Thursday, February 29Food Security Matters

10 Most Profitable Root Crops to Grow in the Philippines

Root crops are not only delicious and nutritious, but they can also be incredibly profitable for farmers in the Philippines. If you’re looking to start a new venture or diversify your existing farm, growing root crops may be the answer. These edible tubers, rhizomes, and roots have long been staples in Filipino cuisine, and their demand continues to rise both domestically and internationally. In this blog post, we will explore the top 10 most profitable root crops to grow in the Philippines.

From carrots to peanuts, we’ll dive into each crop’s planting timeline, best months for cultivation, and harvesting season months. But before we dig deep into these lucrative options, let’s first understand what exactly a root crop is.

What is a Root Crop

Root crops are an essential part of our agricultural landscape, providing us with a variety of edible tubers, rhizomes, and roots. These underground wonders serve as the energy reserves for plants, enabling them to survive adverse conditions such as drought or frost.

Profitable Root Crops
Profitable Root Crops

Edible tubers include crops like potatoes and sweet potatoes, which store their nutrients in swollen underground stems. Rhizomes, on the other hand, are horizontal plant stems that grow underground and give rise to new shoots. Ginger is a prime example of a rhizome crop that not only adds flavor to dishes but also has numerous health benefits.

Root crops encompass vegetables like carrots and onions that derive their nutritional value from taproots or bulbous structures located below the soil surface. These versatile veggies not only enhance the taste of our meals but also contribute vital vitamins and minerals to our diets.

What makes root crops so fascinating is their ability to adapt to various growing conditions. They can withstand pests and diseases better than many fruits or leafy vegetables. Additionally, they require less maintenance compared to other crops since they have built-in defense mechanisms against common ailments.

Furthermore, root crops have proven themselves resilient against climate change as well. Their robust nature allows them to endure extreme weather conditions such as heatwaves or heavy rainfall without compromising yield quality or quantity.

10 Most Profitable Root Crops to Grow in the Philippines

Important: Figures like yield per hectare and price per kilo are based on the May 2022 report of the Department of Agriculture. The price is average and is the closest estimate during this time. Prices change every day, especially the highly-controversial onion and garlic. Here are the ten most profitable root crops to grow if you are planning to farm in the Philippines.

1. Carrot

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 25
  • Farmgate price per kg: P45
  • Gross Income per hectare: P1.125M
  • Time from planting to harvest: 90 days

Carrots are one of the most popular root crops grown in the Philippines, and for good reason! Not only are they delicious and nutritious, but they also have a relatively short time from planting to harvest. On average, it takes about 2-3 months for carrots to reach their full maturity.

Profitable Root Crops
Carrots

The best time to plant carrots is during the cooler months of November to February when temperatures are not too hot. This ensures that the roots develop properly without becoming woody or bitter.

When it comes to harvesting carrots, you can start pulling them out of the ground once they have reached a desirable size. However, if you prefer larger carrots, you can leave them in the ground for a bit longer.

Carrots can be harvested throughout most of the year in the Philippines since they are quite resilient and can withstand different climate conditions. So whether you’re growing them for your consumption or planning on selling them commercially, carrots make an excellent choice!

Remember though that carrot seeds should be sown directly into well-prepared soil as transplanting can cause root damage. With proper care and attention, you’ll soon be enjoying crisp and sweet homegrown carrots straight from your garden!

2. Onion (Sibuyas)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 9.5
  • Farmgate price per kg: P95
  • Gross Income per hectare: P902,500
  • Time from planting to harvest: 120 days

Onions are a pungent and versatile vegetable that adds flavor to countless dishes. Did you know that onions are also one of the most profitable root crops to grow in the Philippines? With a relatively short time from planting to harvest, onions can be a great addition to your farming endeavors.

Onios
Onios

From planting onion seeds or sets, it takes approximately 90-120 days for them to reach maturity. The best months to plant onions in the Philippines are typically from October to November. This timing allows them to take advantage of cooler temperatures during their growth period.

