Saturday, May 18Food Security Matters

Ginkgo Farming: How to Plant and Grow Ginkgo

Welcome to the fascinating world of ginkgo farming! If you’re looking for a unique and profitable crop to cultivate, then ginkgo might just be your golden ticket. This ancient tree species, also known as Ginkgo biloba, holds incredible significance both in traditional medicine and modern science. From its vibrant leaves to its potent medicinal properties, there are countless reasons why ginkgo has captured the attention of farmers worldwide. So if you’re ready to embark on a green adventure filled with growth and potential, keep reading as we delve into the art of ginkgo farming – from planting those first precious seeds to reaping the bountiful rewards!

What is Ginkgo

Ginkgo, also known as the maidenhair tree, is a living fossil that has been around for over 200 million years. Native to China, this remarkable species belongs to a unique plant family and is the only one of its kind in existence. Its distinctive fan-shaped leaves and tall stature make it an eye-catching addition to any landscape.


But what truly sets Ginkgo apart is its incredible health benefits. The leaves of the ginkgo tree contain potent antioxidants that can help improve blood circulation, enhance memory and cognitive function, reduce inflammation, and even alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Aside from its medicinal properties, ginkgo nuts are also highly valued for their culinary uses. These small seeds have a buttery flavor that adds depth to various dishes when cooked or roasted.

With such a rich history and versatile applications, it’s no wonder why ginkgo has gained tremendous popularity among farmers worldwide. So let’s dive deeper into the world of ginkgo farming and uncover all there is to know about cultivating this extraordinary crop!

Why Ginkgo is Such an Important Crop?

Ginkgo, also known as the maidenhair tree, is an incredibly important crop for several reasons. Ginkgo has been used in traditional medicine for centuries and is believed to have numerous health benefits. It contains antioxidants that can help protect against cell damage and improve cognitive function.

Additionally, ginkgo trees are highly resilient and can adapt to various environmental conditions. They are tolerant of pollution and can even withstand harsh urban environments. This makes them a valuable asset in urban landscaping projects where air quality improvement is desired.

Furthermore, ginkgo leaves are prized for their unique shape and vibrant yellow color during the fall season. Many people use these leaves for decorative purposes or in artistic creations such as pressed leaf art or crafts.

Moreover, ginkgo nuts, which are produced by female trees, are edible and considered a delicacy in certain cultures. They have a distinct flavor profile and can be used in both sweet and savory dishes.

The versatility of the ginkgo tree as a medicinal plant, ornamental tree, environmental ally, and food source highlights its significant importance as a crop worth cultivating.

Is Ginkgo Farming Profitable?

Ginkgo farming has gained significant attention in recent years, with many farmers considering it as a potential source of income. But the question remains: is ginkgo farming profitable? Well, the answer isn’t so straightforward.

It’s important to understand that ginkgo trees take a considerable amount of time to mature and start producing fruits. It typically takes around 10 to 15 years for a ginkgo tree to bear fruit. So if you’re looking for quick returns on investment, ginkgo farming may not be the best option.

However, once the trees reach maturity, they can produce abundant fruits that have high market demand. Ginkgo nuts are known for their medicinal properties and are used in various industries such as pharmaceuticals and food supplements. This strong demand can potentially lead to good profits for ginkgo farmers.

Additionally, ginkgo trees are known for their hardiness and ability to withstand harsh environmental conditions. They require minimal maintenance compared to other crops, making them suitable for low-input farming systems.

On the flip side, there are some challenges associated with ginkgo farming. Ginkgos have separate male and female trees, meaning that only female trees produce edible fruits while male trees do not. This requires careful planning and management when establishing an orchard to ensure an adequate number of female trees for fruit production.

Furthermore, pests and diseases can also pose challenges in ginkgo cultivation. Some common issues include aphids infestation and leaf spot disease. Proper pest control measures need to be implemented to mitigate these risks effectively.

