Thursday, February 29Food Security Matters

Beetal Goat Breed Profile and Characteristics

The Beetal goat is a breed from the Punjab region of India and Pakistan that is used for the production of milk and meat. It is similar to the Jamnapari goat and the Malabari goat. It is also known as the Lahori goat; it is considered a good milking animal with a large body, long ears, and a small face. The skin of these goats is considered of high quality due to its large size and its performance of fine leather such as velvet, and suede for the manufacture of clothing, shoes, and gloves.

Beetal Goat Profile

The Beetal goat is a breed of goat native to India, they are important goats in mainland India, western Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Beetal goats have been widely used to improve local goats throughout the subcontinent. These goats are also adapted to stall feeding, which is why they are preferred for intensive goat rearing.

beetal goat
Beetal Goat

Breed Characteristics

The goat has a protruding nasal bridge and long lumbar ears, red hairs, often with white spots, and horns twisted back. They have black or white hair color and large ears. The average shoulder height is 84 to 94 centimeters, the adult weight of the male goat is 65 kilograms, and the female goat is 45 kilograms. Weight and milking capacity are equivalent to the Jumnapari goat.

The Beetal goat is a little smaller than the Jamnapari specimen, but it suffers more, it grows sexually more slowly, it has the first generation at 20 or 22 months with a birth weight of approximately 1 kilogram. Average milk yield of 200 kilograms during a 208-day cycle and some good specimens can reach 4.5 kilograms of milk per day.

They are omnivores, easy to breed, resistant to all diseases, and reproduce quickly. In addition to the benefits that this breed provides and cleaning up the breeding facilities, they are also very reliable animals. They are easy animals to raise in simple cages, so this model is suitable for households with little capital. They are less sick with high resistance, and they graze freely in the field without the need for supplementary food, so the breeding is not difficult and expensive, however, the offspring, are quite sensitive, and easily get sick, so when they reproduce, the barn should be cleaned regularly, sick goats detected, isolated and treated in time to avoid infection and harm to the entire goat population.

What does the Beetal Goat eat?

They eat food mainly from natural plants. The food for them is very diverse, including shrubs, grasses, natural grasses, leaves such as toothpicks, jackfruit, bananas, durian, acacia, hibiscus, agricultural waste such as straw, and stalks. corn, sugar cane, bean belt, fruits like sweet potato, pumpkin, banana, concentrate, and mineral foods. Green forage generally makes up about 55-70% of the goat’s diet. In addition, there are other types of leaves, jackfruit, grass, and orchids.

Goat Breeding

The food for these goats must be dry, moldy, clean, and sandy; Clean water should be kept in the cage so that he can drink when he is thirsty. It can be raised in 3 types: brood (extensive), tied in the area around the house, hill or captive combined with grazing (semi-intensive), and fixed in the cage (intensive).

The application of techniques to livestock is very important, goat farmers must know how to apply techniques from the manufacture of cages to the monitoring and management of goats. Because animals do not like high humidity, goat cages must be clean, and uncluttered, and avoid the hot and humid sun. When building a barn, depending on the characteristics of each region and each specific house, it is necessary to determine the appropriate location and direction to take advantage of the favorable factors and minimize the adverse factors of the climate for the goats.

It is necessary to prevent the goats from dealing with the strains to ensure the productivity and quality of the breeds. When the male goat is adopted, the time is about 4 months for separate mating with a goat. During the time that the goats are pregnant, they isolate themselves to avoid being chased and beaten, therefore they are not confined with male goats to avoid the males causing them to miscarry easily.

For goats pregnant for the first time, it is necessary to gently massage the nipples to stimulate the development of the milk gland and practice familiarizing the goats with milking later. Many female goats are breastfeeding or expressing goat milk by gradually reducing the amount of lactation or milking at one time.

To ensure that the goats have a high milk yield, the nutrition regime must be more assured and with more nutritious diets. A good feeding regimen should ensure that the mother Beetal goat develops normally during pregnancy, giving more milk during the lactation period. Due to the mixing of foods, not only does the quality of the milk decrease, but the food costs increase. Dairy goat feeding should be based on nutritional needs.

Beetal Goat  Diseases

Because goats that suffer from calcium and phosphorus imbalance for a long time, suffer from neurological disorders, which cause milk fever. This disease usually occurs in the goat’s period during lactation or in the dry period, but the goat needs a lot of calcium and phosphorus compared to normal, but not enough is met, so goats need to use calcium from the blood. When the amount of calcium in the blood falls below 6 mg / 100 ml, the goat becomes nervous.

High-yielding dairy Beetales goats often suffer from this disease. At first, the goat eats in a reduced way, begins the body weakness, walks with force, then leans against the wall and lies on its side, it may have seizures and paralysis, and in this period it will not be able to stand up. The body temperature drops to about 38 degrees Celsius, and the pulse beats faster than usual. And without prompt treatment, goats can die.

Diarrhea in this kind of goat is caused by bacteria or bad foods, also if the drinking water is dirty, cold, rancid, and moldy. Diarrhea dehydrates the body, and loss of severe body fluids and minerals, if the diarrhea is severe and persistent (for several days), a dehydration solution should be provided. Without intervention, the goats will lose water, lose the electrolyte imbalance in the body, goats will become weak, and may die. Abdominal bloating can make you look a bit bloated due to stale, moldy, or protein-rich foods and sudden changes.

Questions Related to Beetal Goats

How big are beetal goats?

They have long legs, long and pendulous ears, short and thin tails, and backward curved horns. The adult buck has a 50-60kg weight and the adult doe has 35-40kg weight. The body length of a male beetal is approximately 86cm and that of a female beetal is approximately 71cm.

What is the average weight of beetal goat?

Weight: Depending on the region, does average 77–132 lb. (35–60 kg), bucks 126–220 lb. (57–100 kg)

What is the Colour of beetal goat?

Black coat color is common in this breed, and brown with white spots of different sizes is also available. The horns are small in size (about 12 cm), carried horizontally with a slight twist, directed backward and upward. Beetal goats are tall animals, having a Roman nose and long ears (24.8 cm).

What are Beetal goats used for?

The Beetal is a breed used for meat and milk production.

Which is the best goat for farming?

The Saanen goat would be the finest choice for breeding in commercial goat farming. They are excellent for producing milk and very adaptable in cold climates.

How much grass does a goat eat per day in KG?

In addition to grazing, animals should be fed with a concentrated mixture @ 250 –350 g/animal/day. Their ration should be supplemented with available green fodder at the rate of 7 kg per head per day.

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