Tuesday, March 5Food Security Matters

Barred Plymouth Rock Hen Profile and Characteristics

Are you looking for a beautiful, friendly, and productive addition to your backyard flock? Look no further than the Barred Plymouth Rock hen! This classic breed has been a favorite of poultry keepers for over a century, thanks to its stunning black-and-white striped plumage and gentle disposition. But there’s more to these birds than just good looks – they’re also excellent layers of large brown eggs and are known to be hardy and easy to care for. In this article, we’ll take an in-depth look at the Barred Plymouth Rock hen’s background, physical characteristics, behavior, egg production, and breeding – everything you need to know before adding one (or several!) of these lovely ladies to your flock.

Barred Plymouth Rock Background and History

The Barred Plymouth Rock, also known as the “Barred Rock,” is a breed that originated in 19th-century America. It was developed in New England by crossing Dominique chickens with other breeds, including possibly Black Java and Cochin.

Barred Rock hen

The resulting birds were hardy and had good layers of brown eggs, making them popular among farmers and backyard poultry keepers alike. The Barred Plymouth Rock was once one of the most common breeds in the United States – so much so that it became known as “the farmer’s favorite.”

Despite its popularity, however, the breed fell out of favor in the mid-20th century as commercial hybrid breeds gained dominance. But thanks to dedicated breeders and enthusiasts, it has made a comeback in recent years and is now recognized by organizations such as the American Poultry Association.

Today’s Barred Plymouth Rocks are descendants of those original birds from New England farms over a century ago. While they may no longer be considered “the farmer’s favorite,” they remain a beloved breed among backyard chicken keepers for their beauty, productivity, and gentle personalities.

Barred Plymouth Rock Hen Physical Characteristics

Barred Plymouth Rock hens are medium-sized birds that have a distinctive barred black and white feather pattern. They have yellow legs and beaks, with bright red wattles and combs on top of their head.

The Barred Rock hen has a sturdy frame, broad shoulders, and a deep body. On average, they weigh between 7-8 pounds when fully matured. Roosters tend to be slightly larger than hens.

Their plumage is quite striking – the barring pattern is uniform across the entire body except for the head which is solid black or dark grey. The feathers of the Barred Rock hen are also relatively loose-fitting compared to other breeds.

One unique trait about these birds is that their egg production doesn’t affect their physical appearance, unlike other breeds where laying eggs can lead to weight loss or reduced feather quality.

The Barred Plymouth Rock hen’s physical characteristics make them an attractive addition to any backyard flock due to their hardiness, striking appearance, and consistent egg-laying abilities.

Barred Rock Hen Behaviour and Temperament

Barred Plymouth Rock Hens are known for their gentle and docile disposition, making them a popular choice among backyard flock owners. They are friendly towards humans and get along well with other chickens.

These birds have a curious nature, often spending their days exploring the coop and surrounding area. However, they tend to stay close to home and don’t wander too far away from the safety of their flock.

Barred Rocks are also very adaptable birds that can handle different weather conditions without much trouble. They do well in both hot and cold climates as long as they have access to shelter from the elements.

Despite their calm temperament, Barred Rocks can be quite assertive when it comes to establishing pecking order within the flock. This means that introducing new hens into an established group should be done gradually to avoid any conflicts or aggression between birds.

Barred Plymouth Rock Hens make excellent pets due to their friendly personality and easy-going nature. With proper care and attention, these birds will thrive in any backyard setting.

Egg Production and Breeding

Barred Plymouth Rock hens are known for their excellent egg-laying abilities, making them a popular choice among backyard chicken owners. These hens can lay up to 280 large brown eggs per year, which makes them one of the most productive breeds in terms of egg production.

Breeding Barred Plymouth Rocks is relatively easy since they are readily available and breed true to type. To get started with breeding, you need to ensure that your birds are healthy and free from any diseases or parasites. It’s also essential to have a rooster around if you want fertile eggs that can be incubated or used for brooding.

When it comes to incubation, barred rock hen eggs typically take about 21 days before they hatch into chicks. During this time, the temperature and humidity levels must be carefully monitored and adjusted as needed.

Breeding barred rocks can be done on both small and large scales. Many breeders prefer selective breeding techniques where only the best specimens are chosen for mating purposes. This allows them to produce offspring with desirable traits such as improved egg-laying ability or larger size.

Barred Plymouth Rock hens make great choices for those who want high egg yields without sacrificing quality or ease of care in their flock management strategies.


To sum up, the Barred Plymouth Rock Hen is a beautiful and friendly backyard chicken that makes a great addition to any flock. With their distinctive black and white striped plumage, they are easy to identify and provide excellent egg production throughout the year.

These hens are known for being docile and calm, making them great pets for families with children. They also get along well with other chickens in the coop, making integration into an existing flock easier.

If you’re looking for a reliable layer of large brown eggs and a friendly companion for your backyard flock, consider adding a Barred Plymouth Rock Hen (or two!) to your family. Their beauty, temperament, and egg-laying abilities make them an excellent choice for both novice and experienced chicken keepers alike.

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