When it comes time for harvesting, you can expect your onions to be ready around February or March. Keep an eye out for yellowing foliage and falling over tops as signs that they are fully matured and ready for harvest. Once harvested, allow them some time in a well-ventilated area until their outer skins dry out completely.

Onions have high demand not only in local markets but also in international markets, making them a profitable crop choice. Whether you choose red, white, or yellow varieties, there’s always a market waiting for these flavorful bulbs.

3. Ube (Purple Yam)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 40
  • Farmgate price per kg: P22
  • Gross Income per hectare: P880,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 6 to 8 months

Ube, also known as purple yam, is a highly profitable root crop that thrives in the tropical climate of the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it takes approximately six to eight months for ube tubers to fully develop and be ready for harvesting.

Ube
Purple yam

The best time to plant ube is during the rainy season when there is sufficient moisture in the soil. The months of May to August are considered ideal for planting this root crop. During this period, the weather conditions are favorable for its growth and development.

Harvesting season for ube typically begins around December and can extend until February or March, depending on when the crops were planted. It’s important to note that proper timing is crucial when harvesting ube because if left too long in the ground, they may become oversized or lose their quality.

Ube has gained popularity not only locally but also internationally due to its vibrant purple color and unique flavor. Its versatility makes it a sought-after ingredient in various desserts such as cakes, ice cream, and pastries. Additionally, it can be processed into jams or used as a natural food coloring agent.

In terms of profitability, cultivating Ube can bring significant returns due to its high demand in both local and international markets. With proper cultivation techniques and market knowledge, farmers can maximize their profits from growing this versatile root crop.

4. Ginger (Luya)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 11
  • Farmgate price per kg: P72
  • Gross Income per hectare: P792,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 8 to 10 months

Ginger is not just a flavorful spice, but also a highly profitable root crop to grow in the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it takes about 8 to 10 months for ginger plants to fully mature and be ready for harvesting. The best months to plant ginger are from June to August when the weather is warm and humid.

Ginger Profitable Root Crops
Ginger

During this time, the soil should be well-prepared by loosening it and adding organic matter like compost or manure. Ginger rhizomes can then be planted directly into the soil with a spacing of about 15-20 cm apart.

As ginger grows, it requires regular watering and weed control. Harvesting season usually begins around February or March when the leaves turn yellow and start drying up. Carefully dig out the rhizomes using a garden fork or spade, being careful not to damage them.

Once harvested, ginger can be sold fresh or dried for various uses such as culinary purposes or herbal remedies. With its high demand in local markets and export potential, growing ginger can bring significant profits for farmers in the Philippines.

Remember that cultivating ginger requires patience and attention to detail throughout its growth cycle. But with proper care, this root crop can yield great rewards!

5. Sweet Potato (Kamote)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 30
  • Farmgate price per kg: P20
  • Gross Income per hectare: P600,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 3 to 4 months

Sweet potatoes are not only delicious, but they are also one of the most profitable root crops to grow in the Philippines. If you’re considering adding them to your garden, here’s what you need to know.

Kamote
Sweet potato

The time from planting sweet potato slips (young plants) to harvest typically ranges from three to four months. This relatively short growing period makes sweet potatoes an attractive option for farmers looking for a quick turnaround on their investment.

In terms of the best months to plant sweet potatoes, it is recommended to start planting during the dry season when there is less chance of excessive rainfall. The ideal months for planting sweet potatoes in the Philippines are usually between February and May.

When it comes to harvesting season, you can expect your sweet potatoes ready for harvest around seven days after flowering or when leaves begin turning yellow. It’s important not to wait too long before harvesting as over-ripened sweet potatoes may become fibrous and lose some of their flavor.

Whether you choose traditional orange-fleshed varieties or opt for purple or white varieties, there is a market demand for all types of sweet potatoes in the Philippines. With proper care and cultivation techniques, growing this root crop can be a lucrative venture that brings both taste and profitability straight from your backyard.

6. Potato (Patatas)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 12
  • Farmgate price per kg: P38
  • Gross Income per hectare: P456,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 3 to 4 months

Potatoes are one of the most versatile and profitable root crops to grow in the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it usually takes around three to four months for potatoes to mature. The best months to plant potatoes are during the dry season, specifically from November to February.

