Tuesday, February 27Food Security Matters

Dutch Landrace Goat Breed Profile and Characteristics

The Dutch Landrace Goat is one of the original breeds found in the Netherlands, it is related to other goat breeds called “Landrace” from northwestern Europe. There is a herd of approximately 1,000 individuals that is used in national reserves to keep natural areas open and free from trees.

Dutch Landrace goat background

The Dutch Landrace Goat is a breed of goat with long and strong hair that is very resistant to colder climates, which is why it was very common in northern European countries. This kind of goat is an endangered animal, and from 1900 the goat was crossed with imported breeds, to increase milk production. After World War II, the Dutch Landrace Goat was almost extinct.

Dutch-Landrace-Goat
Dutch Landrace Goat

Characteristics

This breed of goat is primarily a milking breed but can be used for meat or fiber production. Because there is so little left in the breed, it is not used commercially. It is a medium-sized goat with long hair that can appear in different shades of brown. The breed is characterized by its short limbs and grows to a maximum of 65 centimeters, with females up to 60 pounds and males up to 80 pounds.

The Dutch goat is a medium-sized, robust animal with relatively short legs. The minimum size for goats is 65 centimeters and for turkeys 75 centimeters. All colors are possible in this goat specimen.

These goats are noted for their huge horns, which first bend backward and then to the sides in a fan shape, with the tips slightly upwards. Goats usually have a wig with a goatee, which is especially suited to young animals, a goatee, and a very hairy right hand, while the body hair is down and quite long.

Female goats also have horns, but they are less visible than male goats. The horns are bent back. They have a fairly short head with a somewhat curved profile and a goatee. Their hair is shorter than that of the common goat but generally long and coarse.

Dutch Landrace Goat Origin and History

In 1958 the last two specimens from the Goois Nature Reserve were donated to the Blijdorp Zoo. The then director, Dr. A.C. van Bemmel, began to breed with these and other country goats, which still had enough of the type. In 1971, four male goats and four female goats went to the National Institute for Nature Management in Leersum, where they were used for breeding. This pair grew in size and could be selected based on the original type, derived from old images in paintings. In 2000 there were more than a thousand mountain goats in the Netherlands. The goat is on the list of rare pet breeds.

The Dutch Landrace Goat was going extinct in the middle of the 20th century and had only a few left in the world as of 1958. A breeding program was designed to save the breed and has since built the breed until the year 2000 which are registered in the herd book of the LFNL (National Association of Dutch Red Goat Breeders).

Other uses

Dutch Landraces Goats are raised primarily as hobby animals and are sometimes milked. They are also used for grazing in nature reserves.

Frequently Asked Questions ABout Dutch Landrace Goat

Dutch Landrace goats, also known as Nederlandse Landgeiten in Dutch, are a rare and native breed of goats from the Netherlands. These goats have a rich history and are known for their adaptability and hardiness. Here are some frequently asked questions about Dutch Landrace goats:

What is the history of Dutch Landrace goats?

Dutch Landrace goats have a long history in the Netherlands, with records dating back to the 17th century. They were traditionally kept for their milk and meat production and were well adapted to the local landscape and climate.

What do Dutch Landrace goats look like?

Dutch Landrace goats are medium-sized goats with a variety of coat colors and patterns. They have long, drooping ears and a straight-face profile. Their coat can range from solid colors to various patterns, including black, white, and brown.

What is the temperament of Dutch Landrace goats?

Dutch Landrace goats are known for their calm and friendly temperament. They are docile and easy to handle, making them suitable for both small-scale and large-scale farming operations.

What is the purpose of Dutch Landrace goats?

These goats are multipurpose animals. They are primarily raised for milk production, but they also provide meat and can be used for vegetation control in various landscapes.

How much milk do Dutch Landrace goats produce?

The average milk production of Dutch Landrace goats can vary, but they are known to produce a moderate amount of milk, with some individuals capable of producing up to 2 liters of milk per day. The milk is of good quality and can be used for cheese and other dairy products.

What is the conservation status of Dutch Landrace goats?

Dutch Landrace goats are considered a rare and endangered breed. Efforts are being made to preserve and promote this native breed to prevent its extinction. Conservation programs and breeding initiatives are in place to safeguard the breed’s genetic diversity.

What are the health considerations for Dutch Landrace goats?

Like all goat breeds, Dutch Landrace goats require regular health care, including vaccinations, deworming, and hoof trimming. Proper nutrition and shelter are also essential for their well-being.

Can Dutch Landrace goats adapt to different climates?

Dutch Landrace goats are well adapted to the Dutch climate, which can be quite variable. They are hardy and can tolerate cold, wet conditions, but they may require additional protection in extremely harsh weather.

Are Dutch Landrace goats suitable for small-scale farming?

Yes, Dutch Landrace goats can be a good choice for small-scale farming operations. Their calm nature and adaptability make them manageable for smaller farms, and their milk production can provide a valuable source of dairy products.

How can I get started with Dutch Landrace goats?

If you’re interested in raising Dutch Landrace goats, it’s essential to find a reputable breeder or conservation organization that specializes in this breed. You can also connect with local goat farming associations or organizations for guidance and support.

Remember that Dutch Landrace goats are a unique and rare breed, so taking proper care of them and contributing to their conservation efforts is essential to preserve their heritage.

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