Saturday, May 18Food Security Matters

Common Swine Diseases

Are you looking to know what are some of the most common swine diseases? Is your pig sick? Are you worried that it might get worse? What are the different types of swine disease? If you are currently raising pigs or are just planning to raise pigs, you need to read this to learn more about the common diseases that affect domestic pigs.

Pigs or hogs are susceptible to many kinds of swine diseases due to the way they live. Lack of cleaning and improper feeding will lead to any of these but in this article, we will give you tips on how to handle and care for your hog when sickness hits.

common swine diseases
Pigs in the Philippines

If you have a piggery business or you take care of pigs in your yard, you should have a proper guide to take care of them.

Aside from proper feeding, watering, and bathing it is also very important that you know enough about swine diseases.

You should know what it is, and of course what the medicine is for it. You should also know how to prevent your pet pigs from getting sick.

The following are the most common swine diseases

  1. Cholera – Caused by germs that do not die immediately. Its symptoms are high fever, loss of appetite, corner cramps, redness of the skin, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  2. Foot and mouth disease – It is caused by germs, is contagious, and lasts for up to four months. Its symptoms are sores on the tongue, mouth, gums, and between the nails.
  3. Worms – These are common in piglets. It has more cases in piglets compared to adult pigs. Its symptoms are loss of appetite vomiting and diarrhea.

These are just some of the many swine diseases that can affect domestic pigs if they are not cared for properly.

Feeding and nutrition

The diet of a pet pig depends on what kind of pig you are caring for.

The diet of the piglets is different from the diet of the sows, as well as that of the fattening pigs, and of the male pig breeders.

For piglets, there are fortifying, nourishing, and nourishing foods.

Sows, on the other hand, are dairy foods and of course, fertilizer foods for fattening pigs such as grower feed. There is also proper food for pig breeders.

Feeding based on age and size

  • Booster feeds – 3 to 17 day old
  • Pre-starter feeds – 18 to 42-day-old
  • Starter feeds – 44 to 67-day-old
  • Grower feeds – 68 to 130 day old
  • Finisher feeds – 131 to market

The size of the pig feed depends on the age and number of the pet pig.

In the beginning, when they were young, they ate very little, but of course, when they were big, they ate a lot.

Some pigs are not strong in food and there are those who are strong in food. This is good for fattening pigs.

Common questions about swine diseases

What are the swine diseases in the Philippines?

  • Colibacillosis. Colibacillosis is a common disease that is caused by Escherichia coli bacteria
  • Exudative dermatitis.
  • Coccidiosis
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Swine dysentery
  • Mastitis
  • Porcine parvovirus

What are common diseases in pigs?

Bacterial diseases include swine erysipelas, swine dysentery, infectious polyarthritis, etc. Viral and mycoplasma diseases include African swine fever, swine influenza, enzootic pneumonia of pigs, vesicular exanthema of swine, transmissible gastroenteritis, etc.

Can pigs give humans diseases?

Yes, humans can be infected with pig diseases. It is important to thoroughly wash hands after contact with pigs or their fecal material to avoid infection with diseases that can be spread via fecal-oral contact. Campylobacteriosis is an infection of the intestines caused by a bacterium called Campylobacter.

Diseases that can be Spread from Potbellied Pigs to Humans

  • Salmonellosis
  • Erysipelas
  • Streptococcal infections
  • Leptospirosis
  • Sarcoptic mange
  • Swine influenza

What are the major diseases that affect swine?

Before the introduction of ASF, several outbreaks of major swine viruses occurred in Asia over the last two decades, including porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), and foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV).

What are the signs of a sick pig?

  • Loss of appetite
  • Change in mood
  • Lethargy
  • Coughing or nasal discharge
  • Absence of or difficulty while urinating or defecating
  • Very dark, concentrated urine
  • Discolored vaginal discharge
  • Hemorrhage from the eyes, ears, nose, rectum, or vulva

What virus affects pigs?

Pigs can be infected by avian influenza and human influenza viruses as well as swine influenza viruses.

Can a pig give you rabies?

Rabies is a zoonotic disease (a disease that is transmitted to humans from animals) that is caused by a virus. Rabies infects domestic and wild animals and is spread to people through close contact with infected saliva (via bites or scratches) There have been at least 2 cases of pigs who tested positive for rabies.

What are fungal diseases in pigs?

The common fungi causing disease (mycotoxicosis) in the pig include species of Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium. The presence of fungi including recognized toxic species however does not necessarily mean that the toxins are present.

How do you treat a sick pig?

Separate sick pigs from their cohort group. Treat sick pigs if needed with the following options: Provide electrolyte solution (one liter of water, 20 g of glucose, 3.5 g of salt, 2.5 g of baking soda – sodium hydrogen carbonate, 1.5 g of potassium chloride), provided in “Improving health and welfare of pigs.

How do you control pig diseases?

Swine Disease Prevention Strategies

  • Good herd management practices
  • Careful observation
  • Quarantining
  • Healthy pig feed
  • Maintaining health and hygiene
  • Providing a clean environment for the animals

What antibiotics can pigs take?

At least 11 antibacterial or antifungal compounds or groups of compounds are widely used in swine feeds. These compounds include various salts of bacitracin, chlortetracycline, dynafac, mycostatin, oxytetracycline, oleandomycin, penicillin, streptomycin, bambermycins, tilmicosin and tylosin.

What is parvovirus in pigs?

Porcine parvovirus infection (PPV) is a common and important cause of infectious infertility. PPV is a robust virus that multiplies normally in the intestine of the pig without causing clinical signs and is ubiquitous in pig populations worldwide.

What is rotavirus in pigs?

Rotaviral enteritis is a common disease in the small intestine of pigs. Pigs of all ages are susceptible to infection; however, the diarrheal disease usually occurs in nursing piglets and weaned pigs, with decreasing severity up to 6 weeks old.

What happens when a pig bites?

The severity of infection varied from simple wound infection with discharge and slough to cellulitis and abscess formation; pathogens included hemolytic streptococci, pasteurellae, Bacteroides sp., Proteus sp., and Escherichia coli and were usually isolated in mixed culture.

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