Wednesday, February 28Food Security Matters

Tomato Farming: How to Plant and Grow Kamatis for Profit

Is large-scale tomato farming in the Philippines profitable? Have you ever grown a vegetable like a tomato in your backyard? Or is it to shop in the market? If so, you probably already know the right way to grow tomatoes. But what if not yet, but you plan to plant it but you lack the knowledge? It will help you to read this article.

What is tomato

Tomato or kamatis, is the name given to a type of plant or fruit that is green when raw, but turns yellow to red, when ripe. Tomato is a common plant that grows anywhere in the world. Its red fruit is commonly used in many cuisines and dishes of various cultures. It is a small plant and does not grow strong branches. Its fruit contains carotene and lycopene, excellent antioxidants.

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Tomatoes

The red color of tomatoes is due to lycopene. Solanine and fixed oil can absorb the whole tomato plant.

In addition to these, the fruit contains water, protein, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins A, B, and C, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, Vitamin E, biotin, malic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid, minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, copper, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, and chlorine.

Tomato farming: How to grow tomatoes

Tomato farmers say that raw tomatoes are easy to grow and easy to grow. However, it is difficult to grow in regions with long winter seasons if a method of sowing is not used. In addition, its seedlings begin to grow from January to March. Planting of tomato varieties begins in January or February, and early and mid-ripening in March.

To grow tomatoes, the seeds must be in a container with soil and a window sill. The seedlings began to grow in the months when the weather was cold. The best time for transplanting seedlings is February.

Now that you know the first step and the preparation, let’s learn how to plant tomatoes the right way.

The proper way of growing tomatoes

Preparation of tomato seeds. The amount of tomato yield depends on how it is planted and what type of seed you will use. Therefore, further preparation of tomato seeds is needed to serve as seeds.

Separate the seed from the tomato with 6 -7% salt solution (2 teaspoons of salt per 1 liter of water). Then put the seeds in it and mix for 6 to 7 minutes.

Land preparation for planting. Planting tomatoes should be carried out in loose soil, properly retaining moisture and containing nutrients. To grow large tomatoes, it is better to use loose soil. It is recommended to add humus and sand if your soil is hard.

Planting seeds. Plant the selected seeds on the land to be planted. Like other crops, the soil for planting tomato seeds needs to be moist or moist mass so that the seeds stick to the ground and are not easily washed away by water when it rains.

More tips on tomato farming

If you want to be successful in growing and farming tomatoes, follow these steps:

  • Planting should be carried out in a sunny place because tomatoes are very photophilous plants.
  • The optimal irrigation of tomatoes is twice a week.
  • Soil preparation and fertilization are critical stages of growing tomatoes.
  • Tomatoes can be picked only when they are red. Artificial ripening has a detrimental effect on the properties of this vegetable.

Tomato farming in the Philippines cost and return data as of 2019

The top major tomato-producing regions (2019) are:

  • Region 1 (Ilocos Region) – 73,324.87 metric tons
  • Region X (Northern Mindanao) – 45,528,56 metric tons
  • Region 3 (Central Luzon) – 31,452.8 metric tons
  • Region IV-A (CALABARZON) – 16,016.93 metric tons
  • Region IV (Western Visayas) – 11,484.12 metric tons

Tomato farming cost and return analysis

tomato-cost-per-hectare

tomato-cost-per-hectare-2

Leading tomato buyers and customers in the Philippines

lists-of-tomato-buyers

See the complete report from DA here.

Questions Related to Tomato Farming in the Philippines

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about tomato farming:

What are the basic requirements for tomato farming?

Tomatoes require well-drained soil, full sun, and regular watering. They also need proper nutrients, especially nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, for healthy growth.

How do I prepare the soil for tomato farming?

Start by testing your soil to determine its pH and nutrient levels. Adjust the pH if necessary, and add organic matter like compost to improve soil structure and fertility.

When is the best time to plant tomatoes?

Tomatoes are usually planted in the spring after the danger of frost has passed. The exact timing depends on your location and climate.

What are the different tomato varieties, and which one should I choose?

There are many tomato varieties, including beefsteak, cherry, roma, and heirloom. The choice depends on your intended use (slicing, canning, salads, etc.) and local climate.

How should I water my tomato plants?

Tomatoes need consistent moisture, so water them evenly, aiming to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Avoid overhead watering to prevent disease.

How can I prevent common tomato diseases and pests?

To prevent diseases like blight and pests like aphids, practice crop rotation, use disease-resistant varieties, and keep your garden clean and well-maintained.

Do tomatoes need support structures?

Yes, most tomato varieties benefit from staking or using tomato cages to support the plants as they grow. This helps keep the fruit off the ground and makes for easier harvesting.

How and when should I fertilize my tomato plants?

Use a balanced fertilizer or one specifically formulated for tomatoes. Fertilize at planting and then periodically throughout the growing season, following the instructions on the product.

How do I determine when to harvest tomatoes?

Tomatoes are ready to harvest when they reach the desired color, and they should come off the vine easily with a slight twist. They will continue to ripen off the vine.

Can I save tomato seeds for next year?

Yes, you can save tomato seeds. Choose ripe, disease-free fruits, and extract the seeds. Allow them to ferment for a few days, then rinse and dry the seeds for future planting.

What are some common mistakes to avoid in tomato farming?

Common mistakes include overwatering, planting too close together, not providing proper support, and neglecting pest and disease control.

How can I extend the tomato growing season?

You can extend the season by starting tomatoes from seeds indoors, using season-extending techniques like row covers, and choosing late-season varieties.

What should I do with surplus tomatoes?

You can preserve surplus tomatoes by canning, making sauces, freezing, or drying them for later use.

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