Saturday, May 18Food Security Matters

Mericanel della Brianza Chicken

Mericanel della Brianza is a breed of Bantam chicken native to Lombardy, Italy. It takes its name from the historic geographical area of ​​Brianza in Milan and was developed in the early 1900s, by crossing local dwarf chickens. The breed was recognized in 2012, and it is the only recognized bantam developed in Italy.

Mericanel della Brianza breed characteristics

The Mericanel della Brianza has a simple 5-point crest and red earlobes. The average weight for roosters is 0.7–0.8 kg (1.5–1.8 lb), while hens weigh about 0.6–0.7 kg (1.3–1.5 lb). The eggs range from cream to light brown and weigh approximately 35g.

Mericanel-della-Brianza
Mericanel della Brianza roster

Breed varieties

Eight varieties of colors are recognized for this breed, including white, black, silver, gold, Pyle, and black with white spots. The skin and legs are yellow.

Mericanel della Brianza breed history

The breed is named after Brianza, a mountainous geographical area that extends north and northeast of Milan, in the cities of Monza e della Brianza, Lecco, and the province of Como, and includes a small part of the province of Milan. It is one of the few dwarfs or bantam breeds in Italy, the others are the Mugellese and the Pépoi.

Mericanel della Brianza breed development

The Mericanel della Brianza is a traditional breed of chicken from Lombardy and was selectively bred from local dwarf strains in the early 1900s. Recent attention from breeders has led to a phase of recognition, selection, and recovery.

Recognition

At the beginning of 2012, the bird was the only Italian Bantam breed officially recognized by the Italian Federation of Poultry Breeders; the breed standard was approved in 1996.

On the brink of extinction

Breed numbers remain low. A study published in 2007 used a figure of about 350 for the total breeding stock, of which about 50 were roosters.

Additional data

In Italy, 90 local avian breeds were described, the majority (61%) were classified as extinct and only 8.9% are in recovery. Therefore, efforts for the conservation of Italian avian breeds are urgently required.

The objective of this article and the blog, in general, is to disseminate the history and reproductive performance of the different traditional breeds of poultry, in this case; We see the case of the Italian breed Mericanel della Brianza, which requires urgent diffusion to multiply its very small population.

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