Saturday, December 2Food Security Matters

Winged Bean Farming: How to Plant and Grow Sigarilyas

Winged bean farming is an agriculture business that more and more Filipinos are engaging in due to its high profitability. If you are here because you want to learn how to plant and grow sigarilyas, you are in the right place.

Sigarilyas, winged bean, or four-angled bean, also known (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) is a class of leguminous vegetable crops commonly grown in tropical and subtropical countries. This green vegetable has four angel forms, curling in the tip portion with a length of 6-9 inches. However, it is popularly grown in some provinces as one of the main sources of production.

Some farmers engaging in the production of winged beans is more satisfying for the long-term of production produce because it can last throughout the year due to its resistance to pests and other diseases that usually attack other crops, especially in the ever- before weather conditions.

winged-bean-farming
Winged bean

With the right initiative of the farmer even on any crops that are resistant to diseases, still make sure that the soil has adequate nutrients, regular application of fertilizer, and proper supply of water so that the crops will be useful at harvest time.

Winged bean farming preparation

For the first step of farming, it is important to know the proper cultivation of the soil and clean the surroundings to avoid the refuge from pests that are usually effects of low production. Early preparation is more useful to decompose some weeds as crop residue helps to give additional fertilizer to the soil. This practice is more effective in other farms to prevent some common problems caused by lower yield production, and also the reduction of pests.

Tips for proper planting of sigarilyas

Before planting, think about what is a good planting season to avoid common farm problems. Start midsummer or wet season to have a good moisture content, and water supply if the production site is far away from groundwater sources. Winged beans are more productive if they have good water management that absorbs the plant’s stage of growth.

  • Require soil type 6.0 to 7.0 pH, loamy sand, the best type of soil become crops grow immediately and productively.
  • Select the best location of the farm for a suitable plant to be planted here. Avoid shaded areas, prone to flood, preferably if it is leveled, have irrigation, good absorption of sunlight (east to west), and productive soil.
  • You can use organic or inorganic fertilizers such as compost, urea, and complete fertilizer to support the total need of crops for reproduction.
  • Direct or indirect seeding is advisable for planting winged beans.
  • It is required produce to conduct soil testing analysis to determine the right amount of fertilizer applied in the soil.
  • If practicing direct seeding, start to soak the seed before planting 2-3 hours before planting.
  • Measure the depth of the hole 2-3 inches with a distance of 1 meter apart. In every eye of the needle put 2-3 seeds to reserve other seeds.
  • After planting, give enough water supply to have a good moisture content.
  • 4-5 weeks after planting, if the crops are well developed apply organic or inorganic fertilizer by ring application methods to avoid root system disturbance.
  • Before the stage of flowering, apply complete fertilizer (14-14-14) to reproduce and to become well-developed the flowering.
  • Monitor your production twice a week to identify some common problems affecting production. Apply insecticide if the plants already attack pests that would not control biological methods.

Frequently Asked Questions About Winged Bean Farming

Here are some frequently asked questions about winged beans:

What are winged beans?

Winged beans are a legume plant known for their distinctive winged pods, which can be eaten along with the leaves, flowers, and roots. They are a valuable source of nutrition and are commonly grown in tropical and subtropical regions.

How do you grow winged beans?

Winged beans are typically grown from seeds. They require a warm and humid climate, well-drained soil, and full sun to thrive. They can be grown as a climbing vine, so providing a trellis or support is important. Winged beans can be grown from either seeds or tubers, depending on local practices and availability.

Are winged beans easy to grow?

Winged beans are relatively easy to grow in regions with the right climate conditions. They are well-adapted to tropical climates and can be grown with minimal care. However, like other legumes, they benefit from proper soil preparation and adequate moisture.

When and how should I plant winged bean seeds?

Plant winged bean seeds in the spring when the soil has warmed up. Sow seeds about 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart. If you are growing them on a trellis, provide support for the vines to climb.

How long does it take for winged beans to mature?

Winged beans typically take 3 to 4 months to mature, depending on the climate and growing conditions. The pods are ready to be harvested when they are about 4-6 inches long.

Can you eat all parts of the winged bean plant?

Yes, all parts of the winged bean plant are edible. The leaves, flowers, immature pods, and tuberous roots are commonly used in various culinary dishes. The leaves and pods can be cooked and eaten like other green vegetables, and the roots can be boiled, steamed, or stir-fried.

What are the nutritional benefits of winged beans?

Winged beans are highly nutritious and are a good source of protein, fiber, vitamins (such as vitamin A and vitamin C), and minerals (such as calcium and iron). They are also rich in antioxidants and contain essential amino acids.

How are winged beans typically prepared and cooked?

Winged beans can be cooked in various ways, such as stir-frying, steaming, blanching, or boiling. They are often used in salads, curries, and soups. The young pods and leaves are the most commonly consumed parts of the plant.

Are there any health benefits associated with winged beans?

Consuming winged beans can provide several health benefits, such as improved digestion, increased protein intake, and a boost in essential nutrients. They can also aid in managing blood sugar levels and may help in weight management due to their high fiber content.

Where are winged beans commonly grown?

Winged beans are primarily grown in tropical and subtropical regions, including Southeast Asia, Africa, and parts of South America. They are especially popular in countries like Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand.

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