provide both beauty and productivity to your backyard coop? Look no further than the Jersey Giant Chicken! This magnificent bird boasts impressive size, striking plumage, and excellent egg-laying capabilities. But what else should you know about this regal fowl? In this article, we’ll delve into the history and characteristics of the Jersey Giant Chicken, as well as its behavior and suitability for your flock. Let’s explore why this breed is truly a giant among chickens!

Jersey Giant Chicken Background and History

The Jersey Giant Chicken is a breed that was developed in New Jersey, United States, in the mid-1800s. Its creation aimed to produce a bird that could rival the popular turkey as a source of meat for American tables.

One of its forefathers is believed to be the Black Java chicken, which has since gone extinct. Another possible ancestor is the Dark Brahma chicken.

Initially named “Black Giants,” these birds were selectively bred for their size and robustness by several families in New Jersey. By 1921, they had been renamed “Jersey Giants” and were recognized as an official breed by the American Poultry Association.

jersey giant
Jersey Giant

Despite being initially bred for their meat production, Jersey Giants quickly became sought after for their ornamental qualities thanks to their impressive stature and striking black plumage.

Today, this magnificent bird remains one of America’s most beloved heritage breeds – loved not just for its beauty but also its sweet nature and egg-laying abilities.

Purpose of Jersey Giant Chicken

The Jersey Giant chicken was developed in the United States in the late 19th century and it was mainly bred for its meat. It is one of the largest chicken breeds available today, with males weighing up to 13 pounds and females up to 10 pounds. This makes them an ideal choice for those who are looking to raise chickens for their meat.

But while they were primarily bred as meat birds, Jersey Giants can also be used as egg layers. They are known to lay large brown eggs and can produce around 180-200 eggs per year when well cared for.

In addition to their practical purposes, Jersey Giants are also popular among backyard chicken keepers because of their docile nature. They have a gentle temperament and enjoy human interaction which makes them great pets too.

Whether you’re raising chickens for meat production or simply want some friendly farm animals that will supply you with fresh eggs regularly, the Jersey Giant is worth considering!

Physical Characteristics

The Jersey Giant chicken is one of the largest chicken breeds in the world. This breed has massive bodies, large legs, and feet that are yellow or black colored, making them stand out from other chicken breeds. The bird’s body is long and rectangular with a broad back that gradually tapers towards its tail.

Their feathers come in three different colors – Black, White, and Blue. Black Jersey Giants have black feathers that shine with green iridescence under direct sunlight. The white ones have pure white feathers while the blue ones have shades of gray mixed with light blue hues on their feathers.

Jersey Giants’ eyes are dark brown or black, but they still stand out because of their size; they’re relatively big compared to other chickens’ eyes. The comb and wattles also add to their unique appearance as both are deep red.

When it comes to weight, the males can weigh up to 13 pounds while females can reach up to 10 pounds making them one of the heaviest bird breeds around! These birds take longer than most breeds before reaching maturity so you’ll need patience when raising them.

Jersey Giant Chickens’ physical characteristics make them easy-to-recognize birds – tall-statured creatures donning beautiful plumage ranging from vivid blacks to lustrous blues paired with chunky frames all together creating an impressive sight for any poultry enthusiast!

Behavior and Temperament

The Jersey Giant Chicken is known for its docile and friendly temperament, making it a great addition to any backyard flock. These chickens are calm and gentle, which makes them easy to handle and perfect for families with children.

Unlike some other breeds that can be flighty or aggressive, the Jersey Giant is generally very relaxed around people. They tend to be curious birds and will often follow their owners around the yard or garden.

Jersey Giants also get along well with other chickens, making them an ideal choice if you already have an existing flock. They rarely engage in any aggressive behavior towards other birds, although they may establish a pecking order within the group.

However, while they are friendly towards people and fellow chickens alike, Jersey Giants can sometimes be shy or nervous around new situations or environments. It’s important to provide these birds with plenty of space to roam freely so that they feel comfortable in their surroundings.

The gentle temperament of the Jersey Giant Chicken makes it a wonderful choice for anyone looking for a friendly and easygoing bird that will fit in well with family life.

Egg Production and Broodiness

One of the most interesting aspects of Jersey Giant chickens is their egg production and broodiness. While many breeds are known for high egg production, Jersey Giants may not be the top choice for those looking to collect a large number of eggs daily.

On average, a Jersey Giant hen will lay around 150-200 brown eggs per year. This is significantly lower than breeds like Leghorns or Rhode Island Reds which can lay upwards of 300 eggs per year. However, what they lack in quantity, they make up for in quality.

