Wednesday, February 21Food Security Matters

Concrete Pond Tilapia Farming in the Philippines

Tilapia farming in the Philippines is grown in both large-scale and small-scale concrete pond farming and is proven to be profitable. If you are looking to learn how to grow tilapia in concrete or container ponds, continue reading.

Are you looking for a complete guide on how to farm tilapia in a concrete pond? With the right knowledge and resources, you can easily start growing tilapia in your backyard. Tilapia is a popular fish to farm as it is easy to grow and requires very little maintenance. In this step-by-step guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know to get started, from preparing the ground for your concrete pond to stocking and feeding your tilapia. With a little effort and dedication, you can be on your way to becoming a successful tilapia farmer.


Tilapia farming is becoming increasingly popular as a profitable venture, with good returns. This step-by-step guide will teach you the basics of how to farm Tilapia in a concrete pond. We’ll walk through the essentials, such as how to design your pond, how to select the right Tilapia breed, and how to set up a successful feeding system. With the right knowledge and dedication, you’ll be able to create a sustainable Tilapia farm that yields a high profit margin. So let’s get started learning how to grow Tilapia in a concrete pond!

What is Tilapia

Tilapia is a type of fish that is native to Africa and the Middle East and is farmed worldwide for its delicious flesh and tough skin. It is a great choice for aquaculture because of its fast growth rate, high reproductive rate, and adaptability to a variety of environments. Tilapia can be raised in natural ponds, tanks, or even concrete ponds with the right management and maintenance. Tilapia is a very popular fish for home aquaculture, with the knowledge and skills of the farm becoming increasingly widespread. With the right knowledge and dedication, mastering tilapia farming to grow and farm your tilapia in a concrete pond is not only possible but also very rewarding.

Benefits of Tilapia Farming in the Philippines

Tilapia farming has numerous benefits and is a great way to produce fresh fish without the difficulty of open-water fishing. With proper management, tilapia require minimal resources and can be grown in a variety of climates. Tilapia are hardy, so they can withstand a range of temperatures and water conditions. Additionally, tilapia can be bred at various times throughout the year, making them a consistently reliable crop. The tilapia’s diet can also be augmented with supplements, such as algae, to create nutritious and delicious fish. With their ample benefits and relatively low maintenance, tilapia farming can be a great business and hobby for any fish-lover.

Tilapia Farming Step 1: Setting Up Your Concrete Pond

A key component of mastering tilapia farming is the setup of a concrete pond. This type of pond has several advantages for tilapia growth, including providing a virtually leak-proof environment, a consistent temperature, and the ability to produce large amounts of fish. When setting up your concrete pond, you should ensure that the pond is at least two feet deep and has a wide enough surface area to comfortably hold the desired number of fish. Additionally, you should make sure that the water has the correct pH balance and that there are areas of shade to protect against the sun’s heat. A pond pump should also be installed to help oxygenate the water, as well as a filtration system to keep the water clean and clear. Following these steps will help to create an ideal environment for your tilapia to grow and thrive.

1. Selecting the Right Location

When it comes to growing tilapia, the location of your pond is key to its success. The pond should be sited away from structures and trees as much as possible, as the shadow they cast could limit the hours of sun the pond receives. It should also be situated in a spot that is easy to access and maintain, as well as being close enough to a power source and water supply. Additionally, if you are planning on stocking your pond with tilapia, make sure the location is not prone to flooding. Once you’ve identified the ideal location, it’s time to start on the next step of setting up a tilapia pond!

2. Preparing the Ground for Your Concrete Pond

Before you begin building your concrete pond for tilapia farming, you must properly prepare the ground for it. This is an essential step to ensure your pond’s structure is strong, and it can provide a healthy habitat for your tilapia. Start by measuring and marking the borders of the pond. Make sure that the desired size and shape of the pond fit within these borders. Once you have these measurements, dig a trench around the marked area. This trench should be at least one foot deep and wide so that the sides of the pond have enough support. Fill the trench with gravel and compact it down, then line the trench with a waterproof barrier such as a flexible plastic membrane. This will help keep moisture and water out of the soil while adding additional support to the concrete structure. Once ready, you can begin to build the concrete structure of your tilapia pond.

3. Pouring and Setting Up Your Concrete Pond

Now that you have the location for your concrete pond chosen and the necessary materials on-site, it’s time to start pouring the concrete for your tilapia farm. To make sure your pond is stable and secure, first, dig a hole that is at least twice the width and depth of your pre-mixed concrete pond. Then begin to pour your concrete in sections around the pond, making use of the shovel and trowel to create a smooth, seamless surface. After each section is poured, use the trowel to ensure the concrete is level. Once the entire pond is filled, let the concrete settle and cure for at least 24 hours. After the concrete has cured, fill the pond with clean, fresh water, and the tilapia farm is ready to go! To ensure the health and vitality of your tilapia, monitor the water’s pH and temperature, and feed your tilapia farm’s fish a quality feed that is rich in protein. With these steps, your pond will be ready for a bounty of delicious, healthy tilapia in no time!

Tilapia Farming Step 2: Maintaining Tilapia in Your Concrete Pond

Maintaining a thriving tilapia population in your concrete pond is essential for successful tilapia farming. After you have followed the steps to construct and fill your pond, focus on providing ideal environmental elements and food resources to keep your tilapia healthy and multiplying. Monitor your water temperature often, as tilapia prefer temperatures ranging between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Additionally, be sure to maintain a pH level between 6.5 and 8.0, as too high or low a pH level can cause death in your tilapia. Furthermore, provide food sources that have a balanced ratio of protein and carbohydrates, such as feed pellets, worms, or insects. With proper attention and care, your tilapia population will soon be thriving in your concrete pond.

