Wednesday, February 21Food Security Matters

American Pygmy Goat Breed Profile

The American Pygmy goat is a breed of achondroplastic goat and is the most popular goat breed as a pet. It is small, compact, and stockily built. Like the Nigerian Dwarf, it derives from the West African Dwarf group of breeds of West Africa.

Between 1930 and 1960, animals of this type were imported to the United States for use either as zoo animals or for research; some were later kept and bred as companion animals and established as a breed in 1975. It may also be known as the Pygmy, Cameroon goat,  or African Pygmy. It is quite different and separate from the British Pygmy breed.

The goats made a journey and occupied a minimum of space, and as for the supply of spruce, what they gave, they transferred the long sea voyages without problems, and for the team, they were the source of milk and meat. Goats of this species are tough in the fight, have a strong and persistent character, usually live in large herds and, if necessary, can withstand the attack of a predatory beast.american-pygmy-goat

American Pygmy Goat Characteristics

Pygmy goats prefer to eat leaves and young shoots of trees and shrubs, as well as various herbs. A goat is born one, less often two children, each weighing three hundred and sixty grams. The newborn can immediately stand on his legs, and then, five minutes after birth, he can already eat warm milk.

After four hours, the child can run, and then he will happily play with the same crumbs as him. Dairy milk is an average of one and a half liters of milk, and the duration of lactation is no more than five months. The milk of such a goat is quite fast, it contains more than five percent fat. Milk and meat have good taste properties and these products completely lack the characteristic odor of other representatives of this species

In wildlife, the Cameroon goat’s main habitat is shrubs, pastures, plains, and also forests. American pygmy goats are small animals and have fairly large horns that bend backward.

Like ordinary goats, they have quite large beards and ears, which are funny, as if a goat hears something. The goat’s tail also has a dull appearance, it is small and raised. The length of the goat is sixty-five centimeters, and the height is eighteen inches.

The American pygmy goat weighs twelve kilograms and the goats are twenty-one kilograms. The body of the goat resembles the outline of a barrel. The coat is quite dense and short, its color is black and red, sometimes spotted or with small light spots. Cameroon goats are raised in forests and steppes and humid forests

In the wild, the goats of this breed have settled on the vast territories of Africa in various countries and sit there quite freely. In these places, farmers have five goats, and they graze near the house, walking through the streets of towns and cities.

It would seem so small, how can they be useful? This is surprising, but even though pygmy goats are rather small, they are highly productive, and when compared to the cost of maintenance, their productivity is much higher than that of cattle.

It should be noted, that these animals do not show any food claims. They gladly eat what they get, but they love cabbage and greens, but they eat less than their kind about six times. Very important is the fact that this species is physically very resistant, dwarf goats are practically not affected by any disease

They believe that American pygmy goats have strong immunity against brucellosis, pneumonia, etc. This type of goat should not be overfed with protein foods, they, like all miniature species, tend to have allergic diseases. Cameroon goats have an excellent character, they are very friendly, outgoing, gentle, intelligent, and superbly yielding to training. You can easily get used to handling all hygiene needs in a specially designated place because this breed is suitable for keeping in an apartment.

Pygmy Goats Colors

All black; grizzled black, gray, or brown (colored and white hairs intermingled), with muzzle, crown, eyes, and ears, and sometimes a tail, frosted with white hairs; or pale to mid-caramel with dark legs, dorsal stripe, and face markings. These coat patterns are sometimes broken by white belly patches or bands. In West African, Australian, and UK populations, all colors are recognized, including pied and mixed colors, various markings, and random patches in West African Dwarf and Pygmy goats.

How Big Do Pygmy Goats Get?

Height to withers: Bucks max. 23 inches (58 cm); does max. 22 inches (56 cm). Height can vary between 16 and 23 inches (41–58 cm) in an adult pygmy goat.

Weight: Does 53–75 pounds (24–34 kg); bucks 60–86 pounds (27–39 kg).

FAQ About American Pygmy Goats

What is an American Pygmy Goat?

American Pygmy Goats are a small breed of domestic goats known for their diminutive size and friendly personality. They are primarily kept as pets and for milk production.

How small are American Pygmy Goats?

American Pygmy Goats are typically between 15 to 20 inches tall at the withers (shoulder) and weigh around 40 to 75 pounds. They are one of the smallest goat breeds.

What is the origin of the American Pygmy Goat breed?

American Pygmy Goats originated from Africa, specifically West Africa. They were imported to the United States in the mid-20th century and have been selectively bred for their small size.

What is their lifespan?

American Pygmy Goats have a lifespan of around 10 to 15 years when well-cared for and provided with proper nutrition and healthcare.

What is their temperament?

American Pygmy Goats are known for their friendly and gentle nature. They are often kept as pets because of their docile temperament and make great companions.

What is the purpose of breeding American Pygmy Goats?

While American Pygmy Goats are not typically raised for meat or fiber production, they are kept for their milk, as well as for their companionship and as pets.

Are they good milk producers?

American Pygmy Goats do produce milk, but their milk production is relatively low compared to larger dairy goat breeds. Their milk is rich in butterfat content, making it suitable for making cheese and soap.

What do American Pygmy Goats eat?

They are herbivores and primarily feed on hay, grass, grains, and supplemental minerals. Providing them with a balanced diet is essential for their health.

Do they require special care?

While they are hardy animals, American Pygmy Goats do need adequate shelter, access to clean water, and regular veterinary care. They also need their hooves trimmed and should be dewormed as necessary.

Can American Pygmy Goats be kept as pets in residential areas?

Yes, American Pygmy Goats are popular as pets and can be kept in residential areas in many places, but it’s important to check local zoning and regulations, as some areas may have restrictions on keeping goats as pets.

Do they get along with other animals?

American Pygmy Goats are generally sociable and can get along well with other animals like chickens, dogs, and other goats. Proper introductions and supervision are essential when introducing them to new companions.

How can I find American Pygmy Goats for sale?

You can find American Pygmy Goats for sale through local breeders, agricultural or livestock auctions, online classifieds, and even through rescue organizations that specialize in goats.

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