Jersey Giant eggs are noticeably larger than other breeds and have richer yolks due to their diet and lifestyle. Additionally, while some breeds become broody (meaning they want to sit on their eggs and hatch them), Jersey Giants tend to be less prone to this behavior which can make collecting eggs easier.

If you’re looking for a breed solely for egg production then there may be better options out there. However, if you value quality over quantity and don’t mind slightly fewer eggs with larger yolks then the Jersey Giant could be an excellent choice.

Jersey Giant Diseases

As with any chicken breed, Jersey Giants are susceptible to a variety of diseases and health issues. One common issue among larger breeds like the Jersey Giant is leg problems, such as sprains or strains due to their size. It’s important to provide them with enough space and proper bedding to prevent these types of injuries.

Another common health concern for chickens, in general, is parasites, such as mites or lice. Regularly checking your birds for signs of infestation and treating them promptly can help prevent the spread of parasites throughout your flock.

Respiratory illnesses are also a possibility for Jersey Giants, just like any other chicken breed. These issues can be caused by poor ventilation in their coop or exposure to damp conditions. Keeping their living area clean and dry can help reduce the risk of respiratory infections.

It’s important to keep an eye out for any unusual behavior or symptoms in your birds and consult with a veterinarian if you suspect a serious health problem. Providing your chickens with adequate care and attention will go a long way toward keeping them healthy!

Is the Jersey Giant Chicken Right for You?

So, you’ve read about the history, physical characteristics, behavior temperament, and egg production of Jersey Giant chickens. But is this breed right for you? Let’s take a closer look.

Firstly, if you’re looking for a chicken that will lay eggs consistently throughout the year then the Jersey Giant may not be your best option. While they do produce large brown eggs, they are prone to going broody which means they will stop laying until their chicks hatch.

On the other hand, if you’re interested in breeding or simply enjoy having fertilized eggs to hatch (or sell), then the Jersey Giant could be perfect. They make great mothers and are known for being excellent sitters.

Another factor to consider is space. These birds can grow up to 13 pounds and require plenty of room to move around comfortably. If you have limited space or live in an urban area with small backyards then perhaps another breed would suit you better.

It’s important to remember that every chicken has its personality – just like people! Some Jersey Giants can be more docile than others while some may be feisty or even aggressive at times.

Before deciding on any breed of chicken it’s important to research thoroughly and consider your circumstances carefully before committing.

Questions Related to Jersey Giant Chicken

Are Jersey Giant chickens good to eat?

Jersey Giants are dual-purpose chickens, but they excel as meat birds with their body size. They are well-suited to producing very fine and large capons and are excellent roasting birds when fully mature. Their meat is reportedly excellent, and one bird can feed a family of four.

Is the Jersey Giant the biggest chicken?

The largest chicken in the world is the Jersey Giant chicken. These huge birds originated in New Jersey in northeast America and can weigh up to 13 pounds. Known for being a docile breed with an excellent temperament, Jersey giants are slow growers but make excellent pets for anyone prepared to take care of them.

How big can a Jersey Giant chicken get?

The Jersey Giant is a regal and imposing chicken to behold.

This giant chicken stands around 2 feet tall and can weigh up to 15lb. Initially, small children may be intimidated by their size but they soon grow to love them!

Are Jersey Giant chickens rare?

Jersey Giant chickens, the largest of all the chickens, are one of those rare breeds that really shouldn’t be rare.

What are the disadvantages of Jersey Giant chickens?

Because Jersey Giant chickens are so large, they can be heavy eaters. They will also need a little extra space in the coop and run because of their huge size. Jersey Giant chickens are not ideal for anyone who lives in a hot climate because they have so many feathers that they may overheat quickly.

Are Jersey Giant Roosters aggressive?

The Jersey Giant is a calm and docile breed. The cocks are rarely aggressive. The hens lay very large brown eggs, and are fair layers overall, known particularly as good winter layers. The birds are robust and fairly cold-hardy.


To summarize, the Jersey Giant Chicken is a large and impressive bird that has been around for over a century. They were originally bred as meat birds but have since become popular in backyard flocks due to their gentle nature and high egg production.

These chickens come in both black and white varieties, with smooth and shiny feathers that make them easy to care for. They are also known for being calm and friendly, making them great pets for families with children or those looking to start a backyard flock.

While they do require some additional space due to their size, the benefits of owning Jersey Giants far outweigh any extra effort needed. With proper care, these birds can provide both delicious meat and plenty of eggs throughout the year.

If you’re considering adding Jersey Giants to your flock, be sure to research any potential health issues they may face and ensure you have enough room for them to thrive. The Jersey Giant Chicken is an excellent choice for anyone looking for a gentle giant that provides both meat and eggs while also making a great pet!

See Also:


Facebook Comments Box

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *