Thursday, February 29Food Security Matters

Scallops Farming in the Philippines: How to Cultivate Scallops for Profit

Scallops farming is not a popular aquaculture venture in the Philippines but scallops farmers in Asid Gulf in Masbate are reportedly making sustainable profits.

Did you know that scallops farming can be a viable business opportunity? This article will give you an overview of the industry, and provide some key tips to help you get started. From understanding the basics of scallop farming to mastering the methods of cultivating and harvesting, this guide will make sure you have all the information needed to produce profitable scallops.

Introduction to Scallops Farming

Scallops are a popular seafood item in the Philippines, and their popularity has led to an increase in demand. Scallops farming is a way to meet this demand while also providing a sustainable source of scallops. Scallop farming is not a new practice, but it has seen a resurgence in recent years as the demand for scallops has increased.

Scallops are bivalve mollusks that live in saltwater environments. They are filter feeders and use their gills to capture small particles of food from the water. Scallops are harvested for their meat, which is considered a delicacy by many. The meat is white and tender with a sweet flavor.

Scallop farming is done by culturing scallops in cages or nets that are suspended in the water column. The scallops are fed a diet of phytoplankton, which they filter from the water. Scallop farms can be found in coastal areas around the world, including North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia, but in the Philippines, most scallop farms are found in Asid Bayu in Masbate.

scallops-farming
Scallops farming

Scallop farming offers many benefits over wild-caught scallops. Farmed scallops are more consistent in size and quality, and they are available year-round. Scallop farms also have less impact on the environment than wild scallops.

What Is Involved In Scallops Farming?

The process of scallop farming is relatively straightforward. It involves cultivating scallops in an enclosed space, such as a bay or lagoon, and then harvesting them when they reach maturity.

To start a scallop farm, farmers first need to obtain a permit from the local government (depending on which province or city the farm is located in). Prepare the site by building pens or nets to enclose the area where the scallops will be grown. Once the enclosure is complete, farmers seed the area with juvenile scallops (also known as spat).

The scallops are left to grow undisturbed for several months before being harvested. During this time, farmers must regularly check on the health of their crops and ensure that the water quality remains good. When the scallops are finally ready for harvest, they are collected by hand or with small suction dredges.

After harvest, the scallops are cleaned and sorted before being sold fresh or processed into other products such as canned goods or dried seafood snacks. Scallop farming is a labor-intensive endeavor but can be quite profitable if done correctly.

Benefits of Scallop Farming

Scallop farming provides several benefits for those looking to cultivate scallops for profit.

  1. Firstly, scallop farming is a relatively low-cost way to enter the commercial shellfish industry.
  2. Secondly, scallop farming can be carried out in a variety of locations and environments, making it a versatile option for would-be farmers.
  3. Finally, scallop farming is a sustainable way to produce this popular seafood item, ensuring a steady supply of scallops for years to come.

Necessary Equipment and Supplies

If you’re planning on starting a scallop farm, there are some necessary equipment and supplies you’ll need to get started. Here is a list of what you’ll need:

  1. Boat. Since scallops are farmed offshore from 30-40m deep up to shallow waters, a boat is the first piece of equipment you must have.
  2. Scallop seed: You can either grow your scallop seed or purchase it from a hatchery. If you choose to grow your own, you’ll need to set up a larval-rearing system.
  3. Scallop cages: These are used to protect your scallops from predators and allow for easy harvesting.
  4. A source of seawater: You’ll need access to clean, salt water for your scallops. A nearby ocean or bay should work fine.
  5. Scalpel or sharp knife: This is for cutting the muscle attaching the scallop to its shell when harvesting.

With these supplies, you should be all set to start farming scallops

How To Cultivate Scallops

To cultivate scallops, you will need to obtain a scallop seed permit from the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), or your local municipality. Once you have obtained your permit, you will need to purchase scallop seeds from a hatchery. You will also need to purchase or lease bottomland appropriate for culturing scallops. Scallops can be cultivated in either intertidal or subtidal areas.

After you have obtained your seeds and bottomland, you will need to prepare your site for planting. If you are culturing scallops in an intertidal area, you will need to construct cages or nets to protect your scallops from predators. If you are culturing scallops in a subtidal area, you will need to secure your bottomland with anchors. Once your site is prepared, you can plant your scallop seeds by broadcasting them over the desired area.

Scallops require a minimum water temperature of 54 degrees Fahrenheit to survive and thrive. Therefore, it is important to choose a cultivation site that has water temperatures that meet this requirement. Scallops also require a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration of 5 mg/L. The best way to ensure that your cultivation site has adequate dissolved oxygen concentrations is to test the waters before planting your seeds.

