Wednesday, February 28Food Security Matters

Atis: Sugar Apple Health Benefits and Side Effects

Discover the hidden gem of tropical fruits – the Sugar Apple! With its unique appearance and deliciously sweet taste, this exotic fruit is not only a treat for your taste buds but also a powerhouse of health benefits. Packed with essential nutrients and medicinal properties, the Sugar Apple has been revered for centuries in traditional medicine. Join us as we unveil the sugar apple benefits as food, medicinal uses, and potential side effects.

What is Sugar Apple

Sugar Apple, scientifically known as Annona squamosa, is a tropical fruit that goes by many names including sweetsop, custard apple, and Atis (Tagalog). Belonging to the plant family Annonaceae, this fruit originates from Central America but is now widely cultivated in various parts of the world.

One look at a Sugar Apple and you’ll be captivated by its unique appearance. It has a round or heart-shaped exterior with greenish-brown scales that give it a spiky texture. When ripe, the skin turns yellowish-green and becomes slightly soft to the touch.

Sugar Apple (Atis)

The Sugar Apple tree is small to medium-sized and boasts glossy leaves that provide shade for delicate fruits. While it thrives in warm climates like the Caribbean and Southeast Asia, it can also be grown in subtropical regions.

When fully ripened, the Sugar Apple’s flesh reveals creamy white segments filled with numerous shiny black seeds. The texture of these segments resembles custard or ice cream while offering an incredibly sweet flavor profile reminiscent of pineapple mixed with hints of mango and strawberry.

With its captivating appearance and delectably sweet taste when ripe, there’s no wonder why the Sugar Apple has become a beloved fruit around the globe.

Sugar Apple Nutrition Per 100g

Sugar apple, also known as atis or sweetsop, is a tropical fruit that not only delights your taste buds but also offers numerous health benefits. To truly understand the potential of this fruit, let’s dive into its nutritional profile.

The following is an approximate breakdown of the nutritional content of sugar apples per 100 grams:

  • Calories: 94 kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 23.6 grams
    • Sugars: 18.4 grams
    • Dietary Fiber: 4.4 grams
  • Fat: 0.6 grams
  • Protein: 1.7 grams
  • Vitamin C: 36.4 milligrams
  • Vitamin B6: 0.1 milligrams
  • Potassium: 382 milligrams
  • Magnesium: 21 milligrams

Please note that these values are approximate and can vary slightly depending on the size and ripeness of the sugar apple. They are meant to provide a general idea of the nutritional content of the fruit.

Notably, sugar apple stands out for its high antioxidant content. Antioxidants help combat free radicals in the body that can cause cell damage over time. This fruit is particularly rich in polyphenols like quercetin and kaempferol which have been linked to reducing inflammation and protecting against chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer.

It’s important to note that while these figures reflect the general composition per 100g serving size, individual fruits may vary slightly depending on factors like ripeness and growing conditions. So go ahead – enjoy this deliciously nutritious gift from nature!

10 Sugar Apple Benefits (Fruit)

Custard apples or Annona squamosa, offer several potential health benefits. Here are 10 benefits associated with consuming sugar apple fruit:

  1. Nutrient-rich: Sugar apples are a good source of essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium, and dietary fiber.
  2. Digestive Health: The fiber content in sugar apples can help promote healthy digestion, prevent constipation, and support regular bowel movements.
  3. Immune System Support: Sugar apples are rich in vitamin C, which is known to support immune function and help protect against infections and illnesses.
  4. Heart Health: The potassium content in sugar apples may help regulate blood pressure levels, promoting cardiovascular health.
  5. Antioxidant Properties: Sugar apples are rich in antioxidants, such as vitamin C and polyphenols, which help neutralize harmful free radicals and protect cells from oxidative damage.
  6. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Certain compounds found in sugar apples have potential anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation in the body.
  7. Skin Health: The vitamin C content in sugar apples supports collagen production, helping maintain healthy skin and promoting a youthful appearance.
  8. Respiratory Health: In traditional medicine, sugar apples have been used to alleviate respiratory conditions such as coughs and asthma.
  9. Bone Health: Sugar apples contain minerals like potassium and magnesium, which are important for maintaining strong bones and overall bone health.
  10. Weight Management: Sugar apples are relatively low in calories and fat, making them a satisfying and nutritious addition to a balanced diet for those looking to manage their weight.

It’s important to note that while sugar apples offer potential health benefits, individual responses may vary, and it’s advisable to consume them as part of a well-rounded, varied diet. If you have any specific health concerns, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice.

