Wednesday, February 28Food Security Matters

Flower Farming in the Philippines: How to Plant and Grow Roses

Flower farming is a highly profitable agribusiness venture in the Philippines, especially in cooler provinces like Benguet.  If you are looking to venture into flower farming, especially roses, this article is for you.

Roses are a timeless symbol of love and beauty and have been associated with romance for centuries. Growing roses can be a rewarding and therapeutic experience, but it is often intimidating for the novice gardener. This comprehensive guide provides all the information you need to get started on your rose-farming journey – from choosing the right varieties and caring for the plants to harvesting the blooms!

flower farming
Rose farm

Overview of Rose Farming

Whether you’re a farmer looking to add roses to your crop rotation or a gardener who wants to grow their roses, this guide will teach you everything you need to know about rose farming. We’ll cover topics like choosing the right rose variety for your climate, preparing your soil, planting and caring for your roses, and harvesting your blooms. By the end of this guide, you’ll be ready to start growing beautiful roses of your own.

Preparing Your Garden for Roses

When you’re ready to start growing roses, the first step is preparing your garden. You’ll need to choose a location that gets at least six hours of sunlight a day and has well-drained soil. Avoid areas that are prone to flooding or standing water.

Once you’ve selected a location, it’s time to start prepping the soil. Roses need nutrient-rich soil to thrive, so consider adding some compost or other organic matter to the area before planting. You should also test the pH level of the soil to make sure it’s between 6.0 and 7.0 – roses prefer slightly acidic conditions.

If you’re starting with bare ground, you’ll need to till the soil to loosen it up before planting. If you’re transplanting existing roses, be sure to dig a hole that’s wide and deep enough to accommodate the root ball. Once your hole is ready, add some amendments to the backfill dirt and mix everything well before replanting your rosebush.

Water deeply after planting, then continue watering regularly (about once a week) throughout the growing season. As your plants mature, they’ll need less water – but still, be sure to give them a good soaking every week during hot weather.

Planting Roses

Roses are one of the most popular flowers in the world, and they can be a beautiful addition to any garden. But before you can enjoy their beauty, you need to know how to plant them properly.

Here are some tips on planting roses:

  1. Choose a sunny spot in your garden that has well-drained soil.
  2. Dig a hole that is twice as wide as the root ball of your rose bush.
  3. Mix some compost or organic matter into the soil that you removed from the hole.
  4. Gently remove the rose bush from its container and loosen the roots around the edges of the root ball.
  5. Place the rose bush in the hole so that the roots are spread out evenly.
  6. Backfill the hole with soil, gently tamping it down as you go.
  7. Water your newly planted rose bush deeply and mulch around it to help retain moisture in the soil.

Caring For Roses

When it comes to roses, the best offense is a good defense. By taking proactive steps to protect your roses from pests and diseases, you can keep them healthy and looking their best. Here are some tips on how to care for your roses:

  • water your roses regularly, especially during dry spells
  • fertilize your roses regularly (but not too much!)
  • deadhead blooms regularly to encourage new growth
  • prune your roses annually (usually in late winter/early spring) to promote healthy growth
  • be on the lookout for pests and diseases, and take steps to control them if necessary

Tips for Pruning and Deadheading

When it comes to rose farming, one of the most important aspects is pruning and deadheading. Here are some tips to help you get the most out of your roses:

  1. Prune regularly. This will encourage new growth and help keep your roses healthy.
  2. Deadhead regularly as well. This will promote better blooming and prevent diseases.
  3. Cut back any diseased or damaged stems promptly. This will help prevent the spread of disease and ensure that your roses stay healthy.
  4. When pruning, be sure to use sharp tools and make clean cuts. This will help avoid damage to the plant and promote healing.
  5. Always wear gloves when working with roses, as their thorns can be quite sharp!

By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your roses remain healthy and beautiful for many years to come.

Controlling Pests and Diseases

There are a few key things to remember when it comes to controlling pests and diseases in your rose garden. First, always start with healthy plants. If you buy plants that are already infested with pests or diseases, it will be much harder to control them. Second, be vigilant about checking your plants for signs of trouble. Inspect them regularly for pests or diseased leaves and blooms. Third, take action immediately if you do find something wrong. Don’t wait until the problem gets worse.

If you follow these simple tips, you should be able to keep most pests and diseases under control. Of course, sometimes problems can still occur despite our best efforts. If that happens, don’t hesitate to seek out professional help from your local nursery or gardening center.

