Thursday, February 22Food Security Matters

Citronella Farming: How to Plant and Grow Citronella for Profit

Citronella farming along with lemongrass is gaining popularity due to the high demand for citronella oil. If you are looking to venture into either lemon grass or citronella farming, continue reading.

Are you looking for a profitable and sustainable farming venture? Have you considered citronella farming? Not only is citronella in high demand for its natural insect-repelling properties, but it also has various other uses such as aromatherapy and medicinal purposes. In this complete guide, we will take you through everything you need to know about planting and growing citronella for profit. Get ready to learn the ins and outs of citronella farming, from seed selection to harvesting techniques that will maximize your yield. Let’s get started!


Introduction to Citronella Farming

If you’re looking for a way to make some extra money, citronella farming may be the perfect option for you. Citronella is a type of grass that is native to Southeast Asia and is widely used as an insect repellent. The oil extracted from citronella plants is incredibly effective at keeping mosquitoes and other bugs away, making it a valuable commodity. What’s more, citronella is relatively easy to grow and does not require a lot of maintenance. With a little bit of effort, you can easily establish a thriving citronella farm that will provide you with a steady income stream.

Types of Citronella Plants

There are two types of citronella plants: Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus. Cymbopogon nardus is the more common type of plant, and it is the one typically used in commercial production. Cymbopogon winterianus is less common, but it has a higher oil content. Both types of plants are perennial grasses that can grow up to six feet tall.

Citronella plants need full sun and well-drained soil. They are tolerant of drought and can be grown in a wide range of climates, from tropical to temperate. Citronella can be propagated from seed, but it is more commonly propagated by division or cuttings.

Once established, citronella plants require little care. They should be mowed down periodically to encourage new growth. If you are growing citronella for the oil, you will need to harvest the leaves and flower heads when they are dry. The best time to harvest is in the morning after the dew has evaporated.

Citronella VS lemongrass: What’s the Difference?

The main difference between lemongrass and citronella is that citronella has red or magenta base stems while lemon grass has green base stems. Lemongrass and citronella are two closely related plants and have a very similar appearance and smell. Both act as natural insect repellants and can be used interchangeably.

Planting and Growing Citronella

When it comes to planting and growing citronella, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. First, you need to make sure that you have the right climate. Citronella thrives in warm, humid climates with plenty of rainfall. If you live in an area with a colder climate, you can still grow citronella, but you will need to take extra care of the plants and make sure they have enough warmth and moisture.

Second, you need to choose the right spot for your plants. Citronella prefers well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. It also needs full sun exposure to thrive. If you cannot provide these conditions, then it is best to grow citronella in containers instead.

Third, when it comes time to plant your citronella, make sure to space the plants out properly. They should be about two feet apart from each other so that they have room to grow. Fourth, once your plants are in the ground, water them regularly and fertilize them monthly with an all-purpose fertilizer.

Keep an eye out for pests and diseases. Citronella is susceptible to root rot and fungal diseases if the conditions are not ideal. If you see any signs of these problems, treat them immediately so that they do not spread to other plants. With proper care, your citronella plants will thrive and produce plenty of oil for profit!

Citronella Farming: Harvesting and Processing

Citronella is a perennial herb that grows best in tropical and subtropical climates. It can be harvested year-round, but the peak season is during the summer months. Citronella oil is extracted from the plant’s leaves and stems and is used extensively in natural mosquito repellents.

The harvesting process begins by Cutting the plants back to about 6 inches (15 cm) above ground level. This stimulates new growth and also makes the plants easier to handle during subsequent steps. The plants are then gathered and tied into bundles for transport to the processing area.

Once at the processing facility, the citronella leaves and stems are chopped into small pieces and placed in a distillation vessel. Steam is passed through the vessel, which causes the essential oils to be released from the plant material. The oils are then condensed and collected for further use.

Uses of Citronella

Citronella is a versatile crop that can be used in a variety of products. The most common use for citronella is in mosquito repellents, but it can also be found in candles, soaps, and other household products. Citronella oil is also used as an ingredient in many cosmetics and perfumes.

