Wednesday, February 21Food Security Matters

5 Medicinal Uses of Sambong, Health Benefits, and Side Effects

Nature has always been our greatest healer, offering an abundance of remedies hidden within its lush foliage. One such treasure is Sambong, a remarkable herb that has been revered for centuries due to its impressive array of medicinal properties. From ancient civilizations to modern herbalists, this plant has remained a steadfast ally in promoting optimal health and well-being. In this article, we are going to discover the medicinal uses of Sambong, together with other benefits, as well as side effects

What is Sambong

Sambong, scientifically known as Blumea balsamifera, is a medicinal herb that belongs to the Asteraceae family. This botanical gem goes by many names across different regions and cultures.

Plant Names:

  • Scientific name: Blumea balsamifera
  • English: Cuban oregano, shiny bush
  • Tagalog: Sambong
  • Vietnam: Ngai camphor
  • Hiligaynon/Ilonggo: Alibhon
  • Malaysia: Daun sambung nyawa

In terms of appearance, Sambong stands tall with its slender stems reaching heights of up to 2 meters. Its leaves are elongated and lance-shaped, exuding a distinct aromatic scent when crushed or rubbed between your fingertips. The plant boasts vibrant yellow flowers that bloom during certain seasons, adding an enchanting touch to its overall charm.

Medicinal Uses of Sambong
Medicinal Uses of Sambong

Originally found in Southeast Asia and tropical countries like India and China, Sambong thrives in warm climates with abundant sunlight. It has adapted well to various habitats such as grasslands, forest edges, and clearings near rivers or streams – truly showcasing its resilient nature.

The versatility of Sambong extends beyond its physical attributes; this remarkable herb has been widely recognized for centuries due to its potent medicinal properties. From traditional practices to modern research studies, it has been utilized as a natural remedy for numerous ailments ranging from digestive issues and respiratory conditions to urinary tract infections and kidney disorders.

Medical Research and Studies on Sambong

Medical Research and Studies on Sambong have shed light on the potential benefits of this herbal supplement as an alternative medicine.

Researchers have conducted numerous studies on Sambong’s medicinal properties, exploring its potential applications in various health conditions. One study found that Sambong extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against certain bacteria, suggesting its possible use in treating infections.

Another research focused on the diuretic effects of Sambong. The findings indicated that it may help increase urine production and promote kidney health by flushing out toxins from the body. This makes it potentially beneficial for individuals dealing with urinary tract infections or kidney stones.

Moreover, some studies suggest that Sambong may possess anti-inflammatory properties due to its high content of flavonoids and other bioactive compounds. These properties could make it useful in managing inflammatory conditions such as arthritis or reducing inflammation associated with allergies.

Additionally, preliminary animal studies suggest that Sambong extract might have antihypertensive effects, potentially helping regulate blood pressure levels naturally.

However, despite these promising findings from initial research studies, more extensive clinical trials are necessary to establish the efficacy and safety profile of using Sambong as a medicinal herb or supplement. It is always crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating any herbal remedies into your healthcare routine.

Applications and Medicinal Uses of Sambong

One of the most well-known applications of sambong is its use as a diuretic. It helps promote urine production and can be effective in treating urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and edema. By increasing urination, it aids in flushing out toxins from the body.

Sambong is also recognized for its anti-inflammatory properties. It contains compounds that can reduce inflammation and relieve pain associated with conditions like arthritis and gout. Its analgesic effects make it a popular choice for natural pain relief.

In addition to its diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties, sambong has shown promise as an antimicrobial agent. Studies have demonstrated its effectiveness against various bacterial strains, including those resistant to antibiotics. This makes it a potential alternative treatment option for infections caused by these bacteria.

Furthermore, sambong has been traditionally used as a remedy for respiratory conditions such as coughs, asthma, and bronchitis. Its expectorant properties help loosen mucus in the airways and alleviate congestion.

Another interesting application of sambong lies in its potential anticancer effects. Some studies suggest that certain compounds found in sambong may inhibit the growth of cancer cells or induce apoptosis (cell death) in cancerous cells.

Numerous research studies have explored the phytochemical composition and therapeutic properties of Sambong. Here are some notable findings from medical research and studies on Sambong:

  1. Diuretic and Anti-urolithiatic Effects: Sambong has been traditionally used as a diuretic for its potential to prevent the formation of kidney stones. Scientific studies have supported these uses, showing that Sambong extracts can increase urine production and exhibit anti-urolithiasis properties, helping to dissolve or prevent the formation of urinary stones.
  2. Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic Properties: Research has indicated that Sambong possesses anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. The plant’s extracts have shown the ability to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain, making it potentially beneficial for conditions such as arthritis and other inflammatory disorders.
  3. Antimicrobial Activity: Sambong extracts have exhibited antimicrobial activity against various bacteria and fungi. Studies have shown its efficacy against common pathogens, including Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, and Aspergillus species. This antimicrobial potential suggests a possible role in combating infections.
  4. Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Effects: Sambong is rich in antioxidants that help scavenge free radicals and protect against oxidative stress. Research has demonstrated its hepatoprotective properties, indicating a potential for liver health support and protection against liver damage caused by toxins.
  5. Anti-hypertensive Activity: Some studies have explored the potential of Sambong in managing hypertension (high blood pressure). Sambong extracts have shown blood pressure-lowering effects in animal models, suggesting a possible role in supporting cardiovascular health.