Ginkgo Farming: How to Plant and Grow Ginkgo

Ginkgo farming, or cultivating Ginkgo trees, can be an interesting and rewarding endeavor. Here are the steps to plant and grow Ginkgo trees:

  1. Select a Suitable Location: Ginkgo trees can adapt to various soil types and climates but thrive in well-drained, loamy soil. Choose a location with good drainage and full sun exposure, although they can tolerate partial shade.
  2. Choose the Right Ginkgo Variety: There are various Ginkgo varieties available, and some may have specific characteristics or growth habits. Consider your specific goals and preferences when selecting a variety.
  3. Obtain Ginkgo Seeds or Seedlings: Ginkgo trees can be grown from seeds or purchased as young seedlings. If you’re starting from seeds, make sure they are fresh, as Ginkgo seeds have a dormancy period that can be challenging to break.
  4. Preparing Ginkgo Seeds: If you’re using seeds, you’ll need to prepare them. Ginkgo seeds have a fleshy outer coating that contains a chemical (butyric acid) that can cause skin irritation. To prepare seeds:
    • Wear gloves and eye protection.
    • Wash the seeds thoroughly to remove the fleshy coating.
    • Soak them in water for a day or two to soften the outer shell.
    • Then, crack the outer shell and remove the seed inside.
  5. Planting Ginkgo Seeds or Seedlings:
    • If using seeds, plant them about 2 inches deep in well-drained soil, spacing them at least 12 inches apart.
    • If using seedlings, dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball and place the seedling at the same depth it was in the nursery container.
    • Water the newly planted seeds or seedlings thoroughly.
  6. Watering: Ginkgo trees prefer consistently moist soil, especially during the first few years of growth. Water your young Ginkgo trees regularly, especially during dry periods, but be cautious not to overwater, as they are susceptible to root rot.
  7. Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree to help retain soil moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
  8. Pruning: Ginkgo trees generally require minimal pruning. Only prune to remove dead or damaged branches or to shape the tree as desired. Pruning is usually done in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
  9. Fertilizing: Ginkgo trees typically do not require heavy fertilization. If the soil is poor, you can apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring.
  10. Pest and Disease Management: Ginkgo trees are relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, you should monitor your trees for any signs of trouble and take appropriate action if needed.
  11. Patience: Ginkgo trees are slow growers and can take several years to become established and develop into mature trees. Be patient and allow your Ginkgo tree time to grow and thrive.
  12. Harvesting Ginkgo Nuts (Optional): If your goal is to harvest Ginkgo nuts (seeds), be aware that this may take many years. The seeds are usually ready for harvest in the fall when they turn a light brown color and fall to the ground. Harvest the nuts promptly and remove the fleshy outer coating.

Remember that Ginkgo trees are known for their longevity and can live for centuries, so planting one is a long-term commitment. Also, be mindful of local regulations and permits if you plan to cultivate Ginkgo trees on a larger scale, as there may be restrictions or requirements for tree farming operations.

Can Ginkgo Grow in the Philippines?

The climate and environmental conditions play a crucial role in determining whether a particular crop can thrive in a specific region. So, can ginkgo grow in the Philippines? Let’s explore.

Ginkgo biloba is known for its hardiness and adaptability to various climates. It typically prefers temperate regions with distinct seasons. However, it has been successfully cultivated in tropical areas as well.

In the Philippines, where the climate is predominantly tropical, growing ginkgo may pose some challenges. The high humidity levels and consistent temperatures throughout the year might not be ideal for this tree species.

Additionally, ginkgo trees require a cold period during winter to stimulate growth and development. In places without such temperature fluctuations, achieving optimal results might be more difficult.

That being said, there are reports of successful ginkgo cultivation in certain parts of the country with cooler microclimates or higher altitudes. These areas mimic temperate conditions to some extent and offer better chances of success.

If you’re considering growing ginkgo in the Philippines, it’s essential to carefully select suitable locations that provide partial shade and well-drained soil. Regular monitoring of water requirements and pest control measures will also be crucial for maintaining healthy plants.