Patatas
Patatas

To start growing potatoes, you can either use seeds or small whole potatoes with at least two “eyes” or sprouts. Plant them about 10-15 centimeters deep in loose soil that is well-drained. Make sure to space them out properly, leaving about 30-40 centimeters between each potato.

Potato plants require regular watering but be cautious not to overwater them as this can lead to rotting tubers. It’s also important to provide adequate nutrients by applying organic fertilizers once a month.

When it comes time for harvesting, you’ll know the potatoes are ready when the tops of the plants turn yellow and dry up. Gently dig around the base of the plant and carefully lift out those precious spuds!

Growing potatoes can be a rewarding experience financially due to their high market demand all year round. They’re used in various dishes like fries, and mashed potatoes, and even as ingredients in snacks such as chips and crackers.

So why not consider adding this profitable root crop into your farming endeavors? With proper care and attention throughout its growth cycle, you’ll surely reap bountiful rewards!

7. Cassava (Kamoteng Kahoy, or Balinghoy)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 25
  • Farmgate price per kg: P18
  • Gross Income per hectare: P450,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 8 to 10 months

Cassava, also known as yuca or manioc, is a highly profitable root crop that can be grown in the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it typically takes about 8-10 months for cassava to reach maturity. The best months to plant cassava are during the dry season, specifically from January to March.

Profitable Root Crops
Cassava

Cassava has a long harvesting season which makes it even more lucrative for farmers. Once the plants have reached maturity, they can be harvested continuously for up to two years. This means that farmers can enjoy a steady income stream throughout this period.

One of the reasons why cassava is such a profitable crop is its versatility and high demand in various industries. It can be used as food, animal feed, or processed into various products such as flour or starch. Additionally, cassava plants are relatively low-maintenance and require less water compared to other crops.

Another advantage of growing cassava is its resilience against pests and diseases. Cassavas are generally resistant to many common agricultural threats such as nematodes and fungal infections. This reduces the need for chemical pesticides and lowers production costs.

Furthermore, cassavas have proven to be resilient against climate changes and drought conditions. They have deep roots that allow them access to groundwater even during dry spells when other crops may struggle.

Growing cassava presents an excellent opportunity for Filipino farmers looking for profitable root crops. Its relatively short time from planting to harvest and long harvesting season combined with its resilience against pests and diseases as well as climate changes make it an ideal choice for maximizing profits in the agriculture industry.

8. Garlic (Bawang, Ahos)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons): 2.78
  • Farmgate price per kg: P108
  • Gross Income per hectare: P300,240
  • Time from planting to harvest: 105 to 120 days

Garlic, a pungent and flavorful root crop, has been used for centuries in various cuisines around the world. In the Philippines, it is not only prized for its culinary uses but also for its potential profitability as a cash crop.

Garlic
Garlic

When it comes to planting garlic, timing is crucial. The ideal time to plant garlic bulbs is during the cool months of November to January. This allows the crop to establish strong roots before the onset of warmer weather.

From planting to harvest, garlic typically takes around 105 to 120 days. During this time, careful attention must be given to watering and weeding to ensure healthy growth. Harvesting season usually occurs from June to July when the leaves turn yellow and start drying out.

One of the reasons why growing garlic can be profitable is its relatively low maintenance compared to other crops. Garlic plants are known for their resilience against pests and diseases, making them easier to cultivate without relying heavily on chemical interventions.

Furthermore, garlic’s ability to withstand climate changes makes it an attractive option for Filipino farmers who often face unpredictable weather patterns. With proper care and cultivation practices in place, growing garlic can yield significant profits for those who venture into this root crop market.

9. Singkamas (Jicama)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons):  20
  • Farmgate price per kg: P15
  • Gross Income per hectare: P230,000
  • Time from planting to harvest: 4 to 6 months

Singkamas, also known as jicama or Mexican yam bean, is a root crop that thrives in tropical climates like the Philippines. From planting to harvest, it usually takes around 4 to 6 months for singkamas to fully develop and be ready for harvesting.