Harvesting Roses

Harvesting roses is a simple process that can be done by hand or with the use of pruning shears. The best time to harvest roses is in the morning after the dew has evaporated, but before the heat of the day sets in. To harvest, simply cut the stem at an angle just above a leaf node (the point where leaves are attached to the stem). Make sure to clean your shears between cuts to avoid spreading disease.

After harvesting, it is important to remove all thorns from the stems. This can be done by carefully running your finger down the length of the stem or by using a sharp knife. Thorns can damage both skin and clothing, so handle them with caution.

Once all thorns have been removed, you can then proceed to arrange your roses in a vase or other container. Fill the container with fresh water and add a floral preservative if desired. Cut roses will typically last for 5-7 days when properly cared for.

Alternatives to Flower Farming

If you’re thinking about getting into flower farming, or even if you’re just a casual gardener who loves roses, you may be wondering what alternatives there are to traditional flower farming. Here are a few ideas:

  1. Consider growing miniature roses. These varieties of roses are perfect for small gardens or even indoor pots. Plus, they don’t require as much care as full-size roses.
  2. Try your hand at growing heritage roses. These old-fashioned varieties are often easier to care for than modern hybrids and offer a unique beauty all their own.
  3. Plant rose bushes instead of individual stems. This will save you time and effort in the long run, as you won’t have to water and fertilize each plant individually.
  4. If you live in an area with harsh winters, consider growing rose hips instead of roses. Rose hips are the fruit of the rose bush and can be used to make jams, jellies, and other preserves.

Questions related to Flower Farming

How many roses can a 1-hectare produce and how much money can be made?

The yield of roses is around 5,40,107 flowers per hectare. per year. Given that a single-stemmed rose is usually a hundred pesos retail, a rose farmer can make at least P3M per year from the one-hectare plantation.

Which method is used for flower farming?

Rose plant is cultivated by stem cutting. This is an asexual method of reproduction. Good stems are selected and dipped in auxin hormone that promotes root formation. These stems are then planted in a medium to obtain plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. How long does it take for roses to grow?

Most roses grow fairly rapidly. Tea roses may reach their full height after only three to four years and grow to that height each year despite being cut back each year. Many modern roses will only live six to 10 years unless given exceptional care. Some species and climbing roses will live 50 years or more.

Where do roses grow best?

All roses grow best in full sun with moist, well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Roses prefer slightly acidic soil (6-7 pH). Shrub roses are meant to be grown all over the country, especially in places where other rose species may not be very hardy.

Is flower farming profitable?

Flower farming is the most profitable business for farmers. In India it is grown in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Haryana, Gujarat, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are the major Flower farming states.

Do roses need a lot of water?

Soil, temperature, and surrounding plants affect how much water a rose needs. In temperate climates, weekly watering is usually enough and two inches of water per week (4 to 5 gallons) may be all that is needed. If the soil is sandy or the garden is hot, dry, or windy, more frequent watering may be necessary.

Are roses difficult to grow?

Growing roses is easier than you think—anyone can grow them successfully. Plant your roses in a sunny location with good drainage. Fertilize them regularly for impressive flowers. Water them evenly to keep the soil moist.

What is the best month to plant roses?

Contrary to popular belief, February and March are excellent times to start planting roses. Many landscapers will wait until April and May to begin planting roses because this is when the plants are already in bloom, and many nurseries will get their stock of roses around January and February.

How many rose plants per hectare?

The optimum planting density should be 7 to 14 plants/sq. m (50 to 60 thousand bushes per 1-hectare area). Temperature requirement for Rose Cultivation in Greenhouse:- Generally, the greenhouse temperature should be maintained @ 20°C-21°C on cloudy days and 24°C-28°C on sunny days for high yield and best quality.

Can roses grow in the Philippines?

Although roses are true natives of the northern hemisphere and temperate zones, they can be profitably grown in tropical countries like the Philippines.

How long do roses last?

Roses should last up to one week and possibly longer after being cut. If you follow proper flower care tips including cutting the stems, using flower food, and changing out the water every few days, you can increase the lifespan of your roses.


We hope this guide has been useful in helping you understand the basics of flower farming. Growing and caring for roses is a process that requires patience, perseverance, and dedication; however, if done right, it can be incredibly rewarding. With these tips and tricks at your disposal, we are sure that you will have success cultivating beautiful roses to brighten up any garden!

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