Wednesday, February 21Food Security Matters

Russian White Dairy Goat Breed Profile and Characteristics

The Russian White Dairy Goat breed is the most popular dairy goat breed in Russia and has been raised for hundreds of years.  Goats are the most beloved pets for most small-town residents, as they can be kept in a small shed only on forage or kitchen scraps. Wishing to acquire an animal as noble and not capricious as a goat, it should be understood that goats are different, some of them are dairy products, others are meat and a third are wool.

Naturally, when planning to buy goats for later rearing to obtain fatty and nutritious milk, it is better to buy goats from dairy breeds. It is to such breeds that Russian White Dairy goats are included, the origin of which remains unclear even today, as Gorky goats are commonly believed to come from Russian white goats. In addition, Saanen goats were used to improve the breed.

Russian-White-Dairy-Goat
Russian White Dairy Goat

Physical Characteristics

Female and male Russian White Dairy goats are small, quite normal, and have a strong constitution, and hair color – white. Weight of adult goats up to 50 kilograms, goat – 65, but some specimens of goats with good feeding Gorky can even reach 75 kg.

Russian White Dairy goats – milk for the lactation period, which lasts an average of 10 months, each female gives at least 500 kilograms of milk. Indicators of milk gave a few times queens amounting to 1,000 kilograms, with the fat content of 4-5%, but after six months from the date of calving, goat milk production may be slightly lower, since no be concerned, as this is quite normal for the Gorky breed.

Russian White Dairy goat breeding and wool

Russian White Dairy goats are considered highly prolific, and twins are very often born and even triplets, statistics show that in the sheep population, 100 units represent up to 210 children for each birth. There are confirmed cases that in a litter, that is, from a female more than 4 children were born, all of which were viable and healthy.

Russian White Dairy goat’s wool is short, has a heterogeneous nature, and undercoat practically does not have, because a billy goat for the year can be a very little amount of cutting wool, the average shear does not exceed 250 grams, indicating that these goats should not be raised for their fur.

Proper caring

Russian White Dairy goat care is very simple, as it is grown in Russia and it tolerates cold, heat, snow, and rain very poorly. Like most goats, Russian White Dairy has a poor tolerance for drafts and a lack of fresh air, which is immediately reflected in his wool. They feed the goats their forage, kitchen scraps, grass, herbs, and even tree leaves. Animals such as apples, cabbage, carrots, and squash can also eat potatoes, tops, and field weeds. Feeding should be carried out in such a way that the goats always have food and water since they do not eat much, but often.

Russian White Dairy Goat farming

During goat farming, it is important to remember that they do not like to graze in one place for a long time, even if there is a large amount of grass on the pasture, so it is necessary to divide the site so that it can be transferred from one part to another.

It is also important to monitor the hygiene of the animal since dirty white wool can cause parasites in it: insects and lice. Once every few months, animals should be treated with the help of parasites, not only internal but also external – helminths. With proper care and maintenance, Russian White Dairy goats will milk well, bring forth great offspring, and simply give a large amount of tasty and flavored meat, without requiring high-quality forages and special vitamins.

Frequently Asked Questions About Russian White Dairy Goat

Russian White Dairy Goats, also known as Russkaya Bela, are a breed of dairy goats that originate from Russia. Here are some frequently asked questions about this breed:

What is the origin of the Russian White Dairy Goat?

Russian White Dairy Goats originated in Russia, and they are a native breed to the country.

What are the characteristics of Russian White Dairy Goats?

Russian White Dairy Goats are medium-sized goats with white or cream-colored coats. They have a straight or slightly convex profile, and their ears are usually medium-sized and upright. These goats are primarily raised for their milk production.

What is the milk production capacity of Russian White Dairy Goats?

Russian White Dairy Goats are known for their high milk production capacity. On average, they can produce between 2,000 and 3,000 pounds of milk per year, with a relatively high butterfat content.

What is the milk’s quality in terms of flavor and composition?

The milk produced by Russian White Dairy Goats is known for its excellent flavor and composition. It has a high butterfat content, typically around 3.5% to 4.5%, making it ideal for cheese and butter production.

What are the nutritional benefits of Russian White Dairy Goat milk?

Goat milk, including that from Russian White Dairy Goats, is known to be highly nutritious. It is rich in essential nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and minerals. Some people prefer goat milk over cow’s milk due to its easier digestibility, particularly for individuals with lactose intolerance.

What is the temperament of Russian White Dairy Goats?

Russian White Dairy Goats are known for their gentle and friendly temperament. They are generally easy to handle and make good pets or livestock for small-scale dairy farming.

How do you care for Russian White Dairy Goats?

Caring for Russian White Dairy Goats involves providing them with proper shelter, food, and clean water. Regular health check-ups, vaccinations, and parasite control are essential. They also require a balanced diet to ensure optimal milk production.

Are Russian White Dairy Goats suitable for small-scale farming?

Yes, Russian White Dairy Goats are well-suited for small-scale farming. They are relatively easy to manage and can provide a valuable source of milk for a family or a small dairy operation.

Can Russian White Dairy Goats adapt to various climates?

Russian White Dairy Goats are adaptable to a range of climates. They can tolerate both cold and hot weather conditions, but adequate shelter and protection from extreme temperatures are necessary.

Are there any specific breeding considerations for Russian White Dairy Goats?

When breeding Russian White Dairy Goats, it’s essential to select healthy and productive animals as breeding stock. Proper management of breeding schedules and the health of both the does (female goats) and bucks (male goats) is crucial for successful breeding.

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