In addition to its commercial uses, citronella also has many benefits for the home gardener. The strong smell of citronella can help deter pests from eating your plants, and the oil can be used to make homemade insect repellents. Citronella is also a great plant to grow for its ornamental value; the beautiful leaves and flowers make it a welcome addition to any garden.

Economics of Citronella Farming

The economics of citronella farming is quite favorable. The plant is very easy to grow and does not require any special care. Once established, a crop of citronella can provide a good return on investment.

The main costs associated with citronella farming are the initial investment in plants and the costs of labor for harvest and processing. The plant material itself is relatively inexpensive, and the labor required to grow and harvest it is not particularly intensive.

Assuming a decent yield, a farmer can expect to earn a good profit from selling their citronella crop. The essential oil extracted from the plant is very valuable, and there is a large demand for it in the market.

Challenges of Growing Citronella

Citronella is a popular essential oil used in many household products, but did you know that it can also be used to make money? Citronella farming is a great way to earn extra income, but there are some challenges you need to be aware of before getting started.

One of the biggest challenges of growing citronella is the fact that it is a tropical plant. This means that it needs warm weather and lots of sunlight to thrive. If you live in an area with cold winters, you’ll need to grow your citronella indoors or in a greenhouse.

Another challenge of growing citronella is that it can be tricky to get the plants to flower. If you’re not careful, your plants may produce leaves and stems, but no flowers. To encourage flowering, make sure to give your plants plenty of nitrogen-rich fertilizer and ample water.

Citronella can be susceptible to pests and diseases. Common problems include aphids, mealybugs, whiteflies, and root rot. Be sure to inspect your plants regularly and take action if you see any signs of trouble. With proper care, you can overcome these challenges and enjoy a bountiful crop of citronella!

Questions Related to Citronella Farming

Is citronella farming profitable in the Philippines?

Citronella oil is an indispensable ingredient in the manufacture of soap, perfumes, and other industrial products. Our country is importing citronella grass in large quantities although the grass from which this oil is derived can be grown profitably under Philippine conditions.

How do you care for a citronella plant in the Philippines?

This outdoor plant for sale in Manila thrives best outdoors in direct sunlight or partial shade. If indoors, place them somewhere near a window. Watering should be done once every day as well, or twice on a hot day. This herb likes moist soil.

Is there a market for citronella oil?

Based on the source, the market is classified into natural and organic. Natural citronella oil accounts for 60% share of the global market.

What is the demand for citronella oil?

According to the latest research study, the global citronella oil market size/share is anticipated to be valued at approximately USD 115.05 Million in 2022 and is projected to hit a revenue of around USD 193.83 Million by 2032, at a CAGR of around 5.4% between 2023 and 2032.

What is the disadvantage of the citronella plant?

Here are just a few disadvantages of citronella pest control: Allergic reactions are not unheard of. Citronella is thought to be safe, although some people may experience a mild allergic reaction to the eyes or skin. Citronella shouldn’t be used on children under six months of age unless directed by a physician.

How long does it take for citronella to grow?

You should begin to see seedlings between 1 and 2 weeks after planting. Citronella grass is a tropical species that thrives with at least six hours of sunlight a day and a warm environment above 60 degrees. It will grow happily in a pot up on the patio or in a moist but well-drained section of the garden.

Is citronella better than lemongrass?

Lemongrass is better than citronella when it comes to the best mosquito repellent. However, both can be used to keep mosquitoes at bay. Both two plants have healthy-based properties that can help treat many skincare and healthcare conditions.

What is the yield of citronella per hectare?

Depending upon the nature of growth, the yield of fresh leaves is about 15-20 tonnes/ha in the first year and 20-25 tonnes/ha in the second as well as in the third year, after which the yield declines.


Citronella farming is a great way to make a profit while also helping the environment. With the right know-how and dedication, you can successfully grow this unique crop and reap its many benefits. This guide has helped provide you with all of the essential steps needed to get started in citronella farming. If followed correctly, your efforts will be rewarded with beautiful plants that are sure to bring you joy for years to come. Best of luck and happy planting!

See Also:

Facebook Comments Box

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *