Saturday, May 18Food Security Matters

Starting Up a Microgreen Farming Business

Microgreens have gained immense popularity in recent years due to their nutritional value, vibrant flavors, and versatility in culinary applications. If you’ve ever considered starting a microgreen farming business, the good news is that it’s easier than you might think. In this article, we will guide you through the essential steps to get your microgreen farming business off the ground.

microgreen farming

The Simplicity of Starting a Microgreen Farming Business

One of the key advantages of starting a microgreen farming business is its simplicity and low startup costs. You can even initiate this venture from the comfort of your own home with minimal space requirements. All it takes is a dedicated area, the right equipment, and a little know-how.

To begin your journey into the world of microgreen farming, here are some crucial steps and considerations:

1. Choosing the Right Setup

The first step in starting your microgreen business is to select the setup that suits your needs. One of the remarkable aspects of microgreens is that they can be grown in different mediums, so you have options.

  • Growing Mats: An easy and cost-effective way to cultivate microgreens is by using growing mats. These mats, which cost about $2 each, provide an excellent substrate for your microgreens. You can purchase them in bulk on platforms like Amazon.
  • Soil: If you prefer a more traditional approach, you can grow microgreens in soil. This method might be familiar if you’ve grown other plants or herbs. It offers a natural growth medium for your microgreens.

2. Necessary Equipment and Supplies

To successfully grow microgreens, you’ll need some essential equipment and supplies:

  • Light Source: Microgreens require ample light to grow. You can use grow lights or natural sunlight if you have a suitable location near a window.
  • Growing Trays: Invest in trays or containers for planting your microgreen seeds. These will hold the soil or growing mats and make it easier to manage your crops.
  • Seeds: Choose the microgreen varieties you want to grow. Common choices include broccoli, kale, arugula, and radish, but the options are vast.
  • Spray Bottle: A spray bottle is crucial for maintaining proper humidity levels during the germination and early growth stages of your microgreens.

3. Growing Your Microgreens

The process of growing microgreens is relatively simple and can be broken down into a few key steps:

  • Planting: Sow your chosen microgreen seeds evenly on the growing mats or in the soil. Follow the recommended planting density for the specific type of microgreen you’re cultivating.
  • Watering: Use your spray bottle to keep the soil or growing mats consistently moist. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to mold or other issues.
  • Light Exposure: Ensure your microgreens receive adequate light. Adjust the light source as needed to provide around 12 hours of light per day.
  • Harvesting: Microgreens grow rapidly and are typically ready for harvest in two to three weeks. Use scissors to cut them just above the soil line.

4. Marketing and Sales

Once your microgreens are ready for harvest, you have various options for selling them and making a profit. Here are some avenues to consider:

  • High-End Restaurants: If you aim for a high-end market, consider selling your microgreens to upscale restaurants. Quality produce can command a higher price.
  • Local Markets: Sell your microgreens at your local farmer’s market or directly to consumers. This allows you to connect with your community and build a loyal customer base.
  • Online Sales: Expand your reach by selling your microgreens online. Create a website or utilize e-commerce platforms to reach a broader customer base.

5. Investment and Profit Potential

Starting a microgreen business is a low-cost endeavor compared to many other business ventures. An initial investment of around $100 should be sufficient to acquire the necessary equipment and seeds. With microgreens’ quick growth cycle, you can expect to start generating a profit within a few weeks after your first harvest.

Choosing Your Growth Medium: Soil or Hydroponics

One of the first decisions you’ll need to make when starting a microgreen business is whether to grow in soil or using hydroponics. Both methods have their advantages, and the choice depends on your preferences and available resources.

Growing in Soil: If you have space and a love for traditional gardening, soil-based microgreen cultivation might be an appealing choice. Soil offers a natural medium for growth and is relatively straightforward, making it ideal for beginners. You can start by growing herbs and common microgreen varieties, such as sunflower or pea shoots.

Growing with Hydroponics: Hydroponics, on the other hand, involves growing microgreens without soil. Instead, you’ll use a nutrient-rich water solution to nourish your crops. Hydroponic systems provide a controlled environment that promotes fast growth and high yields. This method is well-suited for urban farming or when space is limited.


Starting a microgreen farming business is a straightforward and rewarding venture. With minimal upfront costs and the potential for quick profits, it’s an excellent choice for both novice and experienced growers. Whether you opt for soil or hydroponics, the demand for fresh, healthy microgreens continues to rise, providing ample opportunities for success in this exciting industry. So, if you’re ready to embark on your microgreen journey, set up your space, gather your supplies, and start cultivating these tiny greens that hold a world of flavor and nutrition.

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