Wednesday, February 21Food Security Matters

Duck Farming in the Philippines: How to Raise Ducks

Duck farming in the Philippines is a very profitable business especially if your very purpose is to produce eggs or make balut. Compared to chicken eggs, duck eggs are bigger, tastier, and more sought after by consumers.

Duck Breeds and Characteristics

There are different breeds of ducks here in the Philippines, there are ducks that are raised for meat, and there are also types of ducks that lay eggs.

The laying duck is better known here in the Philippines, they are smaller than other species, but they lay bigger eggs. These eggs are popular due to balut which is laid by Mallard Ducks or Pateros Ducks.

mallard-duck-farming
Pair of Mallard ducks

Their main colors are black, gray, and speckled stains. The duck egg is the main wrapped egg that is a favorite of Filipinos. One of the characteristics of the duck is its ability to lay eggs every day when it is full. However most duck breeds do not know how to incubate their eggs, and they are not in the habit of caring for and guarding their eggs. That is why ducks need proper management.

Duck Farming: How to Care for Ducks

Duck farming and caring are not difficult because they do not just get sick.

The only important thing is that they should always be full because it is important in their spawning.

So here are the steps of proper duck care:

  • Only buy an initial breeder from a reliable duck breeder. In breeding use 1 male for every 5 hens. Let’s choose a breeder that is energetic, healthy, and without disorders.
  • Care for and feed duck breeders well until they lay eggs.
  • We could also make a pond or duck bath that is 10 feet wide and 20 feet long for 50 ducks but that is optional, and that will not affect the spawning of the ducks.
  • The duck will start laying eggs at the age of 4-6 months. In other breeds, it takes 6-7 months.
  • Caring for eggs. Take care and preserve its eggs until they hatch. NOTE: Use an incubator for handling eggs until they hatch.
  • The chicks first need to be warmed until they are just a month old. The temperature or heat the chicks need is 95 degrees Fahrenheit for the first week, 90 degrees Fahrenheit in the second week, 85 degrees Fahrenheit for the third week, and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the last week.
  • After that, the ducks can be released into their vast pastures such as fields or paddy fields, where they will look for food themselves.
  • But before that can happen, the ducks will need a shepherd to train and supervise them.

Duck Cage and Coop

Ducks need proper housing to better care for them.

  • The duck house needs to be built in areas that are not close to footpaths or vehicles, have good ventilation, and good water supply.
  • Local materials such as bamboo, nipa, coco-lumber, roofing, and cogon can be used.
  • These materials are cheaper and better to use for the house of ducks than other types of materials.
  • The wall must be open for air to enter. Bamboo slats, wire creatures, and nylon nets are commonly used as walls.
  • The housing measuring 16 square meters and 3 meters high can accommodate 100 ducks. So if there are 500 ducks, its housing should have an area of ​​80 square meters. The crowded area causes the ducks to sting and injure each other. Each duck should be given a place in the cage with a width of 0.16 square meters.
  • The soil can be covered with clean mulch, corn husks, peanut husks, and other similar materials. This is done to keep the floor dry and prevent pain.
  • Install a net or bamboo fence just high enough. Group one-year-old ducks in a cage. Ducks of different ages quarrel when they are together in the same place. The little ducks are pushed and poked by the older ducks and robbed of the dining area.
  • At dawn, the duck lays its eggs. They lay their eggs in the place where they sleep. Placing chaff or sawdust in this area will help greatly in maintaining the cleanliness of the eggs and even the duck coop.

Questions Related to Duck Farming in the Philippines

How do you raise ducks in the Philippines?

Free-range duck farming is the traditional way of raising native ducks since the birds are allowed to graze and scavenge on newly harvested rice fields. A temporary fence and shelter made from fishnets are established to allow ducks a place to rest during the afternoon.

Where is the duck-raising industry in the Philippines?

In the Philippines, most of the duck egg production (60% of the total in the country) comes from Central Luzon, Western Visayas, and Northern Mindanao, according to the PSA.

How much does a duck cost in the Philippines?

Philippines duck meat wholesale price. In 2022, the approximate price range for Philippines Duck Meat is between US$ 3.47 and US$ 4.87 per kilogram or between US$ 1.57 and US$ 2.21 per pound(lb). The price in the Philippine peso is PHP 167.68 per kg.

Is duck farming profitable in the Philippines?

Duck Raising is a lucrative livestock industry in the Philippines because of its egg. Its most important product, the balut (boiled incubated duck’s egg), is sold daily throughout the archipelago for its delicious flavor and nutritive value.

What are the disadvantages of duck production?

A disadvantage of ducks, when kept in confinement and fed balanced rations, is their high feed wastage, due to the shovel-shape of their bills. This makes their feed use less efficient, which goes to explain why their meat and eggs are more expensive than those of chickens.

How much are duck eggs in the Philippines?

These regions accounted for 83.1 percent of the country’s total duck egg production. From January to March 2022, the average farmgate price of duck eggs in commercial farms was quoted at PhP 7.00 per piece or equivalent to a decline of -2.9 percent from the previous year’s same-period average price of PhP 7.21 per piece.

What do you feed ducks in the Philippines?

For maximum growth, ducks should be fed with natural, local feeds such as empty grains (rice), rice and corn bran, ipil-ipil leaves, golden snails, duckweed, Azolla, banana trunks, worms, etc. They should be fed three times a day and provided with fresh water.

How many months does it take for a duck to grow?

Ducklings are fully grown in about 30 days. They require a long-term commitment from their owner, as they can live 10 years or longer. Once domesticated ducklings become dependent on a person for food and care, you cannot just turn them loose in the wild and expect them to survive.

Is duck meat popular in the Philippines?

In 2021, around 15.62 million ducks were slaughtered for meat production in the Philippines, down from the previous year’s total. The total number of ducks slaughtered for meat production in the country reached its peak in 2016.

What kind of duck breeds are good for raising in the Philippines?

The native Pateros duck commonly called itik, is the most popularly raised locally. Although smaller than the imported breed of ducks, they are good layers and non-sitters. This type of duck produces large eggs. The itik is characterized by predominant colors black and gray.

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