Wednesday, February 28Food Security Matters

Appenzell Goat Breed Profile and Characteristics

The Appenzell goat is a Swiss goat breed, native to the cantons of Appenzell. It comes from a population of white goats with long or short hair, common in the Saanen breed. A separate selection has created the short-haired Saanen and the long-haired Appenzell.

Appenzeller goats are closely related to certain local traditions and other cultural values ​​such as transhumance. Generally, it does not have horns, it has white and semi-long hair, and it is also one of the breeds of goats in danger of extinction.

Appenzeller goat

The Appenzeller Goat is a rare and threatened indigenous breed of domestic long-haired white goat from Switzerland. The Appenzeller goat is a domestic goat from eastern Switzerland, this kind of goat comes from the Swiss Appenzell region. It looks like the Saanen goat, but it is much smaller.

Breed History

Documentation of the Appenzell breed dates back more than 100 years. In February 1902 an association of goat breeders was founded in Inner Rhodes, and 1914 another in Outer Rhodes. The Swiss Goat Farming Association, the Swiss Federation of Cantonal goat breeders’ associations, is running a project for the conservation and recovery of the Appenzell that includes financial support to the breeders and a controlled breeding program. In 2007, the FAO classified the breed’s conservation status as “endangered”.

Appenzell Goat

In 2005, the Appenzell breed represented around 4.2% of the total registered Swiss goat population of some 70,000 heads. At the end of 2013, a population from 1900 to 2000 was reported to DAD-IS. Breeding began in Inner Rhodes in 1902 and in Outer Rhodes around 1914, with a height at the withers of 70 to 85 centimeters for males and 70 to 80 centimeters for females.

Appenzeller Goat Characteristics

The minimum weight is 65 kilograms for males and 45 kilograms for females. The coat is pure white and of medium length, most of the animals do not have horns. Milk production is good and constant, most of the milk is transformed into cheese. The Appenzeller goat has very wide and well-laid udders. In the Appenzell region, the traditional alpine pasture is always accompanied by Appenzeller goats. Children have generally seen leading herds of about twelve animals.

Frequently Asked Questions Related to Appenzell Goat

What is an Appenzell Goat?

Appenzell goats are a breed of domestic goats originating from Switzerland, specifically the Appenzell region. They are known for their distinctive appearance and are raised for their milk production.

What does an Appenzell Goat look like?

Appenzell goats are medium-sized with a compact body. They have a short, dense coat that comes in various colors, including white, black, and brown. Their most distinctive feature is their long, pendulous ears that hang down the sides of their face.

Are Appenzell Goats good milk producers?

Yes, Appenzell goats are known for their excellent milk production. They produce high-quality milk with relatively high-fat content, making them valuable for cheese and dairy production.

What is the history of the Appenzell Goat breed?

The exact origin of Appenzell goats is not well-documented, but they have been bred for centuries in the Appenzell region of Switzerland. They were primarily kept for their milk and played an important role in the development of Swiss cheese varieties.

What is the temperament of Appenzell Goats?

Appenzell goats are generally known to be docile and friendly. They are easy to handle and make good dairy goats, which makes them a popular choice among goat farmers.

What are the common uses of Appenzell Goats?

The primary use of Appenzell goats is for milk production, which is used to make various dairy products such as cheese and butter. They are also raised for meat in some regions.

Do Appenzell Goats have any unique health requirements?

Like all goats, Appenzell goats require proper care and attention to their health. They should be vaccinated, dewormed, and provided with a balanced diet to maintain their well-being. Regular veterinary care is also important.

What is the average lifespan of Appenzell Goats?

Appenzell goats can live for around 10 to 12 years if well cared for.

Can Appenzell Goats be raised in different climates?

Appenzell goats are adaptable to various climates, but they do best in temperate conditions. They can tolerate cold weather better than extreme heat.

Are Appenzell Goats an endangered breed?

The Appenzell goat breed is not considered endangered, but it is relatively rare and not as well-known as some other goat breeds. Efforts are being made to preserve and promote this breed in Switzerland and other parts of the world.

Can Appenzell Goats be used for sustainable farming practices?

Yes, Appenzell goats can be used in sustainable farming practices due to their milk production and adaptability to different environments. They are often raised in small-scale and traditional farming systems.

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