Jicama
Jicama

The best time to plant singkamas is during the dry season when the soil is warm and well-drained. It’s recommended to sow the seeds directly into well-prepared beds or containers with loose soil. Singkamas plants require regular watering, especially during hot weather.

The harvesting season for singkamas typically falls between October and February. During this time, you can expect a bountiful yield of crisp and juicy tubers. To harvest singkamas, gently dig around the base of the plant and carefully lift out the tubers without damaging them.

Singkamas is not only delicious but also packed with nutrients such as fiber, vitamin C, potassium, and antioxidants. Its crunchy texture makes it a popular addition to salads or eaten raw as a refreshing snack.

With its relatively short growing period and high demand in local markets, cultivating singkamas can be a profitable venture for farmers in the Philippines. Plus, it requires minimal maintenance compared to other crops!

10. Peanut (Mani)

  • Yield per hectare (in tons):  0.9 (900 grams)
  • Farmgate price per kg: P43
  • Gross Income per hectare: P38,700
  • Time from planting to harvest: 120 to 150 days (3 to 4 months)

Peanuts, also known as groundnuts, are a highly profitable root crop to grow in the Philippines. From planting to harvest, peanuts typically take around 120-150 days to mature. The best months to plant peanuts are from May to July, as they prefer warm weather and well-drained soil.

Peanuts
Peanuts

During the harvesting season, which usually falls between September and November, farmers can expect a bountiful yield of this nutritious tuber. Peanuts thrive in tropical climates like that of the Philippines and require minimal maintenance throughout their growth cycle.

One of the reasons why growing peanuts is advantageous is their ability to withstand pests and diseases better compared to other crops. This makes them a suitable choice for farmers who want to minimize chemical inputs. Additionally, peanuts have high resistance against climate changes such as drought or excessive rainfall.

In terms of market demand, peanut products such as peanut butter and roasted peanuts remain popular among Filipinos. With relatively low production costs and steady consumer demand both locally and internationally, cultivating peanuts can be a lucrative venture for farmers seeking profitable root crops.

Why Plant Root Crops Instead of Fruits and Leafy Vegetables

Root crops offer several advantages over fruits and leafy vegetables. One of the key benefits is their ability to withstand pests and diseases. Unlike other crops, root vegetables have a natural resistance to many common pests and diseases, making them easier to grow without the need for excessive chemical interventions.

Additionally, root crops require less work compared to other types of plants. They are typically low maintenance and don’t require constant attention or care. Once planted, they can thrive on their own with minimal intervention from farmers.

Moreover, growing root crops also reduce the reliance on synthetic chemicals in agriculture. These crops naturally deter pests due to their unique flavors and aromas, eliminating the need for harsh pesticides that can harm both human health and the environment.

Root vegetables are known for their resilience in different climate conditions. They can adapt well to changes in temperature and moisture levels, making them more resistant to droughts or floods compared to other types of produce.

By choosing profitable root crops as part of your farming strategy instead of fruits or leafy vegetables, you can enjoy these numerous benefits while still reaping substantial profits from your harvests. So why not give it a try?

The Bottom Line

In a world where agriculture plays a crucial role in our economy, it’s essential to explore crops that offer high profitability and resilience. Root crops have proven to be an excellent choice for farmers in the Philippines due to their ability to withstand pests, diseases, and climate change.

One of the major advantages of cultivating root crops is that they require less work compared to fruits and leafy vegetables. These hardy plants are naturally resistant to many pests and diseases commonly found on farms. This means less reliance on harmful chemicals like pesticides or herbicides – benefitting both farmer’s health as well as the environment.

Moreover, root crops are known for their ability to adapt to different climatic conditions. With unpredictable weather patterns becoming increasingly common due to climate change concerns worldwide; investing in resilient root crop cultivation offers stability against adverse environmental factors.

Whether you’re an experienced farmer looking for profitable options or someone considering starting your agricultural venture from scratch – exploring opportunities with root crops is undoubtedly worth considering. The demand for these versatile staples remains consistently high throughout the year; making them a reliable source of income generation.

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