Tuesday, March 5Food Security Matters

Container Gardening in the Philippines: How to Start Your Urban Container Garden

Container gardening in urban areas in the Philippines is becoming popular as people want to grow vegetables like tomatoes, eggplant, bok choy (pechay), lettuce, and even vines like ampalaya and watermelons. Container gardening is a form of urban farming in the Philippines that is applied in areas with limited or no available soil to plant at all.

Gardening is a great way to enjoy the outdoors, get some exercise, and bring beauty to your outdoor space. However, not everyone has the space or time required for traditional gardening. Fortunately, container gardening is an easy and accessible way to enjoy all the benefits of gardening without the large commitment of time and space! Learn more in this article about what container gardening is, how it works, and everything you need to know to get started.

Container garden in Negros Occidental (image credit Department of Agriculture)
Container garden in Negros Occidental (image credit Department of Agriculture)

What is Container Gardening

Container gardening is a type of gardening that is done in containers instead of in the ground. This can be done with a variety of different materials, including pots, buckets, barrels, and more. Container gardening is a great way to plant both vegetables and ornamental plants if you don’t have a lot of space, or if you want to garden on a patio or deck. It is also a good option for people who have bad soil in their yards.

Benefits of Container Gardening

1. Container gardening is a great way to enjoy fresh flowers, herbs, and vegetables, without having to invest in a lot of expensive equipment or space.

2. Containers can be placed on patios, balconies, decks, and other small spaces, making them ideal for urban dwellers or anyone with limited space.

3. Container gardens are also very versatile – you can change up the plants and arrangements as often as you like, without having to dig up new beds or replant entire areas.

4. They’re also relatively easy to care for – just make sure to water regularly and give your plants the right amount of sunlight (depending on what they need).

5. Container gardens can be a great way to recycle materials like plastic bottles, washing machines, fridges, and even bags, and everything that can hold soil.

How to Create the Ideal Container Garden

If you’re new to gardening or are short on space, container gardening is a great way to get started. By following a few simple steps, you can create an attractive and productive garden that will provide you with fresh fruits, vegetables, and herbs.

1. Choose the right size container. The size of your container will depend on the type of plants you want to grow. For example, larger containers are better for vegetables, while smaller ones are better for herbs and flowers.

2. Select a location. Place your container in an area that gets at least six hours of sunlight per day. If you live in a hot climate, choose a spot that gets some afternoon shade to protect your plants from the heat.

3. Prepare the soil. Mix equal parts potting mix, compost, and perlite or vermiculite. This will help ensure good drainage and aeration for your plants’ roots.

4. Plant your seeds or seedlings. Once you’ve chosen what you want to grow, it’s time to plant! Be sure to follow the instructions on the seed packet or planter label for the best results.

5. Water regularly and fertilize monthly. Container gardens need more water than in-ground gardens, so be sure to check on your plants daily during hot weather. Fertilize them once a month with a balanced fertilizer to keep them healthy and growing strong

Tools and Supplies Needed for Container Gardening

There are a few tools and supplies you will need to get started with container gardening. These include:

  • A container: This can be anything from a pot to a grow bag to a wheelbarrow. Just make sure it has good drainage.
  • Potting mix: You can use regular garden soil, but it is best to use a potting mix that is specifically designed for containers. This will help ensure good drainage and aeration. Potting mix can be a mixture of soil and organic fertilizers like compost, vermicompost, and animal manure.
  • Fertilizer: Container plants will need to be fertilized more often than plants in the ground, as they tend to dry out quickly. Use a water-soluble fertilizer and follow the directions on the package.
  • Pest control: Keep an eye out for pests such as aphids and whiteflies. You can control them with insecticidal soap or horticultural oil

Tips for Growing Healthy Plants in Containers

1. Start with a clean, sterile pot: Be sure to start with a clean pot, free of any disease or pests. If you are reusing a pot, be sure to sterilize it first with a bleach solution.

2. Choose the right size pot: The size of the pot will determine how often you need to water your plants. A larger pot will hold more moisture and require less frequent watering than a smaller pot.

3. Use high-quality potting mix: Be sure to use a high-quality potting mix that is designed for containers. This type of mix will drain well and provide your plants with the nutrients they need.

4. Water regularly: Container plants need regular watering, especially during hot weather. Be sure to check the soil regularly and water it when needed.

5. Fertilize regularly: Container plants also need regular fertilizing. Use a water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks or slow-release pellets every month to keep your plants healthy and growing strong

Plant Selection and Care

When starting a container garden, the first step is to select the right plants. There are a few factors to consider when making your selection:

  • The size of the container: Make sure to choose plants that will fit comfortably in your selected container.
  • The type of container: The material of your container will affect how often you need to water your plants. For example, clay pots will dry out faster than plastic pots.
  • The climate: Choose plants that are well suited for the climate you live in. If you live in a hot, dry climate, succulents and cacti might be a good option for your garden.

