Wednesday, February 28Food Security Matters

How to Treat Chicken Colds and Coryza

How to treat chicken colds and other respiratory diseases like halak, pisik, and coryza are some of the most challenging poultry diseases. Chicken colds and coryza are some of the hardest poultry diseases to treat and cure and not all drugs can be effective. Sometimes, Vetracine gold may work with other chickens but may not with other breeds. It always depends on many factors and the cause and source of diseases.

Why chickens get colds

There are many factors why chickens are infected with colds but cold weather and contaminated water and solids are the majority of teh reasons. When chickens drink water heated by the sun, they’ll get cold. When the weather is cold, they’ll get cold. When the weather is too hot and they drink cold water, they may also get cold. When the soil is contaminated with a variety of bacteria, they’ll get colds. See, the number of reasons is endless, therefore, it is better to always be prepared. Knowing the local drugs that can be purchased to treat colds is very important.

How to treat chicken colds
Chicken with Coryza

How to treat chicken colds: 10 antibiotics for immediate treatment.

1. Baytril (Enrofloxacin)

Available as an oral solution, injectable, and tablets, Baytril is indicated for therapy of bacterial infections due to colibacillosis, fowl cholera, infectious coryza, and salmonellosis of broiler chickens, growing pullets, broiler, and layer breeder birds as well as an aid in therapy of mycoplasmal infections due to Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. synoviae. Baytril is manufactured by Bayer and its genetic name is Enrofloxacin.

2. Premoxil

Premoxil is one of the most popular poultry drugs in the Philippines. Available in water-soluble powder, tablets, and capsules, Promixl is the only poultry Antibiotic in the market with Paracetamol. It is specially formulated to give younger chickens faster relief from sickness. This product is now repackaged in a new box for a more exciting and vibrant look. Premoxil indications include prevention of wound infections, treatment of CRD, Pullorum, Coryza, swollen head syndrome, bumblefoot, and other bacterial infections caused by organisms sensitive to Amoxicillin and Tylosin.

3. Paracure Capsule

Paracure is manufactured by Mad Science and contains Co-Amoxiclav + Tilmicosin + Flumequin. It is effective in the treatment o diarrhea, salmonellosis, Infectious Coryza, Chronic Respiratory Disease CRD, and fight wounds. Paracure is available in many poultry supply stores nationwide.

4. Vetracin Gold

Vetracin is probably the most popular drug that every chicken raiser is familiar with. The Vetracin brand is created for the Treatment and control of swine pneumonia, neonatal and post-weaning scours, swine dysentery, cervical abscess, leptospirosis, and other infections susceptible to doxycycline and tiamulin. Fighting cocks, Broilers, and Layers: Treatment and control of Chronic Respiratory Disease, and other respiratory and enteric diseases like infectious coryza, infectious synovitis, fowl cholera, salmonellosis, and E. coli infections.

5. Trisullak

Trisullak is available in both tablet and injectable. It is made for the prevention and treatment of Fowl Cholera, Fowl Typhoid, Salmonellosis, Mastitis, Metritis, Agalactiae, Pneumonia, and Dysentry. It is also effective against secondary infections after viral diseases and stress.

6. Bacterid (Enrofloxacin)

Bacterid (Enrofloxacin) injectable is made for the treatment of bacterial and mycoplasmal pneumonia (Pasteurella, Bordetella, Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, Erysipelothrix, Mycoplasma spp.), colibacillosis and enteritis, skin and soft tissue infections in swine, fighting cocks and ruminants.

7. Dovitron

Comes in water-soluble powder, Dovitron is a broad-spectrum antibiotic with essential vitamins that prevent and control complicated Chronic Respiratory Disease (CCRD), Coryza, Fowl Cholera, and E. coli infections. Supportive Therapy increases resistance during stress conditions such as vaccinations, changes in feeds, molting, beak trimming, and high temperatures. Promotes early recovery from disease. Dovitron should not be used in layer hens producing eggs for human consumption, and should not be given to pregnant animals in the last 2 – 3 weeks of pregnancy and up to 4 weeks of age in neonates.

8. Amtyl 500

Amtyl 500 is very popular with gamefowl breeders. It is created to Treat the chronic respiratory disease, infectious coryza, pullo­rum, swollen head syndrome, salmo­nellosis, pasteurellosis, erysipelas, llll Actino­bacillus jjjj-caused pneumonia, bumblefoot infection, and other bacterial disorders caused by organisms sus­cep­tible to amoxicillin and tylosin.

9. Ambroxitil

Ambroxitil Water Soluble Powder contains Amoxicillin + Tylosin + Bromhexine. It claims to be the number 1 antibiotic for chicks against Coryza (pisik), CRD (halak), Fowl Pox (bulutong), and Colibacillosis (yellowish diarrhea)

10. L-SPEC

L-SPEC injectable contains Lincomycin + Spectinomycin. The premium antibiotic with dual action in one strength, L-SPEC contains a powerful combination of Lincomycin and Spectinomycin.

L-SPEC is manufactured to prevent and treat fowl cholera, infectious coryza, chronic respiratory disease, salmonellosis (yellowish droppings), bacterial enteritis, and mycoplasma synoviae.

Frequently Asked Questions About Colds in Chickens

While chickens are generally hardy birds, they can still be susceptible to colds and respiratory infections. Here are some frequently asked questions about colds in chickens:

Can chickens get colds?

Yes, chickens can suffer from respiratory infections that are often colloquially referred to as “colds.” These infections are usually caused by viruses or bacteria.

What are the symptoms of a cold in chickens?

Common symptoms include sneezing, coughing, nasal discharge, swollen eyes, lethargy, decreased appetite, and a drop in egg production. In severe cases, respiratory distress may occur.

How do chickens catch colds?

Chickens can contract respiratory infections through direct contact with infected birds, contaminated feed or water, and exposure to a stressful environment. Poor ventilation in the coop can also contribute to the spread of respiratory diseases.

Can colds in chickens be treated?

Mild respiratory infections may resolve on their own, but more severe cases may require veterinary attention. Antibiotics are often prescribed for bacterial infections, but viral infections may not have a specific treatment.

How can I prevent my chickens from getting colds?

Maintain a clean and well-ventilated coop, practice good biosecurity measures, quarantine new birds before introducing them to the flock, and provide a well-balanced diet to support their immune system.

Should I isolate a chicken with a cold from the rest of the flock?

Yes, it’s a good idea to isolate a sick chicken to prevent the spread of the infection to the rest of the flock. This also allows you to monitor the sick chicken more closely.

How long does it take for a chicken to recover from a cold?

The recovery time depends on the severity of the infection and the individual bird’s health. Mild cases may resolve in a week or two, while more severe cases may take longer. Some chickens may become carriers of the virus or bacteria even after apparent recovery.

Can I eat the eggs from a chicken with a cold?

It’s generally safe to consume eggs from a chicken with a mild respiratory infection. However, if the chicken is being treated with antibiotics, it’s advisable to discard the eggs for the duration of the treatment and the specified withdrawal period.

When should I consult a veterinarian?

If you notice severe respiratory distress, or persistent symptoms, or if a significant portion of your flock is affected, it’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Can chickens be vaccinated against respiratory infections?

There are vaccines available for some respiratory diseases in chickens, such as infectious bronchitis. Consult with a poultry veterinarian to determine the appropriate vaccination program for your flock based on regional risks and conditions.

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