Mugellese chicken, also known as Mugginese, is a rustic dual-purpose chicken breed from Tuscany, in central Italy. It gets its name from Mugello, an area northeast of Florence. They were common until the 1950s but became rare in the second half of the 20th century. Now they are in a phase of recovery, selection, and improvement.
The breed is not currently recognized in Italy but has been under review by the Technical Committee of the Italian Federation of Poultry Associations in the hope of preserving the breed and developing a breed standard.
Mugellese Chicken Characteristics
The Mugellese chicken is a small breed of chicken (a true bantam. It has a simple 4 to 6-point crest. The earlobes can be red or white, the latter preferred by breeders. The average weight of the Roosters is 0.8 kg (1.8 lb), while hens can weigh 0.7 kg (1.5 lb) Eggs are small and ivory-white.
The most common colors are dark gold (partridge) and gold neck. The fur is white and the legs are pale or flesh-colored.
The Mugellese are an active and lively breed. Although they are small, roosters are very aggressive towards other roosters. Chickens are good mothers and can sit to hatch most of the year. The birds are robust and resistant to heat and cold and can be kept in the open all year round. If allowed, they perch in the trees. Their egg production is moderate (less than 100 eggs per year)
Mugellese chicken History
This poultry breed was widespread until the middle of the 20th century in some Tuscan localities, particularly in Mugello (Florence), an area from which it also inherited the name.
The Mugellese is a traditional Tuscan chicken breed of uncertain origin. It was once kept extensively in the Tuscan countryside and in the gardens or on the balconies of townhouses, perhaps as a pet.
It was traditional for grandparents to give a pair of Mugelleses to a child who had reached an age to care for them. Once very common, they became rare in the second half of the 20th century; now it is in a phase of recovery, selection, and improvement.
In early 2012, the Mugellese was not officially recognized by the Italian Federation of Poultry Associations but was under consideration. An exposure draft had been prepared but had not yet been approved.
Frequently Asked Questions ABout Mugellese Chicken
What is the Mugellese chicken breed?
The Mugellese chicken breed is a traditional Italian breed of chicken originating from the Mugello region in Tuscany, Italy. It is known for its distinct appearance and characteristics.
What does a Mugellese chicken look like?
Mugellese chickens have a unique and eye-catching appearance. They are characterized by their long, flowing feathers and a striking combination of colors. They typically have dark feathers with white and golden accents, including feathered legs and crests on their heads.
What is the size of Mugellese chickens?
Mugellese chickens are generally a small to medium-sized breed. They are not typically raised for meat production but rather for ornamental purposes or as pets.
Are Mugellese chickens good egg layers?
Mugellese chickens are not known for their egg-laying abilities. They are considered to be rather poor layers, with a low to moderate egg production rate. If you’re looking for high egg production, other breeds may be more suitable.
What is the temperament of Mugellese chickens?
Mugellese chickens are known for their friendly and docile temperament. They are generally easy to handle and make good pets, particularly for people who appreciate their unique appearance and personality.
Do Mugellese chickens require any special care?
Mugellese chickens do not have any specific care requirements that differ significantly from other chicken breeds. They need the basics like shelter, food, clean water, and protection from predators. However, their feathered legs may require some extra attention to ensure they remain clean and free from debris.
Can Mugellese chickens be raised in cold climates?
Mugellese chickens can adapt to a range of climates, including cold ones. Their feathers provide some insulation against cold temperatures, but providing them with adequate shelter and protection from extreme weather is essential.
Where can I find Mugellese chickens?
Mugellese chickens are not as common as some other chicken breeds, so finding them may be a bit more challenging. You can try contacting local breeders or poultry enthusiasts who specialize in rare and heritage breeds. Additionally, you may find them at poultry shows or through online breeders and forums.
Are Mugellese chickens recognized by poultry associations?
Mugellese chickens may not be officially recognized by all poultry associations, as they are a relatively rare and localized breed. However, some organizations or clubs dedicated to rare and heritage poultry breeds may recognize them.
What is the purpose of raising Mugellese chickens?
Mugellese chickens are primarily raised for ornamental and exhibition purposes due to their unique and attractive appearance. While they may not be the best choice for egg or meat production, they can make lovely and friendly additions to a backyard flock.
The little Mugellese, who once inhabited the Tuscan farms and was known to everyone, became a relic breed, survived by chance and rudeness in some isolated areas and in houses of fans of the breed, where tradition and love for this cute animal made him resist changing them.
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