Wednesday, February 21Food Security Matters

Yakal Tree: All You Need to Know

Have you ever heard of the Yakal tree? This magnificent hardwood species is a true gem of the Philippine forests and has been highly valued for centuries due to its exceptional strength, durability, and beautiful coloring. Yakal wood is so valuable that it can fetch incredibly high prices on the market. But what makes this tree so special? And how can we ensure its conservation in the face of deforestation and habitat loss? Join us as we explore all things Yakal Tree – from its unique characteristics to its various uses – in this informative blog post!

Yakal Tree Description and Characteristics

Yakal Tree, also known as Shorea astylosa, is a large hardwood species that can grow up to 60 meters tall in the wild. It belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family and is native to Southeast Asia, particularly in the Philippines.

One of the most striking features of Yakal wood is its beautiful reddish-brown coloration with fine grains and natural luster. Its texture ranges from medium to coarse and has an oily feel when touched due to its high resin content.

yakal-tree
Yakal trees

The tree’s leaves are evergreen and can grow up to 25 centimeters long and eight centimeters wide. Meanwhile, its flowers come in clusters with five petals each that bloom between March and April.

In terms of ecological significance, Yakal Trees play a crucial role in maintaining forest ecosystems by providing shade for understory plants, habitats for wildlife such as birds and insects, soil stabilization through their extensive root systems, and water retention through their transpiration process, among others.

Yakal Trees are truly remarkable species that deserve our utmost respect and protection for future generations’ enjoyment.

Why Yakal Wood is So Expensive

Yakal wood is considered one of the most expensive types of wood in the Philippines. There are several reasons why this type of wood commands such a high price.

Firstly, yakal trees are slow-growing and take many years to mature. This means that there is a limited supply of yakal wood available at any given time. As with anything scarce, the demand for it increases, driving up its price.

Furthermore, Yakal trees grow in only specific areas where favorable conditions exist such as Mindanao Island. The transportation costs from these remote areas can add significantly to the overall cost of obtaining and transporting Yakal Wood.

Another factor contributing to its high price is its durability and strength which makes it an excellent choice for outdoor furniture or construction purposes- thus increasing its market value.

Because Yakal provides superior quality compared to other types of hardwoods like Mahogany or Narra; It has become highly sought after by buyers who would pay premium prices just to acquire it; hence making it even more expensive.

Uses of Yakal Wood

Yakal wood is highly valued for its durability and strength, making it a popular choice for various construction projects. Its resistance to decay, moisture, and insects makes it ideal for outdoor use such as in decking, bridges, and boat building. The timber has a beautiful reddish-brown hue that darkens with age.

Aside from being used in large-scale construction projects, yakal wood is also commonly utilized in crafting high-quality furniture pieces such as tables, chairs, cabinets, or shelves. Its hardness and fine texture make it easy to carve intricate designs into the surface of the wood while maintaining its structural integrity.

In addition to these applications, yakal wood also offers excellent acoustic properties when used in musical instruments such as guitars or violins. The dense nature of the material produces exceptional resonance which results in richer sound quality.

Yakal Wood’s versatility enables it to be used across a variety of industries from architecture to music creating long-lasting professional-grade products that stand out above other materials on offer.

Conservation Status of Yakal Tree in the Philippines

Due to its commercial value and slow growth rate, the Yakal Tree has been subjected to overharvesting and deforestation. As a result, it has been listed as “Endangered” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.

In 2017, the Philippine government passed an executive order that declared 100 tree species including Yakal as critically endangered. The order prohibits cutting down or exploiting these tree species without proper permits from concerned government agencies.

Despite this effort to conserve the Yakal Tree population in the country, illegal logging activities still persist in many areas. In addition to that, there are no strict regulations on planting new trees which makes it difficult for conservation efforts to succeed.

Conservationists have called for stricter laws and better enforcement measures to protect not only the Yakal Trees but also other threatened tree species in the country’s forests. Reforestation programs that prioritize indigenous forest trees such as Yakal should be promoted and supported by both local communities and national authorities alike.

Is Planting Yakal Trees Profitable?

Planting Yakal trees can be a profitable venture if done sustainably. One of the main reasons for its high demand and the expensive price is that it takes about 80 to 100 years for a Yakal tree to mature fully. Thus, planting more Yakal trees is crucial in securing the supply and stabilizing the market.

Moreover, planting Yakal trees can contribute to environmental conservation efforts since they help combat deforestation and soil erosion caused by illegal logging activities. It also helps reduce carbon emissions as matured forests absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Aside from these benefits, various government programs support reforestation initiatives such as providing financial assistance, seedlings, and technical assistance among others. These programs aim to encourage individuals or groups to engage in sustainable forestry practices such as reforestation.

However, before deciding on planting Yakal trees solely for profit purposes, one should consider factors such as land acquisition costs (if not owned), maintenance expenses throughout its growth period, and other risks associated with natural disasters or pest infestations that could potentially affect yield and profits.

While planting Yakal trees may entail some upfront costs and long-term waiting periods for returns; when done properly with sustainability measures in mind – it could lead to profitability both financially and environmentally.

Yakal Alternatives

While Yakal wood is widely known for its strength, durability, and beauty, it’s not the only option available in the market. Some alternatives to Yakal include Teakwood, Mahogany, Ipil-Ipil Wood, and Narra Wood.

Teakwood is a popular alternative because of its high resistance to rotting and termite infestation. It’s also easy to work with using hand tools or machinery. However, Teakwood can be quite expensive due to limited supply.

Mahogany is another popular choice among furniture makers because of its beautiful grain patterns and reddish-brown color. It’s also reasonably priced compared to other hardwoods like Teak.

Ipil-Ipil wood may not have the same level of durability as Yakal or Teak but it’s an excellent alternative for interior applications such as paneling or flooring. Its light yellow color gives it a unique look that adds character to any space.

Narra wood is one of the most popular woods used in the Philippines because of its availability and affordability. While it may not be as strong as Yakal, it still offers good hardness and stability making it an excellent choice for furniture-making projects.

While Yakal wood remains a top choice for many craftsmen due to its exceptional qualities; there are several viable alternatives available on the market that offer similar benefits at varying price points depending on your needs and budget constraints.

Final Thoughts

The Yakal tree is not just a valuable timber species but also an important natural resource in the Philippines. Its unique characteristics and durability make it a popular choice for furniture-making, construction, and other commercial applications. As we have discussed earlier, there are both advantages and disadvantages of planting Yakal trees as a business venture. However, one thing is certain if we do not take action to conserve this precious species, it may soon become endangered or even extinct.

Therefore, we all must work together to protect our forests and ensure their sustainable management for generations to come. Whether you are involved in forestry or simply love nature, you can start by learning more about the Yakal tree and its role in our ecosystem. By doing so, we can help preserve this valuable resource while helping local communities thrive economically.

So let us take pride in our rich biodiversity and continue to explore innovative ways to balance conservation with development. Let us remember that each one of us has a responsibility towards Mother Nature – let’s fulfill it with dedication!

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