Once you’ve selected the right plants for your garden, it’s important to care for them properly. Here are a few tips:

  • Water regularly: Check the soil of your plants every few days and water them when needed. Be careful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot.
  • Fertilize monthly: Use a high-quality fertilizer designed specifically for container gardens. This will help ensure that your plants get the nutrients they need to thrive.

Most vegetables can be grown in containers but the most common include potatoes, chard, lettuce, cherry and bush tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, summer squash, Asian greens, pole beans, watermelons, carrots, cabbage, and even sweet potatoes and corn. Flowers like roses, daises, cosmos, and other flowering plants can be planted as well.

Troubleshooting Common Problems with Container Gardens

If you’re having trouble with your container garden, don’t fret! There are a few common problems that can be easily fixed.

One problem is that your plants are getting too much water.  This can be caused by several factors, including overwatering, using pots without drainage holes, or using soil that doesn’t drain well. If you think you’re overwatering your plants, try giving them less water next time. If you’re using pots without drainage holes, make sure to empty any excess water after each watering. And if you’re using soil that doesn’t drain well, consider switching to a different type of soil or planting in raised beds.

Another common problem you may encounter is that your plants are not getting enough water.  This is usually because the pots you’re using have drainage holes that are too big so the water won’t stay longer. To avoid this problem, make sure to water your plants regularly and make the right size and number of holes at the bottom of your pots.

Finally, you may find that your plants are not getting enough sunlight. This is most likely because they’re planted in pots that are too small or placed in an area that doesn’t get enough sunlight. To fix this problem, simply move your plants to a sunny spot or choose larger pots for them.

Questions Related to Container Gardening in the Philippines

Which crops grow well in containers?

Almost any fruit and vegetable plant can be grown in a container, provided your container is large enough. You can easily grow herbs, peppers, tomatoes, onions,  squash, beans, and eggplant in summer, as well as broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, and greens in a controlled environment.

What is a disadvantage to container gardening?

Plants grown in containers tend to dry out easily, so they will have to be watered at regular intervals. Fertilizers will need to be added to the soil consistently. As composting and mulching do not work well in container gardening, a fertilizer solution is the best bet.

What is the best container for container gardening?

Wooden planter boxes are among the best choices for growing vegetables in containers. They’re attractive, they come in all sizes, and they’re durable, widely available, and relatively cheap. Wood doesn’t heat up as much as plastic or ceramic pots, so wooden planters work well on hot balconies or decks.

Is container gardening profitable?

Although container gardening in the Philippines has not reached the commercial level yet, there is some serious potential to run and operate a profitable business quickly when farming in a container. They are known to have a great ROI and require minimal staffing.

Do container plants need fertilizer?

It’s a good idea to start regular fertilizer applications between two to six weeks after planting a container, depending on the type of potting media, watering schedule, and rate of plant growth. There are many options for fertilizers to use in container plants. A good place to start is with an all-purpose fertilizer.

What is the most common mistake made with container plants?

Here are the 7 most common mistakes everybody makes when growing plants in containers. These mistakes include choosing the wrong container, poor compost choices, not choosing the right size of the container, watering too much or too little, wrong or without drainage holes, not enough sunlight or artificial light, and planting the wrong species.

Why are my container plants dying?

Improper watering is the number one reason for the sudden death of plants. If you forgot to water for a few days, it’s possible that the roots dried up. However, the opposite is more likely, as too much water is often to blame for dying container plants

Which manure is best for potted plants?

Cow manure or vermicompost adds to the balanced nutrient content of the already rich soil in container gardening. It is also an excellent potting medium for regular houseplants.

What’s the most challenging part of maintaining a container garden?

One big challenge with growing plants in containers is ensuring they are getting the proper nutrients and water they need to grow their best. As the plants grow and mature, they use up the nutrients in the soil. Containers can also lose nutrients faster because they get washed out of the pot when we water.

What is the most important factor in container gardening?

Potting mix is one of the most important factors in growing happy and productive container plants. It supplies the roots with nutrients, air, and water. It allows space for root growth and it physically supports the plant.

How often should you replace container soil?

Typically, changing the soil in your potted plants should happen every 12 to 18 months. Some exceptions may change this timing. These include if you’re moving a plant into a bigger pot because it’s outgrown its current pot or if the soil has become very hard.

How many hours of sunlight does container gardening require?

To maximize your veggie harvest, you’ll want to place your pots in an area that gets full sunlight (i.e., 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day).

Do plants get lonely in pots?

Plants will experience something like being “lonely” in pots because they miss out on underground connections, however, annual vegetables that only grow for a few months like tomatoes, carrots, bell peppers, and the like will thrive.


Container gardening is an easy and rewarding way to grow your food if you are living in urban areas in the Philippines. With just a few basics and some creativity, you can create a thriving container garden that will fit any lifestyle or budget. Container gardening allows you to enjoy the benefits of fresh produce year-round while saving time, money, and energy in comparison to traditional gardens. Whether you are growing vegetables, herbs, or flowers, container gardening is an excellent choice for anyone looking to get started with their home garden.

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