Scallop seeds typically take between 6 and 12 months to reach maturity. Once they have reached maturity, they can be harvested using hand-held rakes or dredges.

Harvesting and Marketing

As the scallops grow, they will need to be harvested. This can be done by hand or with the use of a dredge. Hand harvesting is the most labor-intensive method but it allows for a higher-quality product. Dredging is less labor-intensive but can damage the scallops.

After the scallops are harvested, they need to be cleaned and processed. The cleaning process involves removing the guts and viscera from the scallop. This can be done by hand or with the use of a machine. Processing the scallops involves removing the meat from the shell. This can be done by hand or with the use of a machine.

The scallops can then be packaged and sold fresh, frozen, or canned. The price of scallops depends on the market, but typically fresh scallops in the Philippines costs between P250 to P700 per kilo depending on location.

Potential Challenges of Scallop Farming

Farming scallops can be a rewarding and profitable venture, but there are some potential challenges that you should be aware of before getting started. One challenge is the high cost of starting up a scallop farm. Scallops are delicate creatures and require special equipment and facilities for farming. Another challenge is the potential for disease and pests. Scallops are susceptible to several diseases and pests that can decimate a crop. Finally, weather conditions can also play a role in scallop farming. Extreme weather conditions can damage equipment, kill scallops, and disrupt farming operations.

Questions Related to Scallops Farming and Culture

Are farmed scallops healthy?

Scallops are everyone’s favorite seafood! They are easy to cook, delicious to eat, and have a delicate, sweet flavor. They are also high in protein and packed full of minerals such as selenium, zinc, copper, and omega 3, which makes them a super healthy meal choice.

What do scallops feed on? What do Scallops eat?

Sea scallops feed by filtering phytoplankton or other small organisms out of the water column, which can help to improve water quality by removing suspended materials. Many kinds of pelagic fish and invertebrates eat scallop larvae.

How long do scallops take to grow?

Scallops become fully mature at about three years old when they are about 90mm in length. Spawning takes place in the warmer months, from May to August, and a three-year-old can produce between 15 and 21 million eggs each year.

Can scallops be farmed?

Scallops are farmed in several different ways. Hanging culture uses rafts or floating longlines, under which pearl lanterns, mesh pockets, or trays are suspended in the water.

How fast do scallops reproduce?

A single scallop is capable of producing millions of eggs at once, but only one egg out of 12 million is likely to reach adulthood. It takes approximately 36 hours for fertilized eggs to become tiny larvae, known as veligers. Larval scallops are pelagic, meaning they drift in the water column, for 10 to 14 days.

Is scallop farming sustainable?

Scallops farmed worldwide using off-bottom culture methods are the best choice. Scallop farming is considered a sustainable practice. While the risk of spawning-related escapes is high, most farmed species are genetically identical to native species.

Is scallop farming profitable?

When done right, scallop farming can be very profitable. Like other forms of shellfish farming, scallop production involves substantial capital investment and some risks. Raising scallops successfully also requires daily attention.

Are there scallops in the Philippines?

Five species of scallops (Bivalvia: Pectinidae) support the commercial scallop fishery in Asid Gulf (Masbate) Philippines. Two species composing 96% of the total annual harvest were Decatopecten striatus Schumacher, 1817 (57%) and Chlamys funebris Reeve, 1852 (39%).

Can you farm-raised scallops?

Global farmed scallop production amounted to 2.12 million tonnes in 2018, with a value of USD 5.8 billion. China produced more than 90% of this volume. Other important producing countries are Japan, Peru, Chile, South Korea, and Russia. Scallops are farmed in several different ways.

Are scallops hard to farm?

Scallop farming and harvesting are extremely labor-intensive and are not easy to farm. Each bivalve must be individually pinned to a line before being suspended in the water, a process called ear-hanging that results in particularly large, well-shaped animals with a potential wholesale price of as much as P700 per kilo when sold live.

How fast do scallops reproduce?

Wild-caught Philippine Bay Scallops are landed primarily in the southwestern region of Masbate. This Bay Scallop, Chlamys nobilis, is a different species than the Chinese-farmed raised Bay Scallop. Scallops are available all over the country though but are hardly found in every market.

Conclusion

From understanding the right techniques for planting and harvesting scallops to learning how to market them, this beginner’s guide on scallop farming should have given you a great overview of everything you need to know. If done correctly and with the right amount of research, scallop farming can be an incredibly lucrative and rewarding business venture. We wish you all the best in your upcoming endeavors!

Note: People are asking what is scallops in Talaglog. There is no direct local translation for scallops as it is also called scallops locally. Capis is from another sheel called “Placuna placenta mollusk”, which is not a scallop but is a mollusk so don’t get confused.

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