Ringworm, also referred to as favus (buni ng manok), is a fungal skin infection caused by a fungus–or more specifically a group of fungi called dermatophytes. The most common dermatophyte species that infect birds are Microsporum gallinae and Trichophyton megini.
Affected chickens may initially develop white, powdery spots and wrinkled crusted along with scabs along their comb and wattles, and sometimes legs. As the infection progresses, the fungus will start to spread to other areas of the head, causing the skin to thicken and appear crusty and scaly. In long-standing or severe cases it may result in permanent damage to their beak and eyelids.
Many poultry drugs can be used to treat ringworms but proper care is still needed, and sometimes, home remedy or organic is still the best.
In this article, we are going to give you the best cure without going into a complicated process. Ringworms can be viral and contagious and if not properly handled can infect a lot of your birds. Ringworms are also extremely uncomfortable for chickens which could affect layers and also lose their appetite.
There are several ways to treat ringworms and we discuss only the ways we have tested so far already and have given us great results.
1. Virgin Coconut oil
Virgin coconut oil is so far the best non-chemical product to use and can be purchased in drugstores. First, clean the affected area with water and detergent. Make sure to remove all powdery scabs like dandruff. Dry the skin with a clean cloth and start applying virgin coconut oil over the infected skin. Repeat the application of virgin coconut oil for 3 days.
2. Akapulko / Palochina and Kakawati (Madre de cacao) leaves
Akapulko or palochina is the best herbal treatment for a variety of skin diseases even in humans. These include scabies, ringworms, and other skin infectious diseases. Ground a mixture of kakawati and palochina leaves and then rub the ground leaves with their juice on the affected area. Make sure all scabs are removed. Repeat the process daily for 3 days. The ringworms will eventually disappear.
3. Eskinol (Master or for Women)
Eskinol is another great product to use on chicken ringworms. Clean the affected area with water and detergent and apply Eskinol using cotton buds like the way you use it on your skin. Eskinol can dry the affected areas in just three days of continuous application.
4. LC – Micotopic Lotion
LC – Micotopic Lotion is a topical antifungal agent acting against common fungi, dermatophytes, and yeasts that infect dogs, cats, and fighting cocks. For the control of ringworm caused by Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp., and other miconazole-susceptible fungi.
How to use:
SKIN: Clip affected area where possible. Apply a thin layer of the lotion sufficient to cover the affected area twice a day using cotton wool. Continue application for 2 weeks after the condition is resolved. In severe cases, topical application alone may be inadequate. If no significant improvement occurs after 2 weeks, try the first two methods above or consult your veterinarian.
EARS: Clean the affected ear before application. Instill 3-5 drops twice daily. Massage the ear gently to ensure the even distribution of the lotion.
5. H-U-S Cream
H-U-S Cream is a very effective drug for poultry skin diseases. It is used to control and treatment of skin and superficial lesions, ulcers, and eczematous dermatitis in fowl and large animals. Wash and cleanse affected areas thoroughly. Apply daily. Do not exceed 5 days of treatment.
There are other drugs and ways how to treat and cure buni but the above 5 ways were tested by us especially the virgin coconut oil, akapulko/kakawati, and eskinol as these are always readily available.
FAQ About Chicken Ringworms
Ringworm is a common fungal infection that can affect various animals, including chickens. Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about chicken ringworm:
What is chicken ringworm?
Chicken ringworm, also known as avian ringworm, is a fungal infection that affects chickens. It’s caused by dermatophyte fungi, including species like Trichophyton and Microsporum.
How do chickens get ringworm?
Chickens can contract ringworm from contact with contaminated surfaces, equipment, or other infected birds. The fungus can thrive in warm and humid environments, such as chicken coops, which makes chickens susceptible to infection.
What are the symptoms of chicken ringworm?
Symptoms of chicken ringworm may include feather loss, scaly or crusty skin, redness, and irritation. The affected areas may look circular, and the skin can become thickened or swollen.
Can humans get ringworms from chickens?
Yes, ringworm is zoonotic, which means it can be transmitted from animals to humans. If you handle infected chickens or come into contact with contaminated surfaces, you can contract ringworm. It typically appears as a circular, red, and itchy rash on human skin.
How is chicken ringworm diagnosed?
A veterinarian can diagnose chicken ringworm by examining the affected birds and performing fungal cultures or microscopic examinations of skin scrapings. This helps confirm the presence of dermatophyte fungi.
How is chicken ringworm treated?
Treatment typically involves antifungal medications, such as topical creams or ointments. In some cases, oral antifungal medications may be necessary. Additionally, improving hygiene and reducing environmental factors that favor fungal growth in the coop can help prevent reinfection.
How can I prevent chicken ringworm?
To prevent chicken ringworm, practice good coop hygiene by keeping the environment clean and dry. Quarantine new birds before introducing them to the flock to prevent the spread of infections. Regularly inspect your chickens for signs of ringworm and isolate any infected individuals. Wearing gloves when handling birds and maintaining proper personal hygiene can also reduce the risk of transmission to humans.
Can infected chickens recover from ringworm?
With appropriate treatment and care, infected chickens can recover from ringworm. It’s important to follow your veterinarian’s recommendations for medication and environmental management to ensure a full recovery.
Can I eat the eggs or meat of a chicken with ringworm?
There is no evidence to suggest that the fungal infection in a chicken with ringworm can affect the safety of its eggs or meat. However, it’s always important to follow proper food safety and hygiene practices when handling and consuming poultry products.
How long does it take for chicken ringworm to go away?
The duration of treatment and recovery can vary depending on the severity of the infection and how well the treatment is administered. It may take several weeks for the symptoms to completely resolve.
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