1. Stocking and Feeding Tilapia

One of the most important steps to successful tilapia farming is properly stocking and feeding your pond. When stocking, it is important to consider the size and population of the tilapia. Overstocking can lead to fish fighting and a lack of room to swim and eat. The optimum stocking rate is around three to seven tilapia per square meter of water. Overfeeding is another major concern among tilapia farmers. Too much food can lead to a decrease in water quality and the release of excess nutrients into your pond. To avoid this, it is important to feed only what the fish can eat within a few minutes. If you start to see uneaten food, it is a sure sign that you are overfeeding your tilapia and need to reduce the amount of feed given. With proper stocking and feeding, you can successfully and sustainably raise tilapia in a concrete pond.

2. Common Problems When Raising Tilapia

Raising tilapia can be both rewarding and challenging. Despite tilapia’s ability to thrive in a wide range of environments and adapt well to most temperatures, there are a few common problems when raising tilapia that can be difficult to tackle. These include pH imbalances, infestations by parasites, and low oxygen levels in the pond. To avoid these issues, aquaculture experts recommend testing the water frequently and performing regular pond maintenance. Additionally, tilapia farmers should ensure that the diet regimen for their tilapia is maintained and that the pond is adequately stocked. With the proper care, tilapia farmers can cultivate a healthy and successful tilapia farming operation.

3. Harvesting Tilapia

Harvesting Tilapia is the final step in successfully farming the species. It is best to harvest the fish when they are between 1-3kg in size. Trained and experienced professionals should be the ones responsible for harvesting, as the fish must be removed from the pond with the least amount of stress. Harvesting Tilapia can be done either by hand or with large nets. The harvesting process must be done in a humane way that minimizes damage to the fish. After harvesting, it is important to immediately refrigerate or process the catch to ensure that it is of the highest quality. With the right knowledge, harvesting Tilapia can be done effectively and humanely.


By following the advice in this guide, you can successfully start and maintain your own tilapia farm. Although tilapia farming is a complex endeavor, the steps laid out in this guide will help make it simpler for you. Good luck mastering tilapia farming and enjoy the rewards of having your own successful concrete pond.

Questions Related to Tilapia Farming in the Philippines

How many months can tilapia be harvested in the Philippines?

Fish are harvested after 3-5 months of culture when fish are 100-200 g. The success of tilapia farming in the country may be attributed to the suitability of the fish to Philippine conditions, the locally developed technologies for production, and the presence of a vibrant market.

What is the tilapia capital of the Philippines?

On January 11, 2008, the Cagayan Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) stated that tilapia production grew and Cagayan Valley is now the Philippines’ tilapia capital.

How many times a year do tilapia spawn?

Mature females can lay eggs every three to four months (from the 12th week in the case of the Nile tilapia). They lay their eggs in nests made by the males, then carry the fertilized eggs in their mouths until they hatch. They then keep the fingerlings close by until they are big and strong enough (10 millimeters).

How many tilapia per 1000 liter of water?

As mentioned above, one pound of tilapia will need 3 gallons of water as the rule of thumb. Most aquaponics beginners start with a fish tank of at least 500 (130 gallons) liters of water. This will allow you to grow 20 to 40 full-grown tilapia.

How much space does tilapia need?

Most people start with a fish tank of at least 500 liters. This should give you approximately 130 gallons which allows enough room for between 20 and 40 full-grown tilapia. You can always expand the tank later.

What food makes tilapia grow faster?

Organic fertilizers introduce detrital material and promote the growth of plankton and algae. These materials can be consumed by tilapia and provide nutrition for their growth. Rural farmers using organic fertilizers can grow tilapia fingerlings to marketable size in 6 months.

Does tilapia need an air pump?

Limited water supplies frequently restrict exchange rates to a few times a day or as little as 10 to 15 percent per day. In this case, aeration is needed to sustain tilapia at commercial levels. Paddlewheel aerators, agitators, and blowers (diffused aeration) are some of the devices used to aerate tanks.

How much is a kilo of tilapia in the Philippines?

Philippines Retail Price: Tilapia: BARMM: Cotabato City data is updated daily, averaging 177.500 PHP/kg from Jan 2021 to 15 Nov 2022, with 43 observations.

What is the lifespan of a tilapia fish?

Description: Tilapia is a hardy, fast-growing fish, that can live up to ten years and reach ten pounds in weight. Tilapia are shaped like sunfish or crappie and are easily identifiable by the interrupted lateral line characteristic of the Chiclid family of fishes.

What breed of tilapia is widely grown in the Philippines?

Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is the most cultured freshwater fish in the Philippines, and the tilapia industry provides valuable income and an affordable source of animal protein for the growing population, including many of the 30 million people that FAO estimates depend on agriculture and fishing for a living.

What is the fastest-growing tilapia?

A Wami/Mozambique Hybrid tilapia can grow from a one-ounce fingerling to over a pound in just four months, and a pure strain Blue tilapia can survive in the water down to 47 degrees. Either of these would give the tilapia farmer a significant advantage over the competition.

How big does a tilapia pond need to be?

There is no restriction on pond size, but for ease of management and economical operation, shallow (3 to 6 feet), and small (1 to 10 acres) ponds with drains are recommended. Draining is necessary to harvest all of the fish. A harvesting sump is needed to concentrate the fish in the final stage of drainage.

How fast do tilapia multiply?

Just one female will typically produce about 200-1000 eggs per spawn, and she’ll spawn every 4-5 weeks or so if conditions are decent enough in the tank (“decent” is pretty easy for tilapia). Even with low survival, that’s still a lot of tilapia recruitment.

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