While it may not be as straightforward as growing other crops native to the region, with proper planning and care, cultivating ginkgo could still be possible even in tropical countries like the Philippines

FAQ About Ginkgo

Ginkgo is a unique and ancient tree species with a long history of use in traditional medicine and as a popular ornamental tree. Here are some frequently asked questions about ginkgo:

  1. What is Ginkgo? Ginkgo, scientifically known as Ginkgo biloba, is a deciduous tree that belongs to a unique group of plants with no living relatives. It is often referred to as a living fossil because it is one of the oldest tree species on Earth and has remained relatively unchanged for millions of years.
  2. Where is Ginkgo native to? Ginkgo is native to China and is sometimes called the maidenhair tree. It is one of the most well-known and widely cultivated tree species in the world.
  3. What are the distinctive features of the Ginkgo tree? Ginkgo trees have unique fan-shaped leaves, which turn a brilliant yellow in the fall before dropping. They produce fleshy, smelly seeds (commonly referred to as “ginkgo nuts” or “maidenhair seeds”), which are used in traditional Chinese cuisine and medicine.
  4. How is Ginkgo used in traditional medicine? Ginkgo leaves and seeds have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. They are believed to have various health benefits, particularly in enhancing memory and cognitive function, improving blood circulation, and treating conditions like tinnitus and vertigo.
  5. What are some potential health benefits of Ginkgo? While research is ongoing, Ginkgo biloba extract is commonly used as a dietary supplement. Some potential benefits attributed to ginkgo include improving memory and cognitive function, reducing symptoms of age-related cognitive decline, and aiding in the treatment of certain circulatory disorders.
  6. Are there any side effects or risks associated with Ginkgo use? Ginkgo supplements can cause side effects, including headaches, digestive problems, and allergic skin reactions. It can also interact with various medications and may not be suitable for people with certain medical conditions. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before using Ginkgo supplements.
  7. Can Ginkgo be grown as an ornamental tree? Yes, Ginkgo trees are popular ornamental trees due to their unique and attractive foliage. They can adapt to a wide range of climates and are often planted in urban environments as street trees and in parks and gardens.
  8. How do you care for a Ginkgo tree? Ginkgo trees are relatively low-maintenance. They prefer well-drained soil and full sun but can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Pruning is generally not required unless you want to shape the tree. They are generally pest and disease-resistant.
  9. What is the significance of Ginkgo in culture and history? Ginkgo has cultural and historical significance in various parts of the world. In China, it is associated with longevity and is often planted near temples and shrines. In Japan, ginkgo trees are a symbol of endurance and hope. Ginkgo leaves are also a common motif in art and literature.
  10. Can Ginkgo be propagated from seeds or cuttings? Ginkgo trees can be grown from seeds, although it can take several years for the tree to mature. Propagation from cuttings can be more challenging. It’s important to note that the seeds should be carefully processed, as the fleshy outer coating of the seed is toxic and must be removed before planting.

Remember that while Ginkgo has a long history of use in traditional medicine, its health benefits are a subject of ongoing research, and its use should be approached with caution. If you’re considering using Ginkgo supplements for medicinal purposes, consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it’s safe and appropriate for your specific needs.


We have explored the world of ginkgo farming and learned about the incredible benefits and potential profitability of cultivating this unique crop. Ginkgo is not only a beautiful tree with its fan-shaped leaves, but it also holds great importance for various industries such as medicine, food supplements, and cosmetics.

We discussed the process of planting and growing ginkgo trees, highlighting key factors like soil requirements, ideal climate conditions, propagation methods, and maintenance practices. By following these guidelines meticulously, aspiring ginkgo farmers can set themselves up for success.

While ginkgo farming may require patience and careful attention to detail, the rewards can be significant. With increasing demand for natural products and alternative medicines worldwide, there is a promising market awaiting those who venture into ginkgo cultivation.

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