It’s important to note that while these studies indicate potential therapeutic properties of Sambong, further research, including clinical trials, is needed to establish its efficacy, safety, and optimal dosage for specific conditions. As with any herbal remedy, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before using Sambong or any other herbal supplements for medicinal purposes.

5 Possible Dangers and Side Effects

Sambong, with its numerous health benefits, is generally safe for most people when taken in appropriate doses. However, like any herbal supplement or alternative medicine, it’s important to be aware of potential dangers and side effects.

1. Allergic Reactions: Although rare, some individuals may have an allergic reaction to sambong. Symptoms can include itching, rashes, swelling of the face or throat, and difficulty breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms after taking sambong, discontinue use immediately and seek medical attention.

2. Stomach Irritation: In some cases, sambong may cause stomach irritation or gastrointestinal discomfort such as nausea or diarrhea. This is more likely to occur when higher doses are taken or if someone has a sensitive stomach.

3. Low Blood Pressure: Sambong has been found to lower blood pressure in some individuals. While this can be beneficial for those with hypertension (high blood pressure), it may pose a risk for individuals already on medication for low blood pressure.

4. Interactions with Medications: Sambong may interact with certain medications such as anticoagulants (blood thinners) and diuretics (water pills). It’s essential to consult a healthcare professional before taking sambong if you’re currently on any medication.

5. Pregnancy Concerns: There is limited research on the safety of using sambong during pregnancy or breastfeeding periods. Pregnant women and nursing mothers should avoid using sambong unless recommended by their healthcare provider.

It’s crucial always to remember that individual reactions can vary significantly from person to person when it comes to herbal supplements like sambong. If you experience any unusual side effects while taking this herb, it’s best to stop usage and consult your doctor promptly.

How to Prepare Sambong for Medical Use

Preparing Sambong for medical use is a simple process that can be done at home. The leaves of the Sambong plant are typically used for medicinal purposes. Aside from using fresh leaves, sambong is also being processed to produce sambong capsules and tablets.

Preparing Sambong for medicinal use can involve different methods depending on the desired application. Here are a few common ways to prepare Sambong:

  1. Sambong Tea:
    • Start by drying the Sambong leaves in a well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight. This helps preserve their medicinal properties.
    • Once the leaves are completely dry, crush or grind them into smaller pieces.
    • Boil water in a pot and add 1 to 2 teaspoons of crushed Sambong leaves for every cup of water.
    • Let the mixture simmer for about 10 minutes.
    • Strain the liquid to remove the leaves, and the Sambong tea is ready to be consumed.
    • You can drink the tea warm or let it cool down before consumption.
    • Adjust the strength of the tea by adding more or fewer leaves according to personal preference.
  2. Sambong Infusion:
    • Follow the same initial steps of drying and crushing the Sambong leaves as mentioned above.
    • Instead of boiling water, pour hot water (just below boiling point) over the crushed Sambong leaves in a cup or teapot.
    • Let the leaves steep in the hot water for about 10 minutes.
    • Strain the liquid to separate the leaves, and the Sambong infusion is ready to be consumed.
    • This method yields a milder-tasting preparation.
  3. Capsules or Tablets:
    • Sambong is also available in the form of capsules or tablets from reputable herbal medicine suppliers.
    • Follow the dosage instructions provided on the packaging.
    • Take the capsules or tablets with water as directed.

Remember to consult with a healthcare professional or herbalist before using Sambong or any herbal remedies for medicinal purposes, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications. They can guide appropriate dosages, potential interactions, and contraindications based on your specific circumstances.

Final Thoughts

Sambong, with its long history of traditional use and promising medicinal properties, has gained recognition as a valuable herbal supplement and alternative medicine. From its ability to support kidney health to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, this plant offers a range of potential health benefits.

However, it’s important to approach sambong with caution. While generally safe for most people when used in moderation, some individuals may experience adverse effects such as stomach upset or allergic reactions. It’s always wise to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating sambong into your healthcare routine.


This article also answers the following local questions:

  • Mga sakit na nagagamot ng sambong
  • Tamang pag inom ng sambong tea
  • Saan gamot ang sambong capsule
  • Epekto ng sambong sa buntis
  • Sambong tea benefits and side effects
  • Benepisyo ng dahon ng sambong
  • Paano inumin ang sambong capsule

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