7 Benefits of Sugar Apple Leaves and Medicinal Uses

Sugar apple leaves have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes. While scientific research on their medicinal properties is limited, here are some traditional uses and potential medicinal uses associated with sugar apple leaves:

  1. Respiratory Conditions: Sugar apple leaves are sometimes used to alleviate respiratory issues such as coughs, bronchitis, and asthma. The leaves can be brewed into tea and consumed to help relieve symptoms.
  2. Sedative and Relaxant: In traditional medicine, sugar apple leaves are considered to have sedative and calming properties. They may be used to promote relaxation, reduce anxiety, and sleep aid when brewed into tea or used as an herbal infusion.
  3. Fever Reduction: Sugar apple leaf tea is believed to possess antipyretic properties and is used in some cultures to help reduce fever.
  4. Gastrointestinal Issues: In some traditional practices, sugar apple-leaf tea is used to alleviate stomach ailments such as diarrhea, dysentery, and indigestion.
  5. Wound Healing: The leaves of sugar apples have been traditionally used topically to promote wound healing and alleviate skin irritations or insect bites.
  6. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Sugar apple leaves may contain compounds with anti-inflammatory properties. They are sometimes used externally as a poultice or applied as a paste to help reduce inflammation and relieve discomfort.
  7. Antimicrobial Activity: Preliminary studies suggest that sugar apple leaves may possess antimicrobial properties. Extracts from the leaves have shown potential inhibitory effects against certain bacteria and fungi in lab studies.

It’s important to note that while these traditional uses exist, scientific research on the medicinal properties and safety profile of sugar apple leaves is limited. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or herbalist before using sugar apple leaves for any medicinal purposes to ensure their safety and appropriate use.

Possible Side Effects and Disadvantages of Eating Sugar Apple

While sugar apple is undoubtedly a nutritious fruit with numerous health benefits, it’s essential to be aware of potential side effects and disadvantages associated with its consumption. Here are five possible considerations:

1. Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may be allergic to sugar apples, experiencing symptoms like itching, rashes, or swelling after consuming the fruit. If you have known allergies to fruits in the Annonaceae family or latex, it’s crucial to exercise caution when trying sugar apples.

2. High Sugar Content: As the name suggests, sugar apple contains a relatively high amount of natural sugars. While this can provide an energy boost for some people, those with diabetes or who follow a low-sugar diet should consume it in moderation.

3. Gastrointestinal Issues: The fiber content in sugar apples can cause digestive problems such as bloating and gas if consumed excessively. It is advisable not to overindulge in this fruit if you have a sensitive stomach or pre-existing gastrointestinal issues.

4. Weight Gain: Due to its naturally sweet taste and higher calorie content compared to other fruits, excessive consumption of sugar apple could contribute to weight gain if not balanced with a healthy lifestyle and portion control.

5. Toxic Seeds: The black seeds inside the flesh of the fruit are toxic when consumed directly; they contain compounds that can cause nausea and vomiting. Be sure to avoid biting into or swallowing these seeds while enjoying your ripe sugar apple!

Remember that while these potential side effects exist, they do not apply universally and vary from person to person based on individual health conditions and tolerances.

How to Eat Sugar Apple

To enjoy sugar apple, also known as custard apple or Annona squamosa, follow these steps to properly eat it:

  1. Choose a Ripe Sugar Apple: Look for sugar apples that are slightly soft to the touch and have a sweet aroma. The skin should be green and have a bumpy texture.
  2. Prepare the Sugar Apple:
    • Wash the fruit: Rinse the sugar apple under cool running water to remove any dirt or debris.
    • Cut off the Top: Using a knife, carefully cut off the crown or top part of the sugar apple, creating a small opening.
  3. Remove the Flesh:
    • Break the Sugar Apple Open: Gently break the fruit open by hand or use a spoon to separate the segments.
    • Scoop out the Flesh: Use a spoon to scoop out the soft, creamy flesh from each segment. Be careful to avoid the black seeds as they are not edible.
  4. Enjoy the Flesh:
    • Eat it Fresh: The flesh of the sugar apple can be eaten as is, directly from the spoon. It has a sweet, custard-like texture and a delicate, tropical flavor.
    • Spit out the Seeds: As you enjoy the flesh, be sure to remove and discard the seeds. The seeds are large and dark brown, and they are not consumed.

Sugar apples are best enjoyed fresh and can be eaten alone as a snack or used in various culinary creations. The fruit is often added to smoothies, desserts, ice creams, or used in fruit salads for its unique flavor and creamy texture.

Remember to discard the seeds and enjoy the sweet, creamy flesh of the sugar apple.


Sugar apple is a tropical fruit that not only tantalizes the taste buds but also provides numerous health benefits. Packed with essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals, and fiber, this fruit can contribute to overall well-being.

From boosting immunity and promoting digestion to improving heart health and aiding in weight loss, sugar apple offers a wide range of medicinal uses. Its antioxidant properties help fight off free radicals and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

However, it’s important to consume sugar apples in moderation due to their high sugar content. Excessive consumption may lead to unwanted side effects such as weight gain or blood sugar spikes. Additionally, individuals with certain medical conditions should consult with their healthcare provider before adding this fruit to their diet.

Note: This article also answer the following local questions:

  • Benepisyo ng atis
  • Ano ang vitamins o bitamina ng atis
  • Epekto sa katawan sa pagkain ng atis
  • Side effects ng atis
  • Masamang epekto ng pagkain ng atis
  • Anong vitamins ang makukuha sa atis
  • Ano ang naidudulot ng atis sa ating katawan
  • Dahon ng atis saan gamot
  • Dahon ng atis pangontra sa kulam
  • Dahon ng atis gamot sa ubo
  • Boiled atis leaves benefits
  • Atis leaves for cough
  • Atis scientific name
